User menu

How does the brain process upright and inverted faces?

Bibliographic reference Rossion, Bruno ; Gauthier, Isabel. How does the brain process upright and inverted faces?. In: Behavioral & Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, Vol. 1, no. 1, p. 63-75 (2002)
Permanent URL
  1. Aguirre Geoffrey Karl, Singh Rajiv, DʼEsposito Mark, Stimulus inversion and the responses of face and object-sensitive cortical areas : , 10.1097/00001756-199901180-00036
  2. Aguirre Geoffrey K, Zarahn E, D’Esposito M, An Area within Human Ventral Cortex Sensitive to “Building” Stimuli, 10.1016/s0896-6273(00)80546-2
  3. Allison Truett, McCarthy Gregory, Nobre Anna, Puce Aina, Belger Aysenil, Human Extrastriate Visual Cortex and the Perception of Faces, Words, Numbers, and Colors, 10.1093/cercor/4.5.544
  4. Allison T., Electrophysiological Studies of Human Face Perception. I: Potentials Generated in Occipitotemporal Cortex by Face and Non-face Stimuli, 10.1093/cercor/9.5.415
  5. Bartlett J.C., Searcy J., Inversion and Configuration of Faces, 10.1006/cogp.1993.1007
  6. Bentin Shlomo, Allison Truett, Puce Aina, Perez Erik, McCarthy Gregory, Electrophysiological Studies of Face Perception in Humans, 10.1162/jocn.1996.8.6.551
  8. Bentin Shlomo, Deouell Leon Y., Soroker Nachum, Selective visual streaming in face recognition : evidence from developmental prosopagnosia, 10.1097/00001756-199903170-00029
  9. B�tzel Kai, Schulze Stefan, Stodieck StefanR.G., Scalp topography and analysis of intracranial sources of face-evoked potentials, 10.1007/bf00229863
  10. Braeutigam Sven, Bailey Anthony J., Swithenby Stephen J., Task-dependent early latency (30???60 ms) visual processing of human faces and other objects : , 10.1097/00001756-200105250-00046
  11. Bruce Vicki, Young Andy, Understanding face recognition, 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1986.tb02199.x
  12. Bruyer R., Galvez C., Prairial C., Effect of disorientation on visual analysis, familiarity decision and semantic decision on faces, 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1993.tb02494.x
  13. Bruyer Raymond, Laterre Christian, Seron Xavier, Feyereisen Pierre, Strypstein Emmanuel, Pierrard Eric, Rectem Dominique, A case of prosopagnosia with some preserved covert remembrance of familiar faces, 10.1016/0278-2626(83)90014-3
  14. Campanella S., Hanoteau C., Depy D., Rossion B., Bruyer R., Crommelinck M., Guerit J.M., Right N170 modulation in a face discrimination task: An account for categorical perception of familiar faces, 10.1111/1469-8986.3760796
  15. Carey S, Diamond R, From piecemeal to configurational representation of faces, 10.1126/science.831281
  16. Carey Susan, Diamond Rhea, Woods Bryan, Development of face recognition: A maturational component?, 10.1037/0012-1649.16.4.257
  17. Cauquil Alexandra Séverac, Edmonds Gillian E., Taylor Margot J., Is the face-sensitive N170 the only ERP not affected by selective attention? : , 10.1097/00001756-200007140-00021
  18. Collishaw Stephan M, Hole Graham J, Featural and Configurational Processes in the Recognition of Faces of Different Familiarity, 10.1068/p2949
  19. Curran, T., 7th Human Brain Mapping Conference
  20. Diamond Rhea, Carey Susan, Why faces are and are not special: An effect of expertise., 10.1037/0096-3445.115.2.107
  21. Edelman Shimon, Representation, similarity, and the chorus of prototypes, 10.1007/bf00974189
  22. Eimer Martin, Does the face-specific N170 component reflect the activity of a specialized eye processor? : , 10.1097/00001756-199809140-00005
  23. Eimer Martin, Effects of face inversion on the structural encoding and recognition of faces, 10.1016/s0926-6410(00)00038-0
  24. Eimer Martin, Event-related brain potentials distinguish processing stages involved in face perception and recognition, 10.1016/s1388-2457(99)00285-0
  25. Eimer Martin, The face-specific N170 component reflects late stages in the structural encoding of faces : , 10.1097/00001756-200007140-00050
  26. Eimer Martin, McCarthy Rosaleen A., Prosopagnosia and structural encoding of faces : Evidence from event-related potentials, 10.1097/00001756-199902050-00010
  27. ELLIS HADYN D., RECOGNIZING FACES, 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1975.tb01477.x
  28. Epstein Russell, Harris Alison, Stanley Damian, Kanwisher Nancy, The Parahippocampal Place Area, 10.1016/s0896-6273(00)80758-8
  29. Epstein Russell, Kanwisher Nancy, 10.1038/33402
  30. Farah Martha J., Tanaka James W., Drain H. Maxwell, What causes the face inversion effect?, 10.1037/0096-1523.21.3.628
  31. Farah Martha J., Wilson Kevin D., Drain Maxwell, Tanaka James N., What is "special" about face perception?, 10.1037/0033-295x.105.3.482
  32. Freire Alejo, Lee Kang, Symons Lawrence A, The Face-Inversion Effect as a Deficit in the Encoding of Configural Information: Direct Evidence, 10.1068/p3012
  33. Gauthier Isabel, Skudlarski Pawel, Gore John C., Anderson Adam W., Expertise for cars and birds recruits brain areas involved in face recognition, 10.1038/72140
  34. Gauthier Isabel, Anderson Adam W, Tarr Michael J, Skudlarski Pawel, Gore John C, Levels of categorization in visual recognition studied using functional magnetic resonance imaging, 10.1016/s0960-9822(06)00291-0
  35. Gauthier, I., Human Brain Mapping
  36. GAUTHIER ISABEL, TARR MICHAEL J., Becoming a “Greeble” Expert: Exploring Mechanisms for Face Recognition, 10.1016/s0042-6989(96)00286-6
  37. Gauthier, I., Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
  38. Gauthier Isabel, Tarr Michael J., Anderson Adam W., Skudlarski Pawel, Gore John C., 10.1038/9224
  39. Gauthier Isabel, Tarr Michael J., Moylan Jill, Anderson Adam W., Skudlarski Pawel, Gore John C., DOES VISUAL SUBORDINATE-LEVEL CATEGORISATION ENGAGE THE FUNCTIONALLY DEFINED FUSIFORM FACE AREA?, 10.1080/026432900380544
  40. Gauthier Isabel, Tarr Michael J., Moylan Jill, Skudlarski Pawel, Gore John C., Anderson Adam W., The Fusiform “Face Area” is Part of a Network that Processes Faces at the Individual Level, 10.1162/089892900562165
  41. Gauthier Isabel, Williams Pepper, Tarr Michael J., Tanaka James, Training ‘greeble’ experts: a framework for studying expert object recognition processes, 10.1016/s0042-6989(97)00442-2
  42. George Nathalie, Evans Julie, Fiori Nicole, Davidoff Jules, Renault Bernard, Brain events related to normal and moderately scrambled faces, 10.1016/0926-6410(95)00045-3
  43. Grice Sarah J., Spratling Michael W., Karmiloff-Smith Annette, Halit Hanife, Csibra Gergely, de Haan Michelle, Johnson Mark H., Disordered visual processing and oscillatory brain activity in autism and Williams Syndrome : , 10.1097/00001756-200108280-00021
  44. Guillaume Fabrice, Tiberghien Guy, An event-related potential study of contextual modifications in a face recognition task : , 10.1097/00001756-200105080-00031
  45. Halgren Eric, Dale Anders M., Sereno Martin I., Tootell Roger B.H., Marinkovic Ksenija, Rosen Bruce R., Location of human face-selective cortex with respect to retinotopic areas, 10.1002/(sici)1097-0193(1999)7:1<29::aid-hbm3>;2-r
  46. Haxby J. V., Distributed and Overlapping Representations of Faces and Objects in Ventral Temporal Cortex, 10.1126/science.1063736
  47. Haxby James V., Hoffman Elizabeth A., Gobbini M.Ida, The distributed human neural system for face perception, 10.1016/s1364-6613(00)01482-0
  48. Haxby James V, Ungerleider Leslie G, Clark Vincent P, Schouten Jennifer L, Hoffman Elizabeth A, Martin Alex, The Effect of Face Inversion on Activity in Human Neural Systems for Face and Object Perception, 10.1016/s0896-6273(00)80690-x
  49. Hillger Lynn A., Koenig Olivier, Separable Mechanisms in Face Processing: Evidence from Hemispheric Specialization, 10.1162/jocn.1991.3.1.42
  50. Hobson R. P., Ouston J., Lee A., What's in a face? The case of autism, 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1988.tb02745.x
  51. Hochberg, J., Psychological Science, 9, 619 (1967)
  52. Hoffman Elizabeth A., Haxby James V., 10.1038/71152
  53. Ishai A., Ungerleider L. G., Martin A., Schouten J. L., Haxby J. V., Distributed representation of objects in the human ventral visual pathway, 10.1073/pnas.96.16.9379
  54. Jeffreys D.A., A face-responsive potential recorded from the human scalp, 10.1007/bf00230699
  55. Jeffreys D. Aled, The influence of stimulus orientation on the vertex positive scalp potential evoked by faces, 10.1007/bf00230449
  56. Jemel Boutheina, George Nathalie, Chaby Laurence, Fiori Nicole, Renault Bernard, Differential processing of part-to-whole and part-to-part face priming : an ERP study, 10.1097/00001756-199904060-00031
  57. Jolicoeur Pierre, Gluck Mark A., Kosslyn Stephen M., Pictures and names: Making the connection, 10.1016/0010-0285(84)90009-4
  58. Kanwisher Nancy, 10.1038/77664
  59. Kanwisher, N., The handbook on functional neuroimaging, 109 (2001)
  60. Kanwisher, N., Journal of Neuroscience, 1711, 4302 (1997)
  61. Kanwisher Nancy, Tong Frank, Nakayama Ken, The effect of face inversion on the human fusiform face area, 10.1016/s0010-0277(98)00035-3
  62. Kemp Richard, McManus Chris, Pigott Tara, Sensitivity to the Displacement of Facial Features in Negative and Inverted Images, 10.1068/p190531
  63. Bruce Helmut Leder Vicki, Local and Relational Aspects of Face Distinctiveness, 10.1080/713755777
  64. Leder Helmut, Bruce Vicki, When inverted faces are recognized: The role of configural information in face recognition, 10.1080/713755889
  65. Leder Helmut, Candrian Gian, Huber Oswald, Bruce Vicki, Configural Features in the Context of Upright and Inverted Faces, 10.1068/p2911
  66. Le Grand Richard, Mondloch Catherine J., Maurer Daphne, Brent Henry P., Neuroperception: Early visual experience and face processing, 10.1038/35073749
  67. Levy, I., Nature Neuroscience, 4, 533 (2001)
  68. Linkenkaer-Hansen Klaus, Palva Jaakko M, Sams Mikko, Hietanen Jari K, Aronen Hannu J, Ilmoniemi Risto J, Face-selective processing in human extrastriate cortex around 120 ms after stimulus onset revealed by magneto- and electroencephalography, 10.1016/s0304-3940(98)00586-2
  69. Liu Jia, Higuchi Masanori, Marantz Alec, Kanwisher Nancy, The selectivity of the occipitotemporal M170 for faces : , 10.1097/00001756-200002070-00023
  70. Logothetis Nikos K., Pauls Jon, Augath Mark, Trinath Torsten, Oeltermann Axel, Neurophysiological investigation of the basis of the fMRI signal, 10.1038/35084005
  71. McCarthy G., Electrophysiological Studies of Human Face Perception. II: Response Properties of Face-specific Potentials Generated in Occipitotemporal Cortex, 10.1093/cercor/9.5.431
  72. McCarthy Gregory, Puce Aina, Gore John C., Allison Truett, Face-Specific Processing in the Human Fusiform Gyrus, 10.1162/jocn.1997.9.5.605
  73. Moscovitch Morris, Winocur Gordon, Behrmann Marlene, What Is Special about Face Recognition? Nineteen Experiments on a Person with Visual Object Agnosia and Dyslexia but Normal Face Recognition, 10.1162/jocn.1997.9.5.555
  74. Münte Thomas F, Brack Martina, Grootheer Olaf, Wieringa Bernardina M, Matzke Mike, Johannes Sönke, Brain potentials reveal the timing of face identity and expression judgments, 10.1016/s0168-0102(97)00118-1
  75. Murray Janice E., Yong Esther, Rhodes Gillian, Revisiting the Perception of Upside-Down Faces, 10.1111/1467-9280.00294
  76. Nachson Israel, On the modularity of face recognition: The riddle of domain specificity, 10.1080/01688639508405122
  77. Parr Lisa A., Dove Tara, Hopkins William D., Why Faces May Be Special: Evidence of the Inversion Effect in Chimpanzees, 10.1162/089892998563013
  78. Perrett D.I., Mistlin A.J., Chitty A.J., Smith P.A.J., Potter D.D., Broennimann R., Harries M., Specialized face processing and hemispheric asymmetry in man and monkey: Evidence from single unit and reaction time studies, 10.1016/0166-4328(88)90029-0
  79. Perrett D.I., Oram M.W., Neurophysiology of shape processing, 10.1016/0262-8856(93)90011-5
  80. Perrett D.I, Oram M.W, Ashbridge E, Evidence accumulation in cell populations responsive to faces: an account of generalisation of recognition without mental transformations, 10.1016/s0010-0277(98)00015-8
  81. Phelps Maria T., Roberts William A., Memory for pictures of upright and inverted primate faces in humans (Homo sapiens), squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), and pigeons (Columba livia)., 10.1037/0735-7036.108.2.114
  82. Philips, R. J., Perception, 43, 39 (1979)
  83. Purcell Dean G., Stewart Alan L., The face-detection effect: Configuration enhances detection, 10.3758/bf03208806
  84. Rakover Sam S., Teucher Brosh, Facial inversion effects: Parts and whole relationship, 10.3758/bf03206021
  85. Rebai Mohamed, Poiroux Stéphane, Bernard Christian, Lalonde Robert, Event-Related Potentials for Category-Specific Information During Passive Viewing of Faces and Objects, 10.3109/00207450109149750
  86. Rhodes Gillian, Brake Susan, Atkinson Anthony P., What's lost in inverted faces?, 10.1016/0010-0277(93)90061-y
  87. Rhodes Gillian, Brennan Susan, Carey Susan, Identification and ratings of caricatures: Implications for mental representations of faces, 10.1016/0010-0285(87)90016-8
  88. Poggio Tomaso, Riesenhuber Maximilian, 10.1038/14819
  89. Rock Irvin, The Perception of Disoriented Figures, 10.1038/scientificamerican0174-78
  90. Rolls E. T., Cowey A., Bruce V., Neurophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Face Processing within and beyond the Temporal Cortical Visual Areas [and Discussion], 10.1098/rstb.1992.0002
  91. Rossion B, Campanella S, Gomez C.M, Delinte A, Debatisse D, Liard L, Dubois S, Bruyer R, Crommelinck M, Guerit J.-M, Task modulation of brain activity related to familiar and unfamiliar face processing: an ERP study, 10.1016/s1388-2457(98)00037-6
  92. Rossion B, Spatio-temporal localization of the face inversion effect: an event-related potentials study, 10.1016/s0301-0511(99)00013-7
  93. Rossion Bruno, Dricot Laurence, Devolder Anne, Bodart Jean-Michel, Crommelinck Marc, Gelder Beatrice de, Zoontjes Richard, Hemispheric Asymmetries for Whole-Based and Part-Based Face Processing in the Human Fusiform Gyrus, 10.1162/089892900562606
  94. Rossion, B., Psychological Science
  95. Rossion B, Gauthier I, Tarr M J., Despland P, Bruyer R, Linotte S, Crommelinck M, The N170 occipito-temporal component is delayed and enhanced to inverted faces but not to inverted objects : an electrophysiological account of face-specific processes in the human brain, 10.1097/00001756-200001170-00014
  96. Sagiv Noam, Bentin Shlomo, Structural Encoding of Human and Schematic Faces: Holistic and Part-Based Processes, 10.1162/089892901753165854
  97. Scapinello Ken F., Yarmey A. Daniel, The role of familiarity and orientation in immediate and delayed recognition of pictorial stimuli, 10.3758/bf03335807
  98. Schultz Robert T., Gauthier Isabel, Klin Ami, Fulbright Robert K., Anderson Adam W., Volkmar Fred, Skudlarski Pawel, Lacadie Cheryl, Cohen Donald J., Gore John C., Abnormal Ventral Temporal Cortical Activity During Face Discrimination Among Individuals With Autism and Asperger Syndrome, 10.1001/archpsyc.57.4.331
  99. Schyns Philippe G., Murphy Gregory L., The Ontogeny of Part Representation in Object Concepts, Advances in Research and Theory (1994) ISBN:9780125433310 p.305-349, 10.1016/s0079-7421(08)60413-2
  100. Schyns Philippe G., Rodet Luc, Categorization creates functional features., 10.1037/0278-7393.23.3.681
  101. Searcy Jean H., Bartlett James C., Inversion and processing of component and spatial–relational information in faces., 10.1037/0096-1523.22.4.904
  102. Seeck M, Michel C M., Mainwaring N, Cosgrove R, Blume H, Ives J, Landis T, Schomer D L., Evidence for rapid face recognition from human scalp and intracranial electrodes : , 10.1097/00001756-199708180-00021
  103. Sergent Justine, An investigation into component and configural processes underlying face perception, 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1984.tb01895.x
  105. Simion, F., Society for Research in Child Development
  106. Singer W, Gray C M, Visual Feature Integration and the Temporal Correlation Hypothesis, 10.1146/
  107. Tallon-Baudry C, Oscillatory gamma activity in humans and its role in object representation, 10.1016/s1364-6613(99)01299-1
  108. Tanaka, J. W., Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
  109. Tanaka James W., Curran Tim, A Neural Basis for Expert Object Recognition, 10.1111/1467-9280.00308
  110. Tanaka James W., Farah Martha J., Parts and wholes in face recognition, 10.1080/14640749308401045
  111. Tanaka James, Gauthier Isabel, Expertise in Object and Face Recognition, Psychology of Learning and Motivation (1997) ISBN:9780125433365 p.83-125, 10.1016/s0079-7421(08)60282-0
  112. Tanaka James, Luu Phan, Weisbrod Matthias, Kiefer Markus, Tracking the time course of object categorization using event-related potentials : , 10.1097/00001756-199903170-00030
  113. Tanaka James W., Sengco Joseph A., Features and their configuration in face recognition, 10.3758/bf03211301
  114. Tanaka James W, Taylor Marjorie, Object categories and expertise: Is the basic level in the eye of the beholder?, 10.1016/0010-0285(91)90016-h
  115. Tarr Michael J., Gauthier Isabel, 10.1038/77666
  116. Taylor Margot J., Itier Roxane J., Allison Truett, Edmonds Gillian E., Direction of gaze effects on early face processing: eyes-only versus full faces, 10.1016/s0926-6410(00)00051-3
  117. Taylor Margot J, McCarthy Gregory, Saliba Elie, Degiovanni Eric, ERP evidence of developmental changes in processing of faces, 10.1016/s1388-2457(99)00006-1
  118. Tovée M.J., Face processing: Getting by with a little help from its friends, 10.1016/s0960-9822(98)70197-6
  119. Valentine Tim, Upside-down faces: A review of the effect of inversion upon face recognition, 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1988.tb02747.x
  120. Valentine Tim, A unified account of the effects of distinctiveness, inversion, and race in face recognition, 10.1080/14640749108400966
  121. Valentine Tim, Bruce Vicki, Recognizing familiar faces: The role of distinctiveness and familiarity., 10.1037/h0080101
  122. Valentine Tim, Bruce Vicki, Mental rotation of faces, 10.3758/bf03197057
  123. Valenza Eloisa, Simion Francesca, Cassia Viola Macchi, Umiltà Carlo, Face preference at birth., 10.1037/0096-1523.22.4.892
  124. Yarmey A. Daniel, Recognition memory for familiar “public” faces: Effects of orientation and delay, 10.3758/bf03329007
  125. Yin, R. K., Journal of Experimental Psychology, 81, 41 (1969)
  126. Young Andrew W, Hellawell Deborah, Hay Dennis C, Configurational Information in Face Perception, 10.1068/p160747