User menu

Arbuscular mycorrhiza on root-organ cultures

Bibliographic reference Fortin, André, J. ; Becard, Guillaume ; Declerck, Stephan ; Dalpe, Yolande ; St-Arnaud, Marc ; et. al. Arbuscular mycorrhiza on root-organ cultures. In: Canadian Journal of Botany, Vol. 80, no. 1, p. 1-20 (2002)
Permanent URL
  1. Addy H.D., Boswell E.P., Koide R.T., Low temperature acclimation and freezing resistance of extraradical VA mycorrhizal hyphae, 10.1017/s0953756297005376
  2. Adholeya A., Biotropia, 10, 63 (1997)
  3. Azcón R., Germination and hyphal growth of Glomus mosseae in vitro: Effects of rhizosphere bacteria and cell-free culture media, 10.1016/0038-0717(87)90032-0
  4. Azcón R., Selective interaction between free-living rhizosphere bacteria and vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, 10.1016/0038-0717(89)90057-6
  5. Azcon-Aguilar Concepcion, Diaz-Rodriguez Rosa M., Barea Jose-Miguel, Effect of soil micro-organisms on spore germination and growth of the vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae, 10.1016/s0007-1536(86)80168-1
  6. BAGO B., VIERHEILIG H., PICHE Y., AZCON-AGUILAR C., Nitrate depletion and pH changes induced by the extraradical mycelium of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices grown in monoxenic culture, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1996.tb01894.x
  7. Bago Berta, Azcon-Aguilar Concepcion, Piche Yves, Architecture and Developmental Dynamics of the External Mycelium of the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Glomus intraradices Grown under Monoxenic Conditions, 10.2307/3761011
  8. BAGO B., AZCON-AGUILAR C., GOULET A., PICHE Y., Branched absorbing structures (BAS): a feature of the extraradical mycelium of symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1998.00199.x
  9. Bago B., Zipfel W., Williams R. M., Chamberland H., Lafontaine J. G., Webb W. W., Pich� Y., In vivo studies on the nuclear behavior of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungusGigaspora rosea grown under axenic conditions, 10.1007/bf01280582
  10. BAGO BERTA, BENTIVENGA STEPHEN P., BRENAC VIRGINIE, DODD JOHN C., PICHE YVES, SIMON LUC, Molecular analysis of Gigaspora (Glomales, Gigasporaceae), 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1998.00212.x
  11. Bago B., Zipfel W., Williams R. M., Piché Y., Nuclei of symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as revealed by in vivo two-photon microscopy, 10.1007/bf01415703
  12. Bago Berta, Pfeffer Philip E., Douds David D., Brouillette Janine, Bécard Guillaume, Shachar-Hill Yair, Carbon Metabolism in Spores of the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal FungusGlomus intraradicesas Revealed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, 10.1104/pp.121.1.263
  13. Balaji Boovaraghan, Ba Amadou M., LaRue Thomas A., Tepfer David, Piché Yves, Pisum sativum mutants insensitive to nodulation are also insensitive to invasion in vitro by the mycorrhizal fungus, Gigaspora margarita, 10.1016/0168-9452(94)90038-8
  14. Balaji Boovaraghan, Poulin Marie Josée, Vierheilig Horst, Piché Yves, Responses of an Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus, Gigaspora margarita, to Exudates and Volatiles from the Ri T-DNA-Transformed Roots of Nonmycorrhizal and Mycorrhizal Mutants of Pisum sativum L Sparkle, 10.1006/emyc.1995.1034
  15. BECARD G., FORTIN J. A., Early events of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on Ri T-DNA transformed roots, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1988.tb03698.x
  16. Bécard G., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 55, 2320 (1989)
  17. BECARD G., PICHE Y., New aspects on the acquisition of biotrophic status by a vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Gigaspora margarita, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1989.tb00311.x
  18. Bécard G., Piché Y., Physiological factors determining vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal formation in host and nonhost Ri T-DNA transformed roots, 10.1139/b90-160
  19. Bécard G., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 58, 821 (1992)
  20. Becard Guillaume, Flavonoids Are Not Necessary Plant Signal Compounds in Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbioses, 10.1094/mpmi-8-0252
  21. Beilby John P., Kidby Dennis K., The early synthesis of RNA, protein, and some associated metabolic events in germinating vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spores of Glomus caledonius, 10.1139/m82-093
  22. Bel Rhlid Rachid, Chabot Sylvie, Piché Yves, Chênevert Robert, Isolation and identification of flavonoids from Ri T-DNA-transformed roots (Daucus carota) and their significance in vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza, 10.1016/0031-9422(93)85092-6
  23. Benhamou Nicole, Resistance Responses of Mycorrhizal Ri T-DNA-Transformed Carrot Roots to Infection byFusarium oxysporumf. sp.chrysanthemi, 10.1094/phyto-84-958
  24. Bi Y.L., Mycosystema, 18, 164 (1999)
  25. Bianciotto V., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 62, 3005 (1996)
  26. Bianciotto V., Minerdi D., Perotto S., Bonfante P., Cellular interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and rhizosphere bacteria, 10.1007/bf01276640
  27. Boisson-Dernier Aurélien, Chabaud Mireille, Garcia Fernand, Bécard Guillaume, Rosenberg Charles, Barker David G., Agrobacterium rhizogenes-Transformed Roots ofMedicago truncatulafor the Study of Nitrogen-Fixing and Endomycorrhizal Symbiotic Associations, 10.1094/mpmi.2001.14.6.695
  28. BONFANTE PAOLA, PEROTTO SILVIA, Tansley Review No. 82. Strategies of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi when infecting host plants, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1995.tb01810.x
  29. Budi S. W., Gianinazzi S., Blal B., Surface-sterilization of Glomus mosseae sporocarps for studying endomycorrhization in vitro, 10.1007/s005720050001
  30. Buee M., Rossignol M., Jauneau A., Ranjeva R., Bécard G., The Pre-Symbiotic Growth of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Is Induced by a Branching Factor Partially Purified from Plant Root Exudates, 10.1094/mpmi.2000.13.6.693
  31. Bunting A. H., Horrocks J., An Improvement in the Raggio Technique for Obtaining Nodules on Excised Roots of Phaseolus vulgaris L. in Culture, 10.1093/aob/28.2.229
  32. Butcher D. N., Street H. E., Excised root culture, 10.1007/bf02858651
  33. Calvet C., Barea J.M., Pera J., In vitro interactions between the vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus glomus mosseae and some saprophytic fungi isolated from organic substrates, 10.1016/0038-0717(92)90252-s
  34. Catoira R., Four Genes of Medicago truncatula Controlling Components of a Nod Factor Transduction Pathway, 10.1105/tpc.12.9.1647
  35. Chabot S., Becard G., Piche Y., Life Cycle of Glomus intraradix in Root Organ Culture, 10.2307/3760183
  36. CHABOT S., BEL-RHLID R., CHENEVERT R., PICHE Y., Hyphal growth promotion in vitro of the VA mycorrhizal fungus, Gigaspora margarita Becker & Hall, by the activity of structurally specific flavonoid compounds under CO2-enriched conditions, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1992.tb00074.x
  37. Clapp J. P., Fitter A. H., Young J. P. W., Ribosomal small subunit sequence variation within spores of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Scutellospora sp., 10.1046/j.1365-294x.1999.00642.x
  38. Datnoff L.E., Nemec S., Pernezny K., Biological Control of Fusarium Crown and Root Rot of Tomato in Florida Using Trichoderma harzianum and Glomus intraradices, 10.1006/bcon.1995.1051
  39. DECLERCK S., ANGELO-VAN COPPENOLLE M. G., Cryopreservation of entrapped monoxenically produced spores of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus : RESEARCH Cryopreservation of entrapped monoxenic AMF spores, 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00740.x
  40. Declerck S., Strullu D.G., Plenchette C., In vitro mass-production of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus versiforme, associated with Ri T-DNA transformed carrot roots, 10.1016/s0953-7562(96)80186-9
  41. Declerck Stephane, Strullu Desire G., Plenchette Christian, Monoxenic Culture of the Intraradical Forms of Glomus sp. Isolated from a Tropical Ecosystem: A Proposed Methodology for Germplasm Collection, 10.2307/3761216
  42. Declerck Stephane, Cranenbrouck Sylvie, Dalpe Yolande, Seguin Sylvie, Grandmougin-Ferjani Anne, Fontaine Joel, Sancholle Michel, Glomus proliferum sp. nov.: A Description Based on Morphological, Biochemical, Molecular and Monoxenic Cultivation Data, 10.2307/3761485
  43. S. Declerck, D. D'or, S. Cranenbrouck, Boulengé Le, Modelling the sporulation dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in monoxenic culture, 10.1007/s005720100124
  44. de Souza Francisco Adriano, Berbara Ricardo Luis Louro, Ontogeny of Glomus clarum in Ri T-DNA Transformed Roots, 10.2307/3761379
  45. Diop T.A., Symbiosis, 12, 249 (1992)
  46. Diop T.A., Symbiosis, 17, 217 (1994)
  47. Douds Jr. David D., A procedure for the establishment of Glomus mosseae in dual culture with Ri T-DNA-transformed carrot roots, 10.1007/s005720050164
  48. DOUDS DAVID D., SCHENCK N. C., Cryopreservation of spores of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi*, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1990.tb00498.x
  49. DOUDS D. D., NAGAHASHI G., ABNEY G. D., The differential effects of cell wall-associated phenolics, cell walls, and cytosolic phenolics of host and non-host roots on the growth of two species of AM fungi, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1996.tb01896.x
  50. DOUDS, Jr. D. D., GALVEZ L., BECARD G., KAPULNIK Y., Regulation of arbuscular mycorrhizal development by plant host and fungus species in alfalfa, 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1998.00876.x
  51. Duc Gerard, Trouvelot Alain, Gianinazzi-Pearson Vivienne, Gianinazzi Silvio, First report of non-mycorrhizal plant mutants (Myc−) obtained in pea (Pisum sativum L.) and fababean (Vicia faba L.), 10.1016/0168-9452(89)90169-6
  52. Elias K.S., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 53, 1928 (1987)
  53. Elsen A., Declerck S., De Waele D., Effects of Glomus intraradices on the reproduction of the burrowing nematode ( Radopholus similis ) in dixenic culture, 10.1007/s005720100100
  54. Elmeskaoui Abdelmalek, Damont Jean-Pierre, Poulin Marie-Josée, Piché Yves, Desjardins Yves, A tripartite culture system for endomycorrhizal inoculation of micropropagated strawberry plantlets in vitro, 10.1007/bf00207403
  55. FILION M., ST-ARNAUD M., FORTIN J. A., Direct interaction between the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungusGlomus intraradicesand different rhizosphere microorganisms, 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1999.00366.x
  56. Forbes P.J., Millam S., Hooker J.E., Harrier L.A., Transformation of the arbuscular mycorrhiza Gigaspora rosea by particle bombardment, 10.1017/s0953756297005273
  58. Fracchia S., Mujica M.T., García-Romera I., García-Garrido J.M., Martín J., Ocampo J.A., Godeas A., 10.1023/a:1004349426315
  59. Furlan Valentin, Bartschi Henry, Fortin J.-Andre, Media for density gradient extraction of endomycorrhizal spores, 10.1016/s0007-1536(80)80102-1
  60. Gadkar Vijay, Adholeya Alok, Intraradical sporulation of AM Gigaspora margarita in long-term axenic cultivation in Ri T-DNA carrot root, 10.1017/s0953756299002312
  61. Gadkar Vijay, Adholeya Alok, Satyanarayana T., Randomly amplified polymorphic DNA using the M13 core sequence of the vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Gigaspora margarita and Gigaspora gigantea, 10.1139/m97-115
  62. Gemma J.N., Koske R.E., Pre-infection interactions between roots and the mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora gigantea: Chemotropism of germ-tubes and root growth response, 10.1016/s0007-1536(88)80013-5
  63. Gianinazzi-Pearson Vivienne, Dénarié Jean, Red carpet genetic programmes for root endosymbioses, 10.1016/s1360-1385(97)87120-8
  64. Gianinazzi-Pearson V., Symbiosis, 7, 243 (1989)
  65. GIOVANNETTI M., SBRANA C., AVIO L., CITERNESI A. S., LOGI C., Differential hyphal morphogenesis in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi during pre-infection stages, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1993.tb03907.x
  66. GIOVANNETTI MANUELA, SBRANA CRISTIANA, CITERNESI ANNA SILVIA, AVIO LUCIANO, Analysis of factors involved in fungal recognition responses to host-derived signals by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1996.tb04342.x
  67. Gryndler Milan, Hršelová Hana, Chvátalová Irena, Vosátka Miroslav, In vitro proliferation of Glomus fistulosum intraradical hyphae from mycorrhizal root segments of maize, 10.1017/s0953756297006060
  68. Hamel C., Nesser C., Barrantes-Cart�n U., Smith D. L., Endomycorrhizal fungal species mediate 15N transfer from soybean to maize in non-fumigated soil, 10.1007/bf00011806
  70. Hernández-Sebastià Cinta, Piché Yves, Desjardins Yves, Water relations of whole strawberry plantlets in vitro inoculated with Glomus intraradices in a tripartite culture system, 10.1016/s0168-9452(99)00014-x
  71. HERNÁNDEZ-SEBASTIÀ CINTA, SAMSON GUY, BERNIER PIERRE-YVES, PICHÉ YVES, DESJARDINS YVES, Glomus intraradices causes differential changes in amino acid and starch concentrations of in vitro strawberry subjected to water stress : RESEARCH Water stress in mycorrhizal strawberry plantlets in vitro, 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00744.x
  72. Hirsch Ann M., Kapulnik Yoram, Signal Transduction Pathways in Mycorrhizal Associations: Comparisons with theRhizobium–Legume Symbiosis, 10.1006/fgbi.1998.1046
  73. Howard P, Analysis of inter-sample distances from BIOLOG plate data in Euclidean and simplex spaces, 10.1016/s0038-0717(99)00055-3
  74. JOHANSEN A., JAKOBSEN I., JENSEN E. S., External hyphae of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Trifolium subterraneum L.. 3. Hyphal transport of 32P and 15N, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1993.tb03797.x
  75. Jolicoeur Mario, Germette Sophie, Gaudette Martin, Perrier Michel, Bécard Guillaume, Intracellular pH in Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi : A Symbiotic Physiological Marker, 10.1104/pp.116.4.1279
  76. Jolicoeur M., Williams R. D., Chavarie C., Fortin J. A., Archambault J., Production ofGlomus intraradices propagules, an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, in an airlift bioreactor, 10.1002/(sici)1097-0290(19990420)63:2<224::aid-bit11>;2-x
  77. Joner Erik J., Ravnskov Sabine, Jakobsen Iver, 10.1023/a:1005684031296
  78. Kaldorf Michael, Schmelzer Elmon, Bothe Hermann, Expression of Maize and Fungal Nitrate Reductase Genes in Arbuscular Mycorrhiza, 10.1094/mpmi.1998.11.6.439
  79. Karandashov V.E., Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 46, 87 (1999)
  80. Karandashov V., Kuzovkina Inna, Hawkins Heidi-Jayne, George Eckhard, Growth and sporulation of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus caledonium in dual culture with transformed carrot roots, 10.1007/s005720050283
  81. KOIDE R. T., KABIR Z., Extraradical hyphae of the mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices can hydrolyse organic phosphate : RESEARCH Glomus intraradices and organic P, 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00776.x
  82. Koske R.E., Multiple germination by spores of Gigaspora gigantea, 10.1016/s0007-1536(81)80156-8
  83. LEI J., BEARD G., CATFORD J. G., PICHE Y., Root factors stimulate 32P uptake and plasmalemma ATPase activity in vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Gigaspora margarita, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1991.tb00979.x
  84. Mathur N., Plant Cell Rep., 14, 735 (1995)
  85. Mathur Nishi, Vyas Anil, Improved Biomass Production, Nutrient Uptake and Establishment of In Vitro Raised Ziziphus mauritiana by VA Mycorrhiza, 10.1016/s0176-1617(99)80153-9
  86. Mayo Kathryn, Davis Robert E., Motta Jerome, Stimulation of Germination of Spores of Glomus versiforme by Spore-Associated Bacteria, 10.2307/3793046
  87. McAllister C.B., García-Romera I., Godeas A., Ocampo J.A., In vitro interactions between Trichoderma koningii, Fusarium solani and Glomus mosseae, 10.1016/0038-0717(94)90219-4
  88. McAllister C.B., Symbiosis, 20, 163 (1996)
  89. McGovern R., Proc. Fla. State Hortic. Soc., 105, 361 (1992)
  90. Mertz S.M., Heithaus J.J., Bush R.L., Mass production of axenic spores of the endomycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita, 10.1016/s0007-1536(79)80024-8
  91. Miller-Wideman M. A., Watrud L. S., Sporulation of Gigaspora margarita on root cultures of tomato, 10.1139/m84-095
  92. Morton Joseph B., Redecker Dirk, Two New Families of Glomales, Archaeosporaceae and Paraglomaceae, with Two New Genera Archaeospora and Paraglomus, Based on Concordant Molecular and Morphological Characters, 10.2307/3761615
  93. Mosse B., The Establishment of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhiza under Aseptic Conditions, 10.1099/00221287-27-3-509
  94. Mosse Barbara, Some studies relating to "independent" growth of vesicular–arbuscular endophytes, 10.1139/b88-345
  95. Mosse Barbara, Hepper Christine, Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal infections in root organ cultures, 10.1016/0048-4059(75)90088-0
  96. Mugnier J., Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Infection in Transformed Root-Inducing T-DNA Roots Grown Axenically, 10.1094/phyto-77-1045
  97. NAGAHASHI G., DOUDS, Jr D. D., Appressorium formation by AM fungi on isolated cell walls of carrot roots, 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1997.00739.x
  98. Nagahashi G., Douds Jr. D.D., 10.1023/a:1008938527757
  99. Nagahashi G., Douds Jr. D. D., Abney G. D., Phosphorus amendment inhibits hyphal branching of the VAM fungus Gigaspora margarita directly and indirectly through its effect on root exudation, 10.1007/s005720050139
  100. Nair M.G., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 57, 434 (1991)
  101. Nuutila A.M., Vestberg M., Kauppinen V., Infection of hairy roots of strawberry (Fragaria x Ananassa Duch.) with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, 10.1007/bf00232784
  102. Olsson PÃ¥l Axel, Signature fatty acids provide tools for determination of the distribution and interactions of mycorrhizal fungi in soil, 10.1111/j.1574-6941.1999.tb00621.x
  103. Pawlowska Teresa E., Douds David D., Charvat Iris, In vitro propagation and life cycle of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatum, 10.1017/s0953756299008801
  104. Pfeffer Philip E., Douds David D., Bécard Guillaume, Shachar-Hill Yair, Carbon Uptake and the Metabolism and Transport of Lipids in an Arbuscular Mycorrhiza, 10.1104/pp.120.2.587
  105. Plenchette C., Declerck S., Diop T. A., Strullu D. G., Infectivity of monoaxenic subcultures of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus versiforme associated with Ri-T-DNA-transformed carrot root, 10.1007/s002530050858
  106. Poulin M. J., Bel-Rhlid R., Pich� Y., Ch�nevert R., Flavonoids released by carrot (Daucus carota) seedlings stimulate hyphal development of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the presence of optimal CO2 enrichment, 10.1007/bf00979666
  107. Poulin Marie-Josée, Simard Jacques, Catford Jean-Guy, Librie Fernand, Piché Yves, Response of Symbiotic Endomycorrhizal Fungi to Estrogens and Antiestrogens, 10.1094/mpmi.1997.10.4.481
  108. Redecker Dirk, Hijri Mohamed, Dulieu Hubert, Sanders Ian R, Phylogenetic Analysis of a Dataset of Fungal 5.8S rDNA Sequences Shows That Highly Divergent Copies of Internal Transcribed Spacers Reported from Scutellospora castanea Are of Ascomycete Origin, 10.1006/fgbi.1999.1173
  109. Riker A.J., J. Agric. Res., 41, 507 (1930)
  110. Rousseau Annie, Mycoparasitism of the Extramatrical Phase ofGlomus intraradicesbyTrichoderma harzianum, 10.1094/phyto-86-434
  111. Schenck N. C., Spain Joyce L., Sieverding E., Howeler R. H., Several New and Unreported Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (Endogonaceae) from Colombia, 10.2307/3793226
  112. Schreiner R.P., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 59, 2750 (1993)
  113. Schüβler Arthur, Gehrig Hans, Schwarzott Daniel, Walker Chris, Analysis of partial Glomales SSU rRNA gene sequences: implications for primer design and phylogeny, 10.1017/s0953756200003725
  114. Sejalon-Delmas Nathalie, Magnier Amelie, Douds David D., Becard Guillaume, Cytoplasmic Autofluorescence of an Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Gigaspora gigantea and Nondestructive Fungal Observations in Planta, 10.2307/3761334
  115. Shachar-Hill Y., Pfeffer P. E., Douds D., Osman S. F., Doner L. W., Ratcliffe R. G., Partitioning of Intermediary Carbon Metabolism in Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Leek, 10.1104/pp.108.1.7
  116. Simon L., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 59, 4211 (1993)
  117. Simon Luc, Bousquet Jean, Lévesque Roger C., Lalonde Maurice, Origin and diversification of endomycorrhizal fungi and coincidence with vascular land plants, 10.1038/363067a0
  118. SOLAIMAN MD. ZAKARIA, SAITO MASANORI, Use of sugars by intraradical hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi revealed by radiorespirometry, 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1997.00757.x
  119. St-Arnaud M., Mycorrhiza, 5, 431 (1995)
  120. St-Arnaud M., Hamel C., Vimard B., Caron M., Fortin J.A., Enhanced hyphal growth and spore production of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices in an in vitro system in the absence of host roots, 10.1016/s0953-7562(96)80164-x
  121. Strullu D.G., Plenchette C., The entrapment of Glomus sp. in alginate beads and their use as root inoculum, 10.1016/s0953-7562(09)80009-9
  122. Strullu D.G., Acad. Sci. Ser. III Sci. Vie, 303, 245 (1986)
  123. Strullu Désiré-Georges, Diop Tahir, Plenchette Christian, fr, 10.1016/s0764-4469(99)80085-7
  124. Tepfer D.A., C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 292, 153 (1981)
  125. Tsai S.M., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 57, 1485 (1991)
  126. Tylka G. L., Axenic Germination of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi: Effects of SelectedStreptomycesSpecies, 10.1094/phyto-81-754
  127. Sanders Ian R., van der Heijden Marcel G. A., Klironomos John N., Ursic Margot, Moutoglis Peter, Streitwolf-Engel Ruth, Boller Thomas, Wiemken Andres, 10.1038/23932
  128. van Elsas J.D, Duarte G.F, Rosado A.S, Smalla K, Microbiological and molecular biological methods for monitoring microbial inoculants and their effects in the soil environment, 10.1016/s0167-7012(98)00025-6
  129. Villegas J., Can. J. Bot., 79, 865 (2001)
  130. Villegas J., Williams R. D., Nantais L., Archambault J., Fortin J. A., Effects of N source on pH and nutrient exchange of extramatrical mycelium in a mycorrhizal Ri T-DNA transformed root system, 10.1007/s005720050132
  131. Walley Frances L., Germida J. J., Failure to decontaminate Glomus clarum NT4 spores is due to spore wall-associated bacteria, 10.1007/s005720050104
  132. Wan M.T., Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 17, 2041 (1998)
  133. Wan M.T., Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 17, 1421 (1998)
  134. S. Wenkart, N. Roth-Bejerano, D. Mills, V. Kagan-Zur, Mycorrhizal associations between Tuber melanosporum mycelia and transformed roots of Cistus incanus, 10.1007/s002990100325
  135. Wu Chi-Guang, Sylvia David M., Spore Ontogeny of Glomus globiferum, 10.2307/3760465