User menu

Engineering half-Heusler thermoelectric materials using Zintl chemistry

Bibliographic reference Zeier, Wolfgang G. ; Schmitt, Jennifer ; Hautier, Geoffroy ; Aydemir, Umut ; Gibbs, Zachary M. ; et. al. Engineering half-Heusler thermoelectric materials using Zintl chemistry. In: Nature Reviews Materials, Vol. -, no. -, p. 16032 (2016)
Permanent URL
  1. Bell L. E., Cooling, Heating, Generating Power, and Recovering Waste Heat with Thermoelectric Systems, 10.1126/science.1158899
  2. Baja S., Acta Mater., 57, 5135 (2009)
  3. Sales B. C., Mandrus D., Williams R. K., Filled Skutterudite Antimonides: A New Class of Thermoelectric Materials, 10.1126/science.272.5266.1325
  4. Shi Xun, Yang Jiong, Bai Shengqiang, Yang Jihui, Wang Hsin, Chi Miaofang, Salvador James R., Zhang Wenqing, Chen Lidong, Wong-Ng Winnie, On the Design of High-Efficiency Thermoelectric Clathrates through a Systematic Cross-Substitution of Framework Elements, 10.1002/adfm.200901817
  5. Zhang Hui, Borrmann Horst, Oeschler Niels, Candolfi Christophe, Schnelle Walter, Schmidt Marcus, Burkhardt Ulrich, Baitinger Michael, Zhao Jing-Tai, Grin Yuri, Atomic Interactions in the p-Type Clathrate I Ba8Au5.3Ge40.7, 10.1021/ic1016559
  6. Saiga Y., Du B., Deng S.K., Kajisa K., Takabatake T., Thermoelectric properties of type-VIII clathrate Ba8Ga16Sn30 doped with Cu, 10.1016/j.jallcom.2012.05.049
  7. Christensen Mogens, Johnsen Simon, Iversen Bo Brummerstedt, Thermoelectric clathrates of type I, 10.1039/b916400f
  8. Zeier Wolfgang G., Pei Yanzhong, Pomrehn Gregory, Day Tristan, Heinz Nicholas, Heinrich Christophe P., Snyder G. Jeffrey, Tremel Wolfgang, Phonon Scattering through a Local Anisotropic Structural Disorder in the Thermoelectric Solid Solution Cu2Zn1–xFexGeSe4, 10.1021/ja308627v
  9. Zeier Wolfgang G., LaLonde Aaron, Gibbs Zachary M., Heinrich Christophe P., Panthöfer Martin, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Tremel Wolfgang, Influence of a Nano Phase Segregation on the Thermoelectric Properties of the p-Type Doped Stannite Compound Cu2+xZn1–xGeSe4, 10.1021/ja301452j
  10. Plirdpring Theerayuth, Kurosaki Ken, Kosuga Atsuko, Day Tristan, Firdosy Samad, Ravi Vilupanur, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Harnwunggmoung Adul, Sugahara Tohru, Ohishi Yuji, Muta Hiroaki, Yamanaka Shinsuke, Chalcopyrite CuGaTe2: A High-Efficiency Bulk Thermoelectric Material, 10.1002/adma.201200732
  11. Pomrehn Gregory S., Zevalkink Alex, Zeier Wolfgang G., van de Walle Axel, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Defect-Controlled Electronic Properties inAZn2Sb2Zintl Phases, 10.1002/anie.201311125
  12. Kauzlarich Susan M., Brown Shawna R., Jeffrey Snyder G., Zintl phases for thermoelectric devices, 10.1039/b702266b
  13. Toberer Eric S., May Andrew F., Snyder G. Jeffrey, Zintl Chemistry for Designing High Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials†‡, 10.1021/cm901956r
  14. Zevalkink Alex, Zeier Wolfgang G., Pomrehn Gregory, Schechtel Eugen, Tremel Wolfgang, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Thermoelectric properties of Sr3GaSb3 – a chain-forming Zintl compound, 10.1039/c2ee22378c
  15. Zevalkink Alex, Zeier Wolfgang G., Cheng Ethan, Snyder Jeffrey, Fleurial Jean-Pierre, Bux Sabah, Nonstoichiometry in the Zintl Phase Yb1−δZn2Sb2as a Route to Thermoelectric Optimization, 10.1021/cm502588r
  16. Pei Yanzhong, Wang Heng, Snyder G. J., Thermoelectric Materials: Band Engineering of Thermoelectric Materials (Adv. Mater. 46/2012), 10.1002/adma.201290290
  17. Pei Yanzhong, Shi Xiaoya, LaLonde Aaron, Wang Heng, Chen Lidong, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Convergence of electronic bands for high performance bulk thermoelectrics, 10.1038/nature09996
  18. Pei Yanzhong, Heinz Nicholas A., LaLonde Aaron, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Combination of large nanostructures and complex band structure for high performance thermoelectric lead telluride, 10.1039/c1ee01928g
  19. Zeier Wolfgang G., Zhu Hong, Gibbs Zachary M., Ceder Gerbrand, Tremel Wolfgang, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Band convergence in the non-cubic chalcopyrite compounds Cu2MGeSe4, 10.1039/c4tc02218a
  20. Scharfe Sandra, Kraus Florian, Stegmaier Saskia, Schier Annette, Fässler Thomas F., Zintl Ions, Cage Compounds, and Intermetalloid Clusters of Group 14 and Group 15 Elements, 10.1002/anie.201001630
  21. Schäfer Herbert, Eisenmann Brigitte, Müller Wiking, Zintl Phases: Transitions between Metallic and Ionic Bonding, 10.1002/anie.197306941
  22. Zintl E., Intermetallische Verbindungen, 10.1002/ange.19390520102
  23. Nesper Reinhard, The Zintl-Klemm Concept - A Historical Survey : The Zintl-Klemm Concept - A Historical Survey, 10.1002/zaac.201400403
  24. Brockmann H., Beyer E., Die chromatographische Trennung farbloser Verbindungen an fluoreszierenden Adsorbentien, 10.1002/ange.19510630602
  25. Toberer Eric S., Zevalkink Alex, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Phonon engineering through crystal chemistry, 10.1039/c1jm11754h
  26. Aydemir Umut, Zevalkink Alex, Ormeci Alim, Gibbs Zachary M., Bux Sabah, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Thermoelectric Enhancement in BaGa2Sb2by Zn Doping, 10.1021/cm5042937
  27. Zeier Wolfgang G., Zevalkink Alex, Schechtel Eugen, Tremel Wolfgang, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Thermoelectric properties of Zn-doped Ca3AlSb3, 10.1039/c2jm31324c
  28. Zevalkink Alex, Toberer Eric S., Zeier Wolfgang G., Flage-Larsen Espen, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Ca3AlSb3: an inexpensive, non-toxic thermoelectric material for waste heat recovery, 10.1039/c0ee00517g
  29. Luo Huixia, Krizan Jason W., Muechler Lukas, Haldolaarachchige Neel, Klimczuk Tomasz, Xie Weiwei, Fuccillo Michael K., Felser Claudia, Cava Robert J., A large family of filled skutterudites stabilized by electron count, 10.1038/ncomms7489
  30. Liu Yuanfeng, Sahoo Pranati, Makongo Julien P. A., Zhou Xiaoyuan, Kim Sung-Joo, Chi Hang, Uher Ctirad, Pan Xiaoqing, Poudeu Pierre F. P., Large Enhancements of Thermopower and Carrier Mobility in Quantum Dot Engineered Bulk Semiconductors, 10.1021/ja311059m
  31. Xie Wenjie, Weidenkaff Anke, Tang Xinfeng, Zhang Qingjie, Poon Joseph, Tritt Terry, Recent Advances in Nanostructured Thermoelectric Half-Heusler Compounds, 10.3390/nano2040379
  32. Graf Tanja, Felser Claudia, Parkin Stuart S.P., Simple rules for the understanding of Heusler compounds, 10.1016/j.progsolidstchem.2011.02.001
  33. Kandpal Hem Chandra, Felser Claudia, Seshadri Ram, Covalent bonding and the nature of band gaps in some half-Heusler compounds, 10.1088/0022-3727/39/5/s02
  34. Bos Jan-Willem G, Downie Ruth A, Half-Heusler thermoelectrics: a complex class of materials, 10.1088/0953-8984/26/43/433201
  35. Kimura Yoshisato, Chai Yaw-Wang, Ordered Structures and Thermoelectric Properties of MNiSn (M = Ti, Zr, Hf)-Based Half-Heusler Compounds Affected by Close Relationship with Heusler Compounds, 10.1007/s11837-014-1233-3
  36. Martín-González Marisol, Caballero-Calero O., Díaz-Chao P., Nanoengineering thermoelectrics for 21st century: Energy harvesting and other trends in the field, 10.1016/j.rser.2013.03.008
  37. Chen Shuo, Ren Zhifeng, Recent progress of half-Heusler for moderate temperature thermoelectric applications, 10.1016/j.mattod.2013.09.015
  38. Carrete J., Phys. Rev. X, 4, 011019 (2014)
  39. Carrete Jesús, Mingo Natalio, Wang Shidong, Curtarolo Stefano, Nanograined Half-Heusler Semiconductors as Advanced Thermoelectrics: An Ab Initio High-Throughput Statistical Study, 10.1002/adfm.201401201
  40. Chaput L., Tobola J., Pécheur P., Scherrer H., Electronic structure and thermopower ofNi(Ti0.5Hf0.5)Snand related half-Heusler phases, 10.1103/physrevb.73.045121
  41. Larson P., Mahanti S. D., Kanatzidis M. G., Structural stability of Ni-containing half-Heusler compounds, 10.1103/physrevb.62.12754
  42. Öğüt Serdar, Rabe Karin M., Band gap and stability in the ternary intermetallic compounds NiSnM(M=Ti,Zr,Hf): A first-principles study, 10.1103/physrevb.51.10443
  43. Yang Jiong, Li Huanming, Wu Ting, Zhang Wenqing, Chen Lidong, Yang Jihui, Evaluation of Half-Heusler Compounds as Thermoelectric Materials Based on the Calculated Electrical Transport Properties, 10.1002/adfm.200701369
  44. Gautier Romain, Zhang Xiuwen, Hu Linhua, Yu Liping, Lin Yuyuan, Sunde Tor O. L., Chon Danbee, Poeppelmeier Kenneth R., Zunger Alex, Prediction and accelerated laboratory discovery of previously unknown 18-electron ABX compounds, 10.1038/nchem.2207
  45. Bende David, Grin Yuri, Wagner Frank R., Covalence and Ionicity in MgAgAs-Type Compounds, 10.1002/chem.201400299
  46. Xie Han-Hui, Mi Jian-Li, Hu Li-Peng, Lock Nina, Chirstensen Mogens, Fu Chen-Guang, Iversen Bo Brummerstedt, Zhao Xin-Bing, Zhu Tie-Jun, Interrelation between atomic switching disorder and thermoelectric properties of ZrNiSn half-Heusler compounds, 10.1039/c2ce25119a
  47. Köhler Jürgen, Deng Shuiquan, Lee Changhoon, Whangbo Myung-Hwan, On the Origin of a Band Gap in Compounds of Diamond-like Structures, 10.1021/ic062256x
  48. Snyder G. Jeffrey, Toberer Eric S., Complex thermoelectric materials, 10.1038/nmat2090
  49. Bende David, Wagner Frank R., Grin Yuri, 8 –NRule and Chemical Bonding in Main-Group MgAgAs-Type Compounds, 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b00135
  50. Mooser E., J. Electron., 1, 629 (1956)
  51. Pearson W. B., The crystal structures of semiconductors and a general valence rule, 10.1107/s0365110x64000019
  52. Hoffmann Roald, How Chemistry and Physics Meet in the Solid State, 10.1002/anie.198708461
  53. Ouardi Siham, Fecher Gerhard H., Felser Claudia, Schwall Michael, Naghavi S. Shahab, Gloskovskii Andrei, Balke Benjamin, Hamrle Jaroslav, Postava Kamil, Pištora Jaromír, Ueda Shigenori, Kobayashi Keisuke, Electronic structure and optical, mechanical, and transport properties of the pure, electron-doped, and hole-doped Heusler compound CoTiSb, 10.1103/physrevb.86.045116
  54. Xie Han-Hui, Yu Cui, He Bin, Zhu Tie-Jun, Zhao Xin-Bing, Thermoelectric Properties and n- to p-Type Conversion of Co-Doped ZrNiSn-Based Half-Heusler Alloys, 10.1007/s11664-012-2077-7
  55. Joshi Giri, Yan Xiao, Wang Hengzhi, Liu Weishu, Chen Gang, Ren Zhifeng, Enhancement in Thermoelectric Figure-Of-Merit of an N-Type Half-Heusler Compound by the Nanocomposite Approach, 10.1002/aenm.201100126
  56. Muta Hiroaki, Kanemitsu Takanori, Kurosaki Ken, Yamanaka Shinsuke, High-temperature thermoelectric properties of Nb-doped MNiSn (M=Ti, Zr) half-Heusler compound, 10.1016/j.jallcom.2008.02.041
  57. Ouardi Siham, Fecher Gerhard H., Felser Claudia, Schwall Michael, Naghavi S. Shahab, Gloskovskii Andrei, Balke Benjamin, Hamrle Jaroslav, Postava Kamil, Pištora Jaromír, Ueda Shigenori, Kobayashi Keisuke, Electronic structure and optical, mechanical, and transport properties of the pure, electron-doped, and hole-doped Heusler compound CoTiSb, 10.1103/physrevb.86.045116
  58. Culp Slade R., Simonson J. W., Poon S. Joseph, Ponnambalam V., Edwards J., Tritt Terry M., (Zr,Hf)Co(Sb,Sn) half-Heusler phases as high-temperature (>700°C) p-type thermoelectric materials, 10.1063/1.2959103
  59. Romaka L., Stadnyk Yu., Horyn A., Shelyapina M.G., Kasperovich V.S., Fruchart D., Hlil E.K., Wolfers P., Electronic structure of the Ti1−xScxNiSn and Zr1−xScxNiSn solid solutions, 10.1016/j.jallcom.2004.12.034
  60. Horyn’ A, Bodak O, Romaka L, Gorelenko Yu, Tkachuk A, Davydov V, Stadnyk Yu, Crystal structure and physical properties of (Ti,Sc)NiSn and (Zr,Sc)NiSn solid solutions, 10.1016/s0925-8388(03)00448-1
  61. Schmitt Jennifer, Gibbs Zachary M., Snyder G. Jeffrey, Felser Claudia, Resolving the true band gap of ZrNiSn half-Heusler thermoelectric materials, 10.1039/c4mh00142g
  62. Wang Heng, Cao Xianlong, Takagiwa Yoshiki, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Higher mobility in bulk semiconductors by separating the dopants from the charge-conducting band – a case study of thermoelectric PbSe, 10.1039/c5mh00021a
  63. Zunger Alex, Practical doping principles, 10.1063/1.1584074
  64. Aydemir Umut, Akselrud Lev, Carrillo-Cabrera Wilder, Candolfi Christophe, Oeschler Niels, Baitinger Michael, Steglich Frank, Grin Yuri, BaGe5: A New Type of Intermetallic Clathrate, 10.1021/ja104197c
  65. Candolfi C., Aydemir U., Ormeci A., Carrillo-Cabrera W., Burkhardt U., Baitinger M., Oeschler N., Steglich F., Grin Yu., Transport properties of the clathrate BaGe5, 10.1063/1.3625233
  66. Aydemir U., Candolfi C., Borrmann H., Baitinger M., Ormeci A., Carrillo-Cabrera W., Chubilleau C., Lenoir B., Dauscher A., Oeschler N., Steglich F., Grin Yu., Crystal structure and transport properties of Ba8Ge43□3, 10.1039/b919726e
  67. Downie Ruth A., Smith Ronald I., MacLaren Donald A., Bos Jan-Willem G., Metal Distributions, Efficient n-Type Doping, and Evidence for in-Gap States in TiNiMySn (M = Co, Ni, Cu) half-Heusler Nanocomposites, 10.1021/cm5045682
  68. Miyamoto Koji, Kimura Akio, Sakamoto Kazuaki, Ye Mao, Cui Yitao, Shimada Kenya, Namatame Hirofumi, Taniguchi Masaki, Fujimori Shin-ichi, Saitoh Yuji, Ikenaga Eiji, Kobayashi Keisuke, Tadano Junichi, Kanomata Takeshi, In-gap Electronic States Responsible for the Excellent Thermoelectric Properties of Ni-based Half-Heusler Alloys, 10.1143/apex.1.081901
  69. Miyazaki Hidetoshi, Nakano Teruaki, Inukai Manabu, Soda Kazuo, Izumi Yudai, Muro Takayuki, Kim Jungeun, Takata Masaki, Matsunami Masaharu, Kimura Shin-ichi, Nishino Yoichi, Electronic and Local Crystal Structures of the ZrNiSn Half-Heusler Thermoelectric Material, 10.2320/matertrans.e-m2014803
  70. Douglas Jason E., Chater Philip A., Brown Craig M., Pollock Tresa M., Seshadri Ram, Nanoscale structural heterogeneity in Ni-rich half-Heusler TiNiSn, 10.1063/1.4900497
  71. Downie R. A., Barczak S. A., Smith R. I., Bos J. W. G., Compositions and thermoelectric properties of XNiSn (X = Ti, Zr, Hf) half-Heusler alloys, 10.1039/c5tc02025e
  72. Zhu Tiejun, Fu Chenguang, Xie Hanhui, Liu Yintu, Zhao Xinbing, High Efficiency Half-Heusler Thermoelectric Materials for Energy Harvesting, 10.1002/aenm.201500588
  73. Aliev F. G., Kozyrkov V. V., Moshchalkov V. V., Scolozdra R. V., Durczewski K., Narrow band in the intermetallic compounds MNiSn (M=Ti, Zr, Hf), 10.1007/bf01323516
  74. Ślebarski A., Jezierski A., Lütkehoff S., Neumann M., Electronic structure ofX2ZrSn- andXZrSn-type Heusler alloys withX=Coor Ni, 10.1103/physrevb.57.6408
  75. Seidl A., Görling A., Vogl P., Majewski J. A., Levy M., Generalized Kohn-Sham schemes and the band-gap problem, 10.1103/physrevb.53.3764
  76. Do Dat T, Mahanti S D, Pulikkoti Jiji J, Electronic structure of Zr–Ni–Sn systems: role of clustering and nanostructures in half-Heusler and Heusler limits, 10.1088/0953-8984/26/27/275501
  77. Xie Han-Hui, Mi Jian-Li, Hu Li-Peng, Lock Nina, Chirstensen Mogens, Fu Chen-Guang, Iversen Bo Brummerstedt, Zhao Xin-Bing, Zhu Tie-Jun, Interrelation between atomic switching disorder and thermoelectric properties of ZrNiSn half-Heusler compounds, 10.1039/c2ce25119a
  78. Xie Hanhui, Wang Heng, Fu Chenguang, Liu Yintu, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Zhao Xinbing, Zhu Tiejun, The intrinsic disorder related alloy scattering in ZrNiSn half-Heusler thermoelectric materials, 10.1038/srep06888
  79. Xie Hanhui, Wang Heng, Pei Yanzhong, Fu Chenguang, Liu Xiaohua, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Zhao Xinbing, Zhu Tiejun, Beneficial Contribution of Alloy Disorder to Electron and Phonon Transport in Half-Heusler Thermoelectric Materials, 10.1002/adfm.201300663
  80. Hattori Kengo, Miyazaki Hidetoshi, Yoshida Kento, Inukai Manabu, Nishino Yoichi, Direct observation of the electronic structure in thermoelectric half-Heusler alloys Zr1−xMxNiSn (M = Y and Nb), 10.1063/1.4921812
  81. Wang Shanyu, Yang Jiong, Toll Trevor, Yang Jihui, Zhang Wenqing, Tang Xinfeng, Conductivity-limiting bipolar thermal conductivity in semiconductors, 10.1038/srep10136
  82. Gibbs Zachary M., Kim Hyun-Sik, Wang Heng, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Band gap estimation from temperature dependent Seebeck measurement—Deviations from the 2e|S|maxTmax relation, 10.1063/1.4905922
  83. Wood C, Materials for thermoelectric energy conversion, 10.1088/0034-4885/51/4/001
  84. Heinz N.A., Ikeda T., Snyder G.J., Medlin D.L., Interfacial disconnections at Sb2Te3 precipitates in PbTe: Mechanisms of strain accommodation and phase transformation at a tetradymite/rocksalt telluride interface, 10.1016/j.actamat.2011.08.043
  85. Heinz Nicholas A., Ikeda Teruyuki, Pei Yanzhong, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Applying Quantitative Microstructure Control in Advanced Functional Composites, 10.1002/adfm.201302899
  86. Maji Pramathesh, Makongo Julien P.A., Zhou Xiaoyuan, Chi Hang, Uher Ctirad, Poudeu Pierre F.P., Thermoelectric performance of nanostructured p-type Zr0.5Hf0.5Co0.4Rh0.6Sb1−xSnx half-Heusler alloys, 10.1016/j.jssc.2013.03.024
  87. Makongo Julien P. A., Misra Dinesh K., Zhou Xiaoyuan, Pant Aditya, Shabetai Michael R., Su Xianli, Uher Ctirad, Stokes Kevin L., Poudeu Pierre F. P., Simultaneous Large Enhancements in Thermopower and Electrical Conductivity of Bulk Nanostructured Half-Heusler Alloys, 10.1021/ja206491j
  88. Skovsen I., Bjerg L., Christensen M., Nishibori E., Balke B., Felser C., Iversen B. B., Multi-temperature synchrotron PXRD and physical properties study of half-Heusler TiCoSb, 10.1039/c0dt00742k
  89. May Andrew F., Toberer Eric S., Saramat Ali, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Characterization and analysis of thermoelectric transport inn-typeBa8Ga16−xGe30+x, 10.1103/physrevb.80.125205
  90. Singh D. J., Mazin I. I., Calculated thermoelectric properties of La-filled skutterudites, 10.1103/physrevb.56.r1650
  91. Chen Shuo, Lukas Kevin C., Liu Weishu, Opeil Cyril P., Chen Gang, Ren Zhifeng, Effect of Hf Concentration on Thermoelectric Properties of Nanostructured N-Type Half-Heusler Materials HfxZr1-xNiSn0.99Sb0.01, 10.1002/aenm.201300336
  92. Gałązka Krzysztof, Populoh Sascha, Xie Wenjie, Yoon Songhak, Saucke Gesine, Hulliger Jürg, Weidenkaff Anke, Improved thermoelectric performance of (Zr0.3Hf0.7)NiSn half-Heusler compounds by Ta substitution, 10.1063/1.4874798
  93. Kim Sung-Wng, Kimura Yoshisato, Mishima Yoshinao, High temperature thermoelectric properties of TiNiSn-based half-Heusler compounds, 10.1016/j.intermet.2006.08.008
  94. Lee Ping-Jen, Tseng Shih Chun, Chao Long-Sun, High-temperature thermoelectric properties of Tix(ZrHf)0.99−xV0.01Ni0.9Pd0.1Sn0.99Sb0.01 half-Heusler alloys, 10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.02.131
  95. Simonson J W, Poon S J, Electronic structure of transition metal-doped XNiSn and XCoSb (X = Hf,Zr) phases in the vicinity of the band gap, 10.1088/0953-8984/20/25/255220
  96. Simonson J. W., Wu D., Xie W. J., Tritt T. M., Poon S. J., Introduction of resonant states and enhancement of thermoelectric properties in half-Heusler alloys, 10.1103/physrevb.83.235211
  97. Uher C., Yang J., Hu S., Morelli D. T., Meisner G. P., Transport properties of pure and dopedMNiSn (M=Zr, Hf), 10.1103/physrevb.59.8615
  98. Xiao Kai, Zhu Tie-Jun, Yu Cui, Yang Sheng-Hui, Zhao Xin-Bing, P-type doping of Hf0.6Zr0.4NiSn half-Heusler thermoelectric materials prepared by levitation melting and spark plasma sintering, 10.1557/jmr.2011.82
  99. Yu Cui, Zhu Tie-Jun, Shi Rui-Zhi, Zhang Yun, Zhao Xin-Bing, He Jian, High-performance half-Heusler thermoelectric materials Hf1−x ZrxNiSn1−ySby prepared by levitation melting and spark plasma sintering, 10.1016/j.actamat.2009.02.026
  100. Yu Cui, Zhu Tie-Jun, Xiao Kai, Shen Jun-Jie, Yang Sheng-Hui, Zhao Xin-Bing, Reduced Grain Size and Improved Thermoelectric Properties of Melt Spun (Hf,Zr)NiSn Half-Heusler Alloys, 10.1007/s11664-009-1032-8
  101. Effects of yttrium doping on the thermoelectric properties of Hf0.6Zr0.4NiSn0.98Sb0.02 half-Heusler alloys, 10.1063/1.3475719
  102. Day Tristan W., Zeier Wolfgang G., Brown David R., Melot Brent C., Snyder G. Jeffrey, Determining conductivity and mobility values of individual components in multiphase composite Cu1.97Ag0.03Se, 10.1063/1.4897435
  103. Schwall Michael, Schoop Leslie M., Ouardi Siham, Balke Benjamin, Felser Claudia, Klaer Peter, Elmers Hans-Joachim, Thermomagnetic Properties Improved by Self-Organized Flower-Like Phase Separation of Ferromagnetic Co2Dy0.5Mn0.5Sn, 10.1002/adfm.201102792
  104. Hazama Hirofumi, Matsubara Masato, Asahi Ryoji, Takeuchi Tsunehiro, Improvement of thermoelectric properties for half-Heusler TiNiSn by interstitial Ni defects, 10.1063/1.3633518
  105. Romaka V.V., Rogl P., Romaka L., Stadnyk Yu., Grytsiv A., Lakh O., Krayovskii V., Peculiarities of structural disorder in Zr- and Hf-containing Heusler and half-Heusler stannides, 10.1016/j.intermet.2012.11.022
  106. Birkel Christina S., Douglas Jason E., Lettiere Bethany R., Seward Gareth, Verma Nisha, Zhang Yichi, Pollock Tresa M., Seshadri Ram, Stucky Galen D., Improving the thermoelectric properties of half-Heusler TiNiSn through inclusion of a second full-Heusler phase: microwave preparation and spark plasma sintering of TiNi1+xSn, 10.1039/c3cp50918d
  107. Birkel Christina S., Zeier Wolfgang G., Douglas Jason E., Lettiere Bethany R., Mills Carolyn E., Seward Gareth, Birkel Alexander, Snedaker Matthew L., Zhang Yichi, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Pollock Tresa M., Seshadri Ram, Stucky Galen D., Rapid Microwave Preparation of Thermoelectric TiNiSn and TiCoSb Half-Heusler Compounds, 10.1021/cm3011343
  108. Rausch Elisabeth, Balke Benjamin, Ouardi Siham, Felser Claudia, Enhanced thermoelectric performance in the p-type half-Heusler (Ti/Zr/Hf)CoSb0.8Sn0.2 system via phase separation, 10.1039/c4cp02561j
  109. May Andrew F., Singh David J., Snyder G. Jeffrey, Influence of band structure on the large thermoelectric performance of lanthanum telluride, 10.1103/physrevb.79.153101
  110. Rausch Elisabeth, Balke Benjamin, Deschauer Torben, Ouardi Siham, Felser Claudia, Charge carrier concentration optimization of thermoelectric p-type half-Heusler compounds, 10.1063/1.4916526
  111. Fu Chenguang, Bai Shengqiang, Liu Yintu, Tang Yunshan, Chen Lidong, Zhao Xinbing, Zhu Tiejun, Realizing high figure of merit in heavy-band p-type half-Heusler thermoelectric materials, 10.1038/ncomms9144
  112. Fu Chenguang, Zhu Tiejun, Liu Yintu, Xie Hanhui, Zhao Xinbing, Band engineering of high performance p-type FeNbSb based half-Heusler thermoelectric materials for figure of merit zT > 1, 10.1039/c4ee03042g
  113. Nolas George S., Poon Joe, Kanatzidis Mercouri, Recent Developments in Bulk Thermoelectric Materials, 10.1557/mrs2006.45
  114. Johnsen Simon, He Jiaqing, Androulakis John, Dravid Vinayak P., Todorov Iliya, Chung Duck. Y., Kanatzidis Mercouri G., Nanostructures Boost the Thermoelectric Performance of PbS, 10.1021/ja109138p
  115. Sootsman Joseph R., Chung Duck Young, Kanatzidis Mercouri G., New and Old Concepts in Thermoelectric Materials, 10.1002/anie.200900598
  116. Liu Huili, Shi Xun, Xu Fangfang, Zhang Linlin, Zhang Wenqing, Chen Lidong, Li Qiang, Uher Ctirad, Day Tristan, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Copper ion liquid-like thermoelectrics, 10.1038/nmat3273
  117. Weldert Kai S., Zeier Wolfgang G., Day Tristan W., Panthöfer Martin, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Tremel Wolfgang, Thermoelectric Transport in Cu7PSe6 with High Copper Ionic Mobility, 10.1021/ja5056092
  118. Biswas Kanishka, He Jiaqing, Blum Ivan D., Wu Chun-I, Hogan Timothy P., Seidman David N., Dravid Vinayak P., Kanatzidis Mercouri G., High-performance bulk thermoelectrics with all-scale hierarchical architectures, 10.1038/nature11439
  119. Zhao L. D., Wu H. J., Hao S. Q., Wu C. I., Zhou X. Y., Biswas K., He J. Q., Hogan T. P., Uher C., Wolverton C., Dravid V. P., Kanatzidis M. G., All-scale hierarchical thermoelectrics: MgTe in PbTe facilitates valence band convergence and suppresses bipolar thermal transport for high performance, 10.1039/c3ee42187b
  120. Cordier G., Z. Naturforsch., 39b, 727 (1984)
  121. Cordier Gerhard, Schäfer Herbert, Ca3AlAs3 – ein intermetallisches Analogon zu den Kettensilicaten, 10.1002/ange.19810930512
  122. Brown Shawna R., Kauzlarich Susan M., Gascoin Franck, Snyder G. Jeffrey, Yb14MnSb11:  New High Efficiency Thermoelectric Material for Power Generation, 10.1021/cm060261t
  123. Toberer Eric S., Cox Catherine A., Brown Shawna R., Ikeda Teruyuki, May Andrew F., Kauzlarich Susan M., Snyder G. Jeffrey, Traversing the Metal-Insulator Transition in a Zintl Phase: Rational Enhancement of Thermoelectric Efficiency in Yb14Mn1−xAlxSb11, 10.1002/adfm.200800298
  124. Toberer Eric S., Brown Shawna R., Ikeda Teruyuki, Kauzlarich Susan M., Jeffrey Snyder G., High thermoelectric efficiency in lanthanum doped Yb14MnSb11, 10.1063/1.2970089
  125. Gascoin F., Ottensmann S., Stark D., Haïle S. M., Snyder G. J., Zintl Phases as Thermoelectric Materials: Tuned Transport Properties of the Compounds CaxYb1-xZn2Sb2, 10.1002/adfm.200500043