User menu

Modelling fecal indicator bacteria concentrations in natural surface waters: a review

Bibliographic reference Debrauwere, Anouk ; Servais, Pierre ; Ouattara, Nouho Koffi. Modelling fecal indicator bacteria concentrations in natural surface waters: a review. In: Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. ?, no. ?, p. ? (2014)
Permanent URL
  1. Anderson I.C., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 38, 1147 (1979)
  2. Anderson I.C., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 45, 1877 (1983)
  3. Anderson K. L., Whitlock J. E., Harwood V. J., Persistence and Differential Survival of Fecal Indicator Bacteria in Subtropical Waters and Sediments, 10.1128/aem.71.6.3041-3048.2005
  4. Arnold J. G., Fohrer N., SWAT2000: current capabilities and research opportunities in applied watershed modelling, 10.1002/hyp.5611
  5. Auer Martin T., Niehaus Stephen L., Modeling fecal coliform bacteria—I. Field and laboratory determination of loss kinetics, 10.1016/0043-1354(93)90179-l
  6. C. Baffaut, V. W. Benson, Modeling Flow and Pollutant Transport in a Karst Watershed with SWAT, 10.13031/2013.26840
  7. C. Baffaut, A. Sadeghi, Bacteria Modeling with SWAT for Assessment and Remediation Studies: A Review, 10.13031/2013.34907
  8. Bai Sen, Lung Wu-Seng, Modeling sediment impact on the transport of fecal bacteria, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.10.013
  9. Barcina I., Arana I., Iriberri J., Egea L., Factors affecting the survival of E. coli in a river, 10.1007/bf00014218
  10. Barcina I., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 55, 246 (1989)
  11. Beaudeau P, In situ measurement and statistical modelling of Escherichia coli decay in small rivers, 10.1016/s0043-1354(01)00011-2
  12. Bedri Zeinab, Bruen Michael, Dowley Aodh, Masterson Bartholomew, A Three-Dimensional Hydro-Environmental Model of Dublin Bay, 10.1007/s10666-011-9253-7
  13. Beliaeff Benoît, Cochard Marie-Laure, Applying geostatistics to identification of spatial patterns of fecal contamination in a mussel farming area (Havre de la Vanlée, France), 10.1016/0043-1354(94)00294-h
  14. B. L. Benham, C. Baffaut, R. W. Zeckoski, K. R. Mankin, Y. A. Pachepsky, A. M. Sadeghi, K. M. Brannan, M. L. Soupir, M. J. Habersack, MODELING BACTERIA FATE AND TRANSPORT IN WATERSHEDS TO SUPPORT TMDLS, 10.13031/2013.21739
  15. Boehm Alexandria B., Model of Microbial Transport and Inactivation in the Surf Zone and Application to Field Measurements of Total Coliform in Northern Orange County, California, 10.1021/es034321x
  16. Boehm Alexandria B., Ashbolt Nicholas J., Colford John M., Dunbar Lee E., Fleming Lora E., Gold Mark A., Hansel Joel A., Hunter Paul R., Ichida Audrey M., McGee Charles D., Soller Jeffrey A., Weisberg Stephen B., A sea change ahead for recreational water quality criteria, 10.2166/wh.2009.122
  17. Boehm Alexandria B., Keymer Daniel P., Shellenbarger Gregory G., An analytical model of enterococci inactivation, grazing, and transport in the surf zone of a marine beach, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.06.026
  18. Bordalo A.A., Onrassami R., Dechsakulwatana C., Survival of faecal indicator bacteria in tropical estuarine waters (Bangpakong River, Thailand), 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2002.01760.x
  19. Borrego J.J., Microbiologia, 13, 413 (1997)
  20. Bougeard Morgane, Le Saux Jean-Claude, Pérenne Nicolas, Baffaut Claire, Robin Marc, Pommepuy Monique, Modeling of Escherichia coli Fluxes on a Catchment and the Impact on Coastal Water and Shellfish Quality1 : Modeling of Escherichia coli Fluxes on a Catchment and the Impact on Coastal Water and Shellfish Quality, 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2010.00520.x
  21. Bradford Scott A., Morales Verónica L., Zhang Wei, Harvey Ronald W., Packman Aaron I., Mohanram Arvind, Welty Claire, Transport and Fate of Microbial Pathogens in Agricultural Settings, 10.1080/10643389.2012.710449
  22. Bucci Vanni, Hoover Stewart, Hellweger Ferdi L., Modeling Adaptive Mutation of Enteric Bacteria in Surface Water Using Agent-Based Methods, 10.1007/s11270-011-1003-6
  23. Bucci Vanni, Vulić Marin, Ruan Xiaodan, Hellweger Ferdi L., Population Dynamics of Escherichia coli in Surface Water1 : Population Dynamics of Escherichia coli in Surface Water, 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00528.x
  24. Byappanahalli M., Fowler M., Shively D., Whitman R., Ubiquity and Persistence of Escherichia coli in a Midwestern Coastal Stream, 10.1128/aem.69.8.4549-4555.2003
  25. Canale Raymond P., Auer Martin T., Owens Emmet M., Heidtke Thomas M., Effler Steven W., Modeling fecal coliform bacteria—II. Model development and application, 10.1016/0043-1354(93)90180-p
  26. Modelling the coliforms inactivation rates in the Cantabrian sea (Bay of Biscay) From and laboratory determinations of T, 10.1016/0273-1223(95)00567-7
  27. Characklis Gregory W., Dilts Mackenzie J., Simmons Otto D., Likirdopulos Christina A., Krometis Leigh-Anne H., Sobsey Mark D., Microbial partitioning to settleable particles in stormwater, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.03.004
  28. Chin D.A., Journal of Environmental Engineering, 1, 304 (2011)
  29. D. A. Chin, D. Sakura-Lemessy, D. D. Bosch, P. A. Gay, Watershed-Scale Fate and Transport of Bacteria, 10.13031/2013.25955
  30. Cho Kyung Hwa, Cha Sung Min, Kang Joo-Hyon, Lee Seung Won, Park Yongeun, Kim Jung-Woo, Kim Joon Ha, Meteorological effects on the levels of fecal indicator bacteria in an urban stream: A modeling approach, 10.1016/j.watres.2009.12.051
  31. Cho Kyung Hwa, Pachepsky Y.A., Kim Joon Ha, Guber A.K., Shelton D.R., Rowland R., Release of Escherichia coli from the bottom sediment in a first-order creek: Experiment and reach-specific modeling, 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.07.033
  32. Cho Kyung Hwa, Pachepsky Yakov A., Kim Joon Ha, Kim Jung-Woo, Park Mi-Hyun, The modified SWAT model for predicting fecal coliforms in the Wachusett Reservoir Watershed, USA, 10.1016/j.watres.2012.05.057
  33. Christensen V.G., Characterization of surface-water quality based on real-time monitoring and regression analysis, Quivira National Wildlife Refuge, South-Central Kansas, December 1998 through June 2001 (2001)
  34. Christensen V.G., Water Science and Technology, 45, 205 (2002)
  35. Coffey R., Cummins E., Bhreathnach N., Flaherty V.O., Cormican M., Development of a pathogen transport model for Irish catchments using SWAT, 10.1016/j.agwat.2009.08.017
  36. Coffey Rory, Cummins Enda, O’ Flaherty Vincent, Cormican Martin, Pathogen Sources Estimation and Scenario Analysis Using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), 10.1080/10807039.2010.502051
  37. Collins Rob, Rutherford Kit, Modelling bacterial water quality in streams draining pastoral land, 10.1016/j.watres.2003.10.045
  38. Connolly John P., Blumberg Alan F., Quadrini James D., Modeling Fate of Pathogenic Organisms in Coastal Waters of Oahu, Hawaii, 10.1061/(asce)0733-9372(1999)125:5(398)
  39. Craig D.L., 2nd World Water Congress: Water and health-microbiology, monitoring and disinfection water science and technology: Water supply, 131 (2002)
  40. Craig D.L., Fallowfield H.J., Cromar N.J., Use of microcosms to determine persistence of Escherichia coli in recreational coastal water and sediment and validation with in situ measurements, 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2004.02243.x
  41. Crowther John, Kay David, Wyer Mark D., Relationships between microbial water quality and environmental conditions in coastal recreational waters: the fylde coast, UK, 10.1016/s0043-1354(01)00123-3
  42. Darakas Efthymios, 10.1023/a:1016313520396
  43. David Morgan M., Haggard Brian E., Development of Regression-Based Models to Predict Fecal Bacteria Numbers at Select Sites within the Illinois River Watershed, Arkansas and Oklahoma, USA, 10.1007/s11270-010-0497-7
  44. Davies C.M., Journal of Applied Microbiology, 70, 265 (1991)
  45. Davies C.M., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 61, 1888 (1995)
  46. Sunlight wavelengths inactivating faecal indicator microorganisms in waste stabilisation ponds, 10.1016/s0273-1223(97)00262-x
  47. de Brauwere Anouk, de Brye Benjamin, Servais Pierre, Passerat Julien, Deleersnijder Eric, Modelling Escherichia coli concentrations in the tidal Scheldt river and estuary, 10.1016/j.watres.2011.02.003
  48. de Brauwere Anouk, Deleersnijder Eric, Assessing the parameterisation of the settling flux in a depth-integrated model of the fate of decaying and sinking particles, with application to fecal bacteria in the Scheldt Estuary, 10.1007/s10652-009-9151-6
  49. de Brauwere Anouk, De Ridder Fjo, Pintelon Rik, Elskens Marc, Schoukens Johan, Baeyens Willy, Model selection through a statistical analysis of the minimum of a weighted least squares cost function, 10.1016/j.chemolab.2004.10.006
  50. de Brauwere A., Science of the Total Environment, 468 (2014)
  51. Desmarais T. R., Solo-Gabriele H. M., Palmer C. J., Influence of Soil on Fecal Indicator Organisms in a Tidally Influenced Subtropical Environment, 10.1128/aem.68.3.1165-1172.2002
  52. Dorevitch Samuel, Ashbolt Nicholas J., Ferguson Christobel M., Fujioka Roger, McGee Charles D., Soller Jeffrey A., Whitman Richard L., Meeting Report: Knowledge and Gaps in Developing Microbial Criteria 
for Inland Recreational Waters, 10.1289/ehp.0901627
  53. Dorner Sarah M., Anderson William B., Slawson Robin M., Kouwen Nicholas, Huck Peter M., Hydrologic Modeling of Pathogen Fate and Transport, 10.1021/es060426z
  54. Droppo I.G., Krishnappan B.G., Liss S.N., Marvin C., Biberhofer J., Modelling sediment-microbial dynamics in the South Nation River, Ontario, Canada: Towards the prediction of aquatic and human health risk, 10.1016/j.watres.2011.04.032
  55. Easton John H., Gauthier Joseph J., Lalor Melinda M., Pitt Robert E., DIE-OFF OF PATHOGENIC E. COLI O157:H7 IN SEWAGE CONTAMINATED WATERS, 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2005.tb03793.x
  56. Edberg S.C., Rice E.W., Karlin R.J., Allen M.J., Escherichia coli: the best biological drinking water indicator for public health protection, 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2000.tb05338.x
  57. Eleria Anna, Vogel Richard M., PREDICTING FECAL COLIFORM BACTERIA LEVELS IN THE CHARLES RIVER, MASSACHUSETTS, USA, 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2005.tb03794.x
  58. Elshorbagy Amin, Ormsbee Lindell, Object-oriented modeling approach to surface water quality management, 10.1016/j.envsoft.2005.02.001
  59. Elshorbagy Amin, Assessment of pathogen pollution in watersheds using object-oriented modeling and probabilistic analysis, 10.2166/jh.2006.012
  60. Enzinger R.M., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 31, 758 (1976)
  61. EU, Official Journal of the European Union, 64, 37 (2006)
  62. Evison L.M., Water Science and Technology, 20, 309 (1988)
  63. Feachem R., An improved role for faecal coliform to faecal streptococci ratios in the differentiation between human and non-human pollution sources, 10.1016/0043-1354(75)90178-5
  64. Ferguson C., Journal American Water Works Association, 95, 92 (2003)
  65. Ferguson Christobel, Husman Ana Maria de Roda, Altavilla Nanda, Deere Daniel, Ashbolt Nicholas, Fate and Transport of Surface Water Pathogens in Watersheds, 10.1080/10643380390814497
  66. Ferguson Christobel M., Charles Katrina, Deere Daniel A., Quantification of Microbial Sources in Drinking-Water Catchments, 10.1080/10643380701413294
  67. Ferguson Christobel M., Coote Brian G., Ashbolt Nicholas J., Stevenson Iain M., Relationships between indicators, pathogens and water quality in an estuarine system, 10.1016/0043-1354(96)00079-6
  68. Ferguson C. M., Davies C. M., Kaucner C., Ashbolt N. J., Krogh M., Rodehutskors J., Deere D. A., Field scale quantification of microbial transport from bovine faeces under simulated rainfall events, 10.2166/wh.2006.050
  69. Fiandrino A., Martin Y., Got P., Bonnefont J.L., Troussellier M., Bacterial contamination of Mediterranean coastal seawater as affected by riverine inputs: simulation approach applied to a shellfish breeding area (Thau lagoon, France), 10.1016/s0043-1354(02)00573-0
  70. Field Katharine G., Samadpour Mansour, Fecal source tracking, the indicator paradigm, and managing water quality, 10.1016/j.watres.2007.06.056
  71. Fletcher M., Bacterial ahesion: Molecular and ecological diversity (1996)
  72. Flint K. P., The long-term survival ofEscherichia coliin river water, 10.1111/j.1365-2672.1987.tb04945.x
  73. Francy Donna S., Use of predictive models and rapid methods to nowcast bacteria levels at coastal beaches, 10.1080/14634980902905767
  74. Francy D.S., Models for predicting recreational water quality at Lake Erie beaches (2006)
  75. Francy D.S., Escherichia coli at Ohio bathing beaches distribution, sources, wastewater indicators, and predictive modeling (2003)
  76. Francy D. S., Stelzer E. A., Duris J. W., Brady A. M. G., Harrison J. H., Johnson H. E., Ware M. W., Predictive Models for Escherichia coli Concentrations at Inland Lake Beaches and Relationship of Model Variables to Pathogen Detection, 10.1128/aem.02995-12
  77. Fraser Robert H., Barten Paul K., Pinney David A. K., Predicting Stream Pathogen Loading from Livestock using a Geographical Information System-Based Delivery Model, 10.2134/jeq1998.00472425002700040030x
  78. Frick Walter E., Ge Zhongfu, Zepp Richard G., Nowcasting and Forecasting Concentrations of Biological Contaminants at Beaches: A Feasibility and Case Study, 10.1021/es703185p
  79. Fries J. Stephen, Characklis Gregory W., Noble Rachel T., Attachment of Fecal Indicator Bacteria to Particles in the Neuse River Estuary, N.C., 10.1061/(asce)0733-9372(2006)132:10(1338)
  80. Gao Guanghai, Falconer Roger A., Lin Binliang, Numerical modelling of sediment–bacteria interaction processes in surface waters, 10.1016/j.watres.2010.12.030
  81. Garcia-Armisen T., Thouvenin B., Servais P., Modelling faecal coliforms dynamics in the Seine estuary, France, 10.2166/wst.2006.466
  82. P. W. Gassman, M. R. Reyes, C. H. Green, J. G. Arnold, The Soil and Water Assessment Tool: Historical Development, Applications, and Future Research Directions, 10.13031/2013.23637
  83. Ge Zhongfu, Frick Walter E., Some statistical issues related to multiple linear regression modeling of beach bacteria concentrations, 10.1016/j.envres.2006.11.006
  84. Ge Zhongfu, Frick Walter E., Time-Frequency Analysis of Beach Bacteria Variations and its Implication for Recreational Water Quality Modeling, 10.1021/es8024116
  85. Ge Zhongfu, Whitman Richard L., Nevers Meredith B., Phanikumar Mantha S., Byappanahalli Muruleedhara N., Nearshore hydrodynamics as loading and forcing factors forEscherichia colicontamination at an embayed beach, 10.4319/lo.2012.57.1.0362
  86. Geldreich Edwin E., Litsky Warren, Fecal coliform and fecal streptococcus density relationships in waste discharges and receiving waters, 10.1080/10643387609381645
  87. George I, Fecal coliform removal in wastewater treatment plants studied by plate counts and enzymatic methods, 10.1016/s0043-1354(01)00475-4
  88. Gonz�lez Juan M., Modelling enteric bacteria survival in aquatic systems, 10.1007/bf00016892
  89. Grant S.B., Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 110 (2005)
  90. Harmel R.D., Rossi C.G., Dybala T., Arnold J., Potter K., Wolfe J., Hoffman D., Conservation Effects Assessment Project research in the Leon River and Riesel watersheds, 10.2489/jswc.63.6.453
  91. Harris E.L., Falconer R.A., Lin B., Modelling hydroenvironmental and health risk assessment parameters along the South Wales Coast, 10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.05.010
  92. Havelaar A., Water quality: Guidelines, standards and health. World Health Organization Water Series (2001)
  93. Haydon S., Deletic A., Development of a coupled pathogen-hydrologic catchment model, 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.12.033
  94. Haydon S., Deletic A., Sensitivity testing of a coupled Escherichia coli – Hydrologic catchment model, 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.02.037
  95. He Li-Ming (Lee), He Zhen-Li, Water quality prediction of marine recreational beaches receiving watershed baseflow and stormwater runoff in southern California, USA, 10.1016/j.watres.2008.01.002
  96. Heberger Matthew G., Durant John L., Oriel Kimberly A., Kirshen Paul H., Minardi Lee, Combining Real-Time Bacteria Models and Uncertainty Analysis for Establishing Health Advisories for Recreational Waters, 10.1061/(asce)0733-9496(2008)134:1(73)
  97. Hellweger F.L., Ensemble modeling of in the Charles River, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 10.2166/wst.2007.588
  98. Hellweger Ferdi L., Bucci Vanni, A bunch of tiny individuals—Individual-based modeling for microbes, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2008.09.004
  99. Hellweger Ferdi L., Masopust Petr, Investigating the Fate and Transport ofEscherichia coliin the Charles River, Boston, Using High-Resolution Observation and Modeling1, 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00179.x
  100. Hendricks C.W., Applied Microbiology, 24, 168 (1972)
  101. Hendricks C, Multiplication and growth of selected enteric bacteria in clear mountain stream water, 10.1016/0043-1354(67)90039-5
  102. Hipsey Matthew R., Antenucci Jason P., Brookes Justin D., A generic, process-based model of microbial pollution in aquatic systems : MICROBIAL POLLUTION IN AQUATIC SYSTEMS, 10.1029/2007wr006395
  103. Hipsey Matthew R., Antenucci Jason P., Brookes Justin D., Burch Michael D., Regel Rudi H., Linden Leon, A three dimensional model ofCryptosporidiumdynamics in lakes and reservoirs: A new tool for risk management, 10.1080/15715124.2004.9635231
  104. Horman A., Rimhanen-Finne R., Maunula L., von Bonsdorff C.-H., Torvela N., Heikinheimo A., Hanninen M.-L., Campylobacter spp., Giardia spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Noroviruses, and Indicator Organisms in Surface Water in Southwestern Finland, 2000-2001, 10.1128/aem.70.1.87-95.2004
  105. Hou Deyi, Rabinovici Sharyl J. M., Boehm Alexandria B., Enterococci Predictions from Partial Least Squares Regression Models in Conjunction with a Single-Sample Standard Improve the Efficacy of Beach Management Advisories, 10.1021/es0515250
  106. Im Sangjun, Brannan Kevin M., Mostaghimi Saied, Cho Jaepil, Simulating Fecal Coliform Bacteria Loading from an Urbanizing Watershed, 10.1081/ese-120027732
  107. Jakeman A.J., Letcher R.A., Norton J.P., Ten iterative steps in development and evaluation of environmental models, 10.1016/j.envsoft.2006.01.004
  108. Jamieson R., Gordon R., Joy D., Lee H., Assessing microbial pollution of rural surface waters, 10.1016/j.agwat.2004.05.006
  109. JAMIESON R, JOY D, LEE H, KOSTASCHUK R, GORDON R, Transport and deposition of sediment-associated in natural streams, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.04.040
  110. Jamieson Rob C., Joy Douglas M., Lee H., Kostaschuk R., Gordon Robert J., Resuspension of Sediment-Associated in a Natural Stream, 10.2134/jeq2005.0581
  111. Jenkins A., Water Science and Technology, 16, 453 (1984)
  112. Jin G., Englande A. J., Liu A., A Preliminary Study on Coastal Water Quality Monitoring and Modeling, 10.1081/ese-120016909
  114. Kashefipour S. M., Lin B., Falconer R. A., Neural networks for predicting seawater bacterial levels, 10.1680/wama.2005.158.3.111
  115. Kashefipour S.M., Lin B., Falconer R.A., Modelling the fate of faecal indicators in a coastal basin, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.12.046
  116. Kashefipour S.M, Lin B, Harris E, Falconer R.A, Hydro-environmental modelling for bathing water compliance of an estuarine basin, 10.1016/s0043-1354(01)00396-7
  117. Kay David, Bartram Jamie, Prüss Annette, Ashbolt Nick, Wyer Mark D., Fleisher Jay M., Fewtrell Lorna, Rogers Alan, Rees Gareth, Derivation of numerical values for the World Health Organization guidelines for recreational waters, 10.1016/j.watres.2003.11.032
  118. Kay D., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 46, 611 (1983)
  119. Kay David, Wyer Mark, Crowther John, Stapleton Carl, Bradford Michael, McDonald Adrian, Greaves Jon, Francis Carol, Watkins John, Predicting faecal indicator fluxes using digital land use data in the UK's sentinel Water Framework Directive catchment: The Ribble study, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.07.006
  120. Kelsey H., Porter D.E., Scott G., Neet M., White D., Using geographic information systems and regression analysis to evaluate relationships between land use and fecal coliform bacterial pollution, 10.1016/s0022-0981(03)00359-9
  121. Kim Joon Ha, Grant Stanley B., McGee Charles D., Sanders Brett F., Largier John L., Locating Sources of Surf Zone Pollution:  A Mass Budget Analysis of Fecal Indicator Bacteria at Huntington Beach, California, 10.1021/es034831r
  122. Kim Jung-Woo, Pachepsky Yakov A., Shelton Daniel R., Coppock Cary, Effect of streambed bacteria release on E. coli concentrations: Monitoring and modeling with the modified SWAT, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.03.005
  123. Lancelot C., Hannon E., Becquevort S., Veth C., De Baar H.J.W., Modeling phytoplankton blooms and carbon export production in the Southern Ocean: dominant controls by light and iron in the Atlantic sector in Austral spring 1992, 10.1016/s0967-0637(00)00005-4
  124. Leclerc H., Mossel D. A. A., Edberg S. C., Struijk C. B., Advances in the Bacteriology of the Coliform Group: Their Suitability as Markers of Microbial Water Safety, 10.1146/annurev.micro.55.1.201
  125. Le Hir P., La Mer et les Rejets Urbains. IFREMER, Actes de Colloques, Bendor, 205 (1990)
  126. Lemarchand Karine, Masson Luke, Brousseau Roland, Molecular Biology and DNA Microarray Technology for Microbial Quality Monitoring of Water, 10.1080/10408410490435142
  127. Lessard E.J., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 45, 950 (1983)
  128. Lin B., Water Science and Technology, 48, 225 (2003)
  129. Lin B., Syed M., Falconer R.A., Predicting faecal indicator levels in estuarine receiving waters – An integrated hydrodynamic and ANN modelling approach, 10.1016/j.envsoft.2007.09.009
  130. Liu Lubo, Phanikumar Mantha S., Molloy Stephanie L., Whitman Richard L., Shively Dawn A., Nevers Meredith B., Schwab David J., Rose Joan B., Modeling the Transport and Inactivation ofE. coliand Enterococci in the Near-Shore Region of Lake Michigan, 10.1021/es060438k
  131. Liu Wen-Cheng, Huang Wei-Cher, Modeling the transport and distribution of fecal coliform in a tidal estuary, 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.05.016
  132. Lucas F., Gonçalves A., Servais P., Rocher V., Masnada S., Therial C., Lesage L., Mouchel J.M., Variabilité de la qualité microbiologique des eaux usées brutes dans une grande agglomération, 10.1051/tsm/201204044
  133. Manache Gemma, Melching Charles S., Lanyon Richard, Calibration of a Continuous Simulation Fecal Coliform Model Based on Historical Data Analysis, 10.1061/(asce)0733-9372(2007)133:7(681)
  134. Mancini J.L., Journal of Water Pollution Control Federation, 50, 2477 (1978)
  135. Marrasé C, Lim EL, Caron DA, Seasonal and daily changes in bacterivory in a coastal plankton community , 10.3354/meps082281
  137. McCarthy D.T., Hathaway J.M., Hunt W.F., Deletic A., Intra-event variability of Escherichia coli and total suspended solids in urban stormwater runoff, 10.1016/j.watres.2012.01.006
  138. McCorquodale J Alex, Georgiou Ioannis, Carnelos Susanne, Englande Andrew J, Modeling coliforms in storm water plumes, 10.1139/s03-055
  139. McFeters G.A., Applied Microbiology, 24, 805 (1972)
  140. McLellan S.L., Salmore A.K., Evidence for localized bacterial loading as the cause of chronic beach closings in a freshwater marina, 10.1016/s0043-1354(03)00068-x
  141. McManus George B., Fuhrman Jed A., Control of marine bacterioplankton populations: Measurement and significance of grazing, 10.1007/bf00007367
  142. Meays Cynthia L., Broersma Klaas, Nordin Rick, Mazumder Asit, Source tracking fecal bacteria in water: a critical review of current methods, 10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.06.001
  143. Survival of cryptosporidium parvum, escherichia coli, faecal enterococci and clostridium perfringens in river water: influence of temperature and autochthonous microorganisms, 10.1016/s0273-1223(97)00267-9
  144. Medema G.J., Water Science and Technology, 47, 241 (2003)
  145. Medema G.J, Schijven J.F, Modelling the sewage discharge and dispersion of cryptosporidium and giardia in surface water, 10.1016/s0043-1354(01)00161-0
  146. Menon Patricia, Billen Gilles, Servais Pierre, Mortality rates of autochthonous and fecal bacteria in natural aquatic ecosystems, 10.1016/s0043-1354(03)00349-x
  147. Miyanaga Kazuhiko, Hijikata Tomonori, Furukawa Chiaki, Unno Hajime, Tanji Yasunori, Detection of Escherichia coli in the sewage influent by fluorescent labeled T4 phage, 10.1016/j.bej.2005.03.016
  148. Moore D.F., Harwood V.J., Ferguson D.M., Lukasik J., Hannah P., Getrich M., Brownell M., Evaluation of antibiotic resistance analysis and ribotyping for identification of faecal pollution sources in an urban watershed, 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2005.02612.x
  149. Mott Joanna, Smith Amanda, Library-Dependent Source Tracking Methods, Microbial Source Tracking: Methods, Applications, and Case Studies (2011) ISBN:9781441993854 p.31-59, 10.1007/978-1-4419-9386-1_3
  150. Neitsch S.L., Soil and water assessment tool. Theoretical documentation. Version 2005 (2005)
  151. Nevers Meredith B., Shively Dawn A., Kleinheinz Gregory T., McDermott Colleen M., Schuster William, Chomeau Vinni, Whitman Richard L., Geographic Relatedness and Predictability of along a Peninsular Beach Complex of Lake Michigan, 10.2134/jeq2009.0008
  152. Nevers Meredith B., Whitman Richard L., Nowcast modeling of Escherichia coli concentrations at multiple urban beaches of southern Lake Michigan, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.10.012
  153. Nevers Meredith B., Whitman Richard L., Coastal Strategies to Predict Escherichia coli Concentrations for Beaches along a 35 km Stretch of Southern Lake Michigan, 10.1021/es703038c
  154. Nevers Meredith B., Whitman Richard L., Efficacy of monitoring and empirical predictive modeling at improving public health protection at Chicago beaches, 10.1016/j.watres.2010.12.010
  155. Nevers Meredith B., Whitman Richard L., Frick Walter E., Ge Zhongfu, Interaction and Influence of Two Creeks on Concentrations of Nearby Beaches: Exploration of Predictability and Mechanisms, 10.2134/jeq2007.0025
  156. Noble R.T., Lee I.M., Schiff K.C., Inactivation of indicator micro-organisms from various sources of faecal contamination in seawater and freshwater, 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2004.02155.x
  157. Oliver David M., Clegg Christopher D., Heathwaite A. Louise, Haygarth Philip M., Preferential Attachment of Escherichia coli to Different Particle Size Fractions of an Agricultural Grassland Soil, 10.1007/s11270-007-9451-8
  158. Olyphant Greg A., Statistical basis for predicting the need for bacterially induced beach closures: Emergence of a paradigm?, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.09.031
  159. Olyphant Greg A., Thomas Judith, Whitman Richard L., Harper Denver, 10.1023/a:1021345512203
  160. Olyphant Greg A., Whitman Richard L., Elements of a Predictive Model for Determining Beach Closures on a Real Time Basis: The Case of 63rd Street Beach Chicago, 10.1023/b:emas.0000038185.79137.b9
  161. Ouattara Nouho Koffi, Passerat Julien, Servais Pierre, Faecal contamination of water and sediment in the rivers of the Scheldt drainage network, 10.1007/s10661-011-1918-9
  162. Ouattara Nouho Koffi, de Brauwere Anouk, Billen Gilles, Servais Pierre, Modelling faecal contamination in the Scheldt drainage network, 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.05.004
  163. Pachepsky Y.A., Sadeghi A.M., Bradford S.A., Shelton D.R., Guber A.K., Dao T., Transport and fate of manure-borne pathogens: Modeling perspective, 10.1016/j.agwat.2006.06.010
  164. Pachepsky Y. A., Shelton D. R., Escherichia Coliand Fecal Coliforms in Freshwater and Estuarine Sediments, 10.1080/10643380903392718
  165. P. B. Parajuli, K. R. Douglas-Mankin, P. L. Barnes, C. G. Rossi, Fecal Bacteria Source Characterization and Sensitivity Analysis of SWAT 2005, 10.13031/2013.29213
  166. Parajuli P.B., Mankin K.R., Barnes P.L., Applicability of targeting vegetative filter strips to abate fecal bacteria and sediment yield using SWAT, 10.1016/j.agwat.2008.05.006
  167. Parajuli Prem B., Mankin Kyle R., Barnes Philip L., Source specific fecal bacteria modeling using soil and water assessment tool model, 10.1016/j.biortech.2008.06.045
  168. Parkhurst David F., Brenner Kristen P., Dufour Alfred P., Wymer Larry J., Indicator bacteria at five swimming beaches—analysis using random forests, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.01.001
  169. Passerat Julien, Ouattara Nouho Koffi, Mouchel Jean-Marie, Vincent Rocher, Servais Pierre, Impact of an intense combined sewer overflow event on the microbiological water quality of the Seine River, 10.1016/j.watres.2010.09.024
  170. Petersen Christina M., Rifai Hanadi S., Stein Ronald, Bacteria Load Estimator Spreadsheet Tool for Modeling Spatial Escherichia coli Loads to an Urban Bayou, 10.1061/(asce)0733-9372(2009)135:4(203)
  171. Rasmussen P.P., Comparison and continuous estimates of fecal coliform and Escherichia coli bacteria in selected Kansas Streams, May 1999 through April 2002 (2003)
  172. Rehmann Chris R., Soupir Michelle L., Importance of interactions between the water column and the sediment for microbial concentrations in streams, 10.1016/j.watres.2009.06.049
  173. Riou P., Le Saux J.C., Dumas F., Caprais M.P., Le Guyader S.F., Pommepuy M., Microbial impact of small tributaries on water and shellfish quality in shallow coastal areas, 10.1016/j.watres.2007.03.003
  174. Rippy M.A., Franks P.J.S., Feddersen F., Guza R.T., Moore D.F., Factors controlling variability in nearshore fecal pollution: The effects of mortality, 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.09.003
  175. Rippy M.A., Franks P.J.S., Feddersen F., Guza R.T., Moore D.F., Physical dynamics controlling variability in nearshore fecal pollution: Fecal indicator bacteria as passive particles, 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.09.030
  176. Rodrigues Marta, Oliveira Anabela, Guerreiro Martha, Fortunato André Bustorff, Menaia José, David Luís Mesquita, Cravo Alexandra, Modeling fecal contamination in the Aljezur coastal stream (Portugal), 10.1007/s10236-011-0392-9
  177. Romeiro Neyva M.L., Castro Rigoberto G.S., Cirilo Eliandro R., Natti Paulo L., Local calibration of coliforms parameters of water quality problem at Igapó I Lake, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2011.03.018
  178. Roper MM, Marshall KC, Biological Control Agents of Sewage Bacteria in Marine Habitats, 10.1071/mf9780335
  179. Roper Margaret M., Marshall K. C., Effects of a clay mineral on microbial predation and parasitism ofEscherichia coli, 10.1007/bf02013272
  180. Roper Margaret M., Marshall K. C., Effects of salinity on sedimentation and of participates on survival of bacteria in estuarine habitats, 10.1080/01490457909377727
  181. Rose Joan B., Dickson Linda J., Farrah Samuel R., Carnahan Robert P., Removal of pathogenic and indicator microorganisms by a full-scale water reclamation facility, 10.1016/s0043-1354(96)00188-1
  182. Rose J.B., Reduction of pathogens, indicator bacteria, and alternative indicators by wastewater treatment and reclamation processes, WERF final report (2004)
  183. Roslev Peter, Bastholm Søren, Iversen Niels, Relationship Between Fecal Indicators in Sediment and Recreational Waters in a Danish Estuary, 10.1007/s11270-008-9715-y
  184. Sanders Brett F., Arega Feleke, Sutula Martha, Modeling the dry-weather tidal cycling of fecal indicator bacteria in surface waters of an intertidal wetland, 10.1016/j.watres.2005.06.004
  185. Sanders RW, Caron DA, Berninger U G, Relationships between bacteria and heterotrophic nanoplankton in marine and fresh waters: an inter-ecosystem comparison , 10.3354/meps086001
  186. Scott T. M., Rose J. B., Jenkins T. M., Farrah S. R., Lukasik J., Microbial Source Tracking: Current Methodology and Future Directions, 10.1128/aem.68.12.5796-5803.2002
  187. The influence of environmental factors on microbiological indicators of coastal water pollution, 10.1016/s0273-1223(98)00825-7
  188. Servais P., La contamination microbienne du bassin de la Seine (2009)
  189. Servais P., Billen G., Goncalves A., Garcia-Armisen T., Modelling microbiological water quality in the Seine river drainage network: past, present and future situations, 10.5194/hess-11-1581-2007
  190. Servais P., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 49, 1448 (1985)
  191. Servais Pierre, Garcia-Armisen Tamara, George Isabelle, Billen Gilles, Fecal bacteria in the rivers of the Seine drainage network (France): Sources, fate and modelling, 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.12.010
  192. Servais Pierre, Gosselain Véronique, Joaquim-Justo Célia, Becquevort Sylvie, Thomé Jean Pierre, Descy Jean Pierre, Trophic relationships between planktonic microorganisms in the river Meuse (Belgium): a carbon budget, 10.1127/archiv-hydrobiol/149/2000/625
  193. Shen Jian, Jia Jian-Jun, Sisson G. McAllister, Inverse estimation of nonpoint sources of fecal coliform for establishing allowable load for Wye River, Maryland, 10.1016/j.watres.2006.07.035
  194. Siewicki T.C., Pullaro T., Pan W., McDaniel S., Glenn R., Stewart J., Models of total and presumed wildlife sources of fecal coliform bacteria in coastal ponds, 10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.12.010
  195. Sinton L. W., Hall C. H., Lynch P. A., Davies-Colley R. J., Sunlight Inactivation of Fecal Indicator Bacteria and Bacteriophages from Waste Stabilization Pond Effluent in Fresh and Saline Waters, 10.1128/aem.68.3.1122-1131.2002
  196. Skraber S, Gantzer C, Maul A, Schwartzbrod L, Fates of bacteriophages and bacterial indicators in the Moselle river (France), 10.1016/s0043-1354(02)00063-5
  197. Smith Jonathan H., Wickham James D., Norton Douglas, Wade Tim G., Jones K. Bruce, UTILIZATION OF LANDSCAPE INDICATORS TO MODEL POTENTIAL PATHOGEN IMPAIRED WATERS1, 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2001.tb05513.x
  198. Stapleton C.M., Fate and transport of of particles in estuaries, Vol. IV: Numerical modelling for bathing water enterococci estimation in the Severn estuary (2007)
  199. Steets B.M., Holden P.A., A mechanistic model of runoff-associated fecal coliform fate and transport through a coastal lagoon, 10.1016/s0043-1354(02)00312-3
  200. Stidson R. T., Gray C. A., McPhail C. D., Development and use of modelling techniques for real-time bathing water quality predictions : Development and use of modelling techniques, 10.1111/j.1747-6593.2011.00258.x
  201. Stretch Derek, Mardon David, A simplified model of pathogenic pollution for managing beaches, 10.4314/wsa.v31i1.5120
  202. Tallon Pam, Magajna Brenda, Lofranco Cassandra, Leung Kam Tin, Microbial Indicators of Faecal Contamination in Water: A Current Perspective, 10.1007/s11270-005-7905-4
  203. A. Teague, R. Karthikeyan, M. Babbar-Sebens, R. Srinivasan, R. A. Persyn, Spatially Explicit Load Enrichment Calculation Tool to Identify Potential E. coli Sources in Watersheds, 10.13031/2013.27788
  204. Thupaki Pramod, Phanikumar Mantha S., Beletsky Dmitry, Schwab David J., Nevers Meredith B., Whitman Richard L., Budget Analysis ofEscherichia coliat a Southern Lake Michigan Beach, 10.1021/es902232a
  205. Tian Yong Q., Gong Peng, Radke John D., Scarborough James, Spatial and Temporal Modeling of Microbial Contaminants on Grazing Farmlands, 10.2134/jeq2002.0860
  206. Turner Andrew, Martino Manuela, Le Roux Sophie M., Trace Metal Distribution Coefficients in the Mersey Estuary, UK:  Evidence for Salting out of Metal Complexes, 10.1021/es020075y
  207. USEPA, Agency, USEP (1986)
  208. USEPA, Compendium of tools for watershed assessment and TMDL development (1997)
  209. USEPA, Handbook for developing watershed TMDLs (draft) (2008)
  210. van der Steen P., Water Science and Technology, 42, 363 (2000)
  211. Vergeynst L., Modeling pathogen fate in stormwaters by a particle-pathogen interaction model using population balances (2010)
  212. Vinten Andrew J.A, Lewis D.R, McGechan M, Duncan A, Aitken M, Hill C, Crawford C, Predicting the effect of livestock inputs of E. coli on microbiological compliance of bathing waters, 10.1016/j.watres.2004.04.033
  213. Jr F. Russell Walker, Stedinger Jery R., Fate and Transport Model ofCRYPTOSPORIDIUM, 10.1061/(asce)0733-9372(1999)125:4(325)
  215. Wiggins B.A., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 65, 3483 (1999)
  216. Wilkinson Jeremy, Jenkins Alan, Wyer Mark, Kay David, Modelling faecal coliform dynamics in streams and rivers, 10.1016/0043-1354(94)00211-o
  217. Wu Jianyong, Rees Paula, Storrer Sara, Alderisio Kerri, Dorner Sarah, Fate and Transport Modeling of Potential Pathogens: The Contribution From Sediments, 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00287.x
  218. Wu Yan, Falconer Roger, Lin Binliang, Modelling trace metal concentration distributions in estuarine waters, 10.1016/j.ecss.2005.04.005
  219. Wuertz Stefan, Wang Dan, Reischer Georg H., Farnleitner Andreas H., Library-Independent Bacterial Source Tracking Methods, Microbial Source Tracking: Methods, Applications, and Case Studies (2011) ISBN:9781441993854 p.61-112, 10.1007/978-1-4419-9386-1_4
  220. Xu Huai -Shu, Roberts N., Singleton F. L., Attwell R. W., Grimes D. J., Colwell R. R., Survival and viability of nonculturableEscherichia coli andVibrio cholerae in the estuarine and marine environment, 10.1007/bf02010671
  221. Xu P, Non-steady-state modelling of faecal coliform removal in deep tertiary lagoons, 10.1016/s0043-1354(01)00534-6
  222. Yang L., Lin B., Falconer R. A., Modelling enteric bacteria level in coastal and estuarine waters, 10.1680/eacm.2008.161.4.179
  223. Yaziz M.I., Journal of Applied Microbiology, 46, 131 (1979)
  224. Zhu Xiaofang, Wang John D., Solo-Gabriele Helena M., Fleming Lora E., A water quality modeling study of non-point sources at recreational marine beaches, 10.1016/j.watres.2011.03.015