User menu

Accès à distance en utilisant le proxy de l'UCL :

https://proxy.bib.ucl.ac.be/proxy-dial

Quantifying climate feedbacks in polar regions

  • Open access
  • PDF
  • 1.12 M
  1. Stroeve Julienne C., Serreze Mark C., Holland Marika M., Kay Jennifer E., Malanik James, Barrett Andrew P., The Arctic’s rapidly shrinking sea ice cover: a research synthesis, 10.1007/s10584-011-0101-1
  2. Stammerjohn Sharon, Massom Robert, Rind David, Martinson Douglas, Regions of rapid sea ice change: An inter-hemispheric seasonal comparison : REGIONS OF RAPID SEA ICE CHANGE, 10.1029/2012gl050874
  3. Döscher R., Vihma T., Maksimovich E., Recent advances in understanding the Arctic climate system state and change from a sea ice perspective: a review, 10.5194/acp-14-13571-2014
  4. Armour Kyle C., Marshall John, Scott Jeffery R., Donohoe Aaron, Newsom Emily R., Southern Ocean warming delayed by circumpolar upwelling and equatorward transport, 10.1038/ngeo2731
  5. Jones Julie M., Gille Sarah T., Goosse Hugues, Abram Nerilie J., Canziani Pablo O., Charman Dan J., Clem Kyle R., Crosta Xavier, de Lavergne Casimir, Eisenman Ian, England Matthew H., Fogt Ryan L., Frankcombe Leela M., Marshall Gareth J., Masson-Delmotte Valérie, Morrison Adele K., Orsi Anaïs J., Raphael Marilyn N., Renwick James A., Schneider David P., Simpkins Graham R., Steig Eric J., Stenni Barbara, Swingedouw Didier, Vance Tessa R., Assessing recent trends in high-latitude Southern Hemisphere surface climate, 10.1038/nclimate3103
  6. Hobbs William R., Massom Rob, Stammerjohn Sharon, Reid Phillip, Williams Guy, Meier Walter, A review of recent changes in Southern Ocean sea ice, their drivers and forcings, 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.06.008
  7. Swart Neil C., Fyfe John C., Hawkins Ed, Kay Jennifer E., Jahn Alexandra, Influence of internal variability on Arctic sea-ice trends, 10.1038/nclimate2483
  8. Notz Dirk, How well must climate models agree with observations?, 10.1098/rsta.2014.0164
  9. Zunz V., Goosse H., Massonnet F., How does internal variability influence the ability of CMIP5 models to reproduce the recent trend in Southern Ocean sea ice extent?, 10.5194/tc-7-451-2013
  10. Flato, G. et al. Evaluation of Climate Models. Climate Change: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds Stocker,T.F., Qin, D., Plattner, G.-K., Tignor, M., Allen, S. K., Boschung, J., Nauels, A., Xia, Y., Bex, V., & Midgley, P.M.) (Cambridge United Kingdom and New York, USA, 2013).
  11. Åström, K. J. & Murray, R. M. Feedback systems: an introduction for scientists and engineers. (Princeton, New Jersey, USA, 2010) (ISBN 9781400828739).
  12. Roe Gerard, Feedbacks, Timescales, and Seeing Red, 10.1146/annurev.earth.061008.134734
  13. Hansen J., Lacis A., Rind D., Russell G., Stone P., Fung I., Ruedy R., Lerner J., Climate sensitivity: Analysis of feedback mechanisms, Climate Processes and Climate Sensitivity (1984) ISBN:0875904041 p.130-163, 10.1029/gm029p0130
  14. Bony Sandrine, Colman Robert, Kattsov Vladimir M., Allan Richard P., Bretherton Christopher S., Dufresne Jean-Louis, Hall Alex, Hallegatte Stephane, Holland Marika M., Ingram William, Randall David A., Soden Brian J., Tselioudis George, Webb Mark J., How Well Do We Understand and Evaluate Climate Change Feedback Processes?, 10.1175/jcli3819.1
  15. Wallace, J. M. & Hobbs, P. V. Atmospheric science: an introductory survey 2nd edn. International Geophysics Series 92, 484 (Academic press, Burlington, MA, USA and San Diego, CA, USA, 2006).
  16. Armour Kyle C., Bitz Cecilia M., Roe Gerard H., Time-Varying Climate Sensitivity from Regional Feedbacks, 10.1175/jcli-d-12-00544.1
  17. Ramanathan V., Interactions between Ice-Albedo, Lapse-Rate and Cloud-Top Feedbacks: An Analysis of the Nonlinear Response of a GCM Climate Model, 10.1175/1520-0469(1977)034<1885:ibialr>2.0.co;2
  18. Crook Julia A., Forster Piers M., Stuber Nicola, Spatial Patterns of Modeled Climate Feedback and Contributions to Temperature Response and Polar Amplification, 10.1175/2011jcli3863.1
  19. Pithan Felix, Mauritsen Thorsten, Arctic amplification dominated by temperature feedbacks in contemporary climate models, 10.1038/ngeo2071
  20. Manabe Syukuro, Wetherald Richard T., The Effects of Doubling the CO2Concentration on the climate of a General Circulation Model, 10.1175/1520-0469(1975)032<0003:teodtc>2.0.co;2
  21. Dessler A. E., Zhang Z., Yang P., Water-vapor climate feedback inferred from climate fluctuations, 2003–2008, 10.1029/2008gl035333
  22. Gordon N. D., Jonko A. K., Forster P. M., Shell K. M., An observationally based constraint on the water-vapor feedback : WATER VAPOR FEEDBACK, 10.1002/2013jd020184
  23. Taylor Patrick C., Cai Ming, Hu Aixue, Meehl Jerry, Washington Warren, Zhang Guang J., A Decomposition of Feedback Contributions to Polar Warming Amplification, 10.1175/jcli-d-12-00696.1
  24. Graversen Rune Grand, Wang Minghuai, Polar amplification in a coupled climate model with locked albedo, 10.1007/s00382-009-0535-6
  25. Budyko M. I., The effect of solar radiation variations on the climate of the Earth, 10.3402/tellusa.v21i5.10109
  26. Sellers William D., A Global Climatic Model Based on the Energy Balance of the Earth-Atmosphere System, 10.1175/1520-0450(1969)008<0392:agcmbo>2.0.co;2
  27. Hall Alex, The Role of Surface Albedo Feedback in Climate, 10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<1550:trosaf>2.0.co;2
  28. Winton Michael, Surface Albedo Feedback Estimates for the AR4 Climate Models, 10.1175/jcli3624.1
  29. Perovich Donald K., Thin and thinner: Sea ice mass balance measurements during SHEBA, 10.1029/2001jc001079
  30. Sturm Matthew, Massom Robert A., Snow in the sea ice system: friend or foe?, Sea Ice ISBN:9781118778371 p.65-109, 10.1002/9781118778371.ch3
  31. Wetherald R. T., Manabe S., Cloud Feedback Processes in a General Circulation Model, 10.1175/1520-0469(1988)045<1397:cfpiag>2.0.co;2
  32. Mitchell J. F. B., Senior C. A., Ingram W. J., C02 and climate: a missing feedback?, 10.1038/341132a0
  33. Vial Jessica, Dufresne Jean-Louis, Bony Sandrine, On the interpretation of inter-model spread in CMIP5 climate sensitivity estimates, 10.1007/s00382-013-1725-9
  34. Zelinka Mark D., Klein Stephen A., Hartmann Dennis L., Computing and Partitioning Cloud Feedbacks Using Cloud Property Histograms. Part II: Attribution to Changes in Cloud Amount, Altitude, and Optical Depth, 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00249.1
  35. Andrews, T., Gregory, J. M., Webb, M. J. & Taylor, K. E. Forcing, feedbacks and climate sensitivity in CMIP5 coupled atmosphere–ocean climate models. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L09712 (2012).
  36. Schweiger Axel J., Lindsay Ron W., Vavrus Steve, Francis Jennifer A., Relationships between Arctic Sea Ice and Clouds during Autumn, 10.1175/2008jcli2156.1
  37. Morrison A. L., Kay J. E., Chepfer H., Guzman R., Yettella V., Isolating the Liquid Cloud Response to Recent Arctic Sea Ice Variability Using Spaceborne Lidar Observations, 10.1002/2017jd027248
  38. Kay Jennifer E., L’Ecuyer Tristan, Chepfer Helene, Loeb Norman, Morrison Ariel, Cesana Gregory, Recent Advances in Arctic Cloud and Climate Research, 10.1007/s40641-016-0051-9
  39. Boisvert L. N., Wu D. L., Shie C.-L., Increasing evaporation amounts seen in the Arctic between 2003 and 2013 from AIRS data : INCREASING EVAPORATION IN ARCTIC, 10.1002/2015jd023258
  40. Bodas-Salcedo A., Andrews T., Karmalkar A. V., Ringer M. A., Cloud liquid water path and radiative feedbacks over the Southern Ocean : MIDLATITUDE FEEDBACKS, 10.1002/2016gl070770
  41. Wall Casey J., Kohyama Tsubasa, Hartmann Dennis L., Low-Cloud, Boundary Layer, and Sea Ice Interactions over the Southern Ocean during Winter, 10.1175/jcli-d-16-0483.1
  42. Terai C. R., Klein S. A., Zelinka M. D., Constraining the low-cloud optical depth feedback at middle and high latitudes using satellite observations : CONSTRAINING LOW-CLOUD OPTICAL DEPTH FEEDBACK, 10.1002/2016jd025233
  43. Ceppi Paulo, McCoy Daniel T., Hartmann Dennis L., Observational evidence for a negative shortwave cloud feedback in middle to high latitudes : OBSERVED SHORTWAVE CLOUD FEEDBACK, 10.1002/2015gl067499
  44. Bodas-Salcedo A., Williams K. D., Ringer M. A., Beau I., Cole J. N. S., Dufresne J.-L., Koshiro T., Stevens B., Wang Z., Yokohata T., Origins of the Solar Radiation Biases over the Southern Ocean in CFMIP2 Models*, 10.1175/jcli-d-13-00169.1
  45. Tan I., Storelvmo T., Zelinka M. D., Observational constraints on mixed-phase clouds imply higher climate sensitivity, 10.1126/science.aad5300
  46. Kay Jennifer E., Bourdages Line, Miller Nathaniel B., Morrison Ariel, Yettella Vineel, Chepfer Helene, Eaton Brian, Evaluating and improving cloud phase in the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 using spaceborne lidar observations : CAM Cloud Phase Evaluation with CALIPSO, 10.1002/2015jd024699
  47. Holland Marika M., Bitz Cecilia M., Tremblay Bruno, Future abrupt reductions in the summer Arctic sea ice, 10.1029/2006gl028024
  48. Maykut Gary A., The Surface Heat and Mass Balance, The Geophysics of Sea Ice (1986) ISBN:9781489953544 p.395-463, 10.1007/978-1-4899-5352-0_6
  49. Bitz C. M., Roe G. H., A Mechanism for the High Rate of Sea Ice Thinning in the Arctic Ocean, 10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<3623:amfthr>2.0.co;2
  50. Martinson Douglas G., Evolution of the southern ocean winter mixed layer and sea ice: Open ocean deepwater formation and ventilation, 10.1029/jc095ic07p11641
  51. Martinson, D. G. & Iannuzzi, R. A. Antarctic ocean–ice interaction: implications from ocean bulk property distributions in the Weddell Gyre. Antarctic sea ice: physical processes, interactions and variability, (ed. Jeffries, M.) 243–271 (American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, USA, 1998).
  52. Goosse H., Zunz V., Decadal trends in the Antarctic sea ice extent ultimately controlled by ice–ocean feedback, 10.5194/tc-8-453-2014
  53. Lecomte Olivier, Goosse Hugues, Fichefet Thierry, de Lavergne Casimir, Barthélemy Antoine, Zunz Violette, Vertical ocean heat redistribution sustaining sea-ice concentration trends in the Ross Sea, 10.1038/s41467-017-00347-4
  54. Seneviratne Sonia I., Corti Thierry, Davin Edouard L., Hirschi Martin, Jaeger Eric B., Lehner Irene, Orlowsky Boris, Teuling Adriaan J., Investigating soil moisture–climate interactions in a changing climate: A review, 10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.02.004
  55. Laîné Alexandre, Yoshimori Masakazu, Abe-Ouchi Ayako, Surface Arctic Amplification Factors in CMIP5 Models: Land and Oceanic Surfaces and Seasonality, 10.1175/jcli-d-15-0497.1
  56. Edwards T. L., Fettweis X., Gagliardini O., Gillet-Chaulet F., Goelzer H., Gregory J. M., Hoffman M., Huybrechts P., Payne A. J., Perego M., Price S., Quiquet A., Ritz C., Effect of uncertainty in surface mass balance–elevation feedback on projections of the future sea level contribution of the Greenland ice sheet, 10.5194/tc-8-195-2014
  57. Edwards T. L., Fettweis X., Gagliardini O., Gillet-Chaulet F., Goelzer H., Gregory J. M., Hoffman M., Huybrechts P., Payne A. J., Perego M., Price S., Quiquet A., Ritz C., Probabilistic parameterisation of the surface mass balance–elevation feedback in regional climate model simulations of the Greenland ice sheet, 10.5194/tc-8-181-2014
  58. Schoof Christian, Ice sheet grounding line dynamics: Steady states, stability, and hysteresis, 10.1029/2006jf000664
  59. Docquier David, Perichon Laura, Pattyn Frank, Representing Grounding Line Dynamics in Numerical Ice Sheet Models: Recent Advances and Outlook, 10.1007/s10712-011-9133-3
  60. Rignot E., Mouginot J., Morlighem M., Seroussi H., Scheuchl B., Widespread, rapid grounding line retreat of Pine Island, Thwaites, Smith, and Kohler glaciers, West Antarctica, from 1992 to 2011, 10.1002/2014gl060140
  61. Wise Matthew G., Dowdeswell Julian A., Jakobsson Martin, Larter Robert D., Evidence of marine ice-cliff instability in Pine Island Bay from iceberg-keel plough marks, 10.1038/nature24458
  62. Zwally H. J., Surface Melt-Induced Acceleration of Greenland Ice-Sheet Flow, 10.1126/science.1072708
  63. Swingedouw D., Fichefet T., Huybrechts P., Goosse H., Driesschaert E., Loutre M.-F., Antarctic ice-sheet melting provides negative feedbacks on future climate warming, 10.1029/2008gl034410
  64. Bintanja R., van Oldenborgh G. J., Drijfhout S. S., Wouters B., Katsman C. A., Important role for ocean warming and increased ice-shelf melt in Antarctic sea-ice expansion, 10.1038/ngeo1767
  65. Otto, J., Raddatz, T., Claussen, M., Brovkin, V. & Gayler, V. Separation of atmosphere-ocean-vegetation feedbacks and synergies for mid-Holocene climate. Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L09701 (2009).
  66. Gregory J. M., Jones C. D., Cadule P., Friedlingstein P., Quantifying Carbon Cycle Feedbacks, 10.1175/2009jcli2949.1
  67. Arneth A., Harrison S. P., Zaehle S., Tsigaridis K., Menon S., Bartlein P. J., Feichter J., Korhola A., Kulmala M., O'Donnell D., Schurgers G., Sorvari S., Vesala T., Terrestrial biogeochemical feedbacks in the climate system, 10.1038/ngeo905
  68. Schuur E. A. G., McGuire A. D., Schädel C., Grosse G., Harden J. W., Hayes D. J., Hugelius G., Koven C. D., Kuhry P., Lawrence D. M., Natali S. M., Olefeldt D., Romanovsky V. E., Schaefer K., Turetsky M. R., Treat C. C., Vonk J. E., Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback, 10.1038/nature14338
  69. Pabi Sudeshna, van Dijken Gert L., Arrigo Kevin R., Primary production in the Arctic Ocean, 1998–2006, 10.1029/2007jc004578
  70. Lengaigne Matthieu, Madec Gurvan, Bopp Laurent, Menkes Christophe, Aumont Olivier, Cadule Patricia, Bio-physical feedbacks in the Arctic Ocean using an Earth system model, 10.1029/2009gl040145
  71. Alexeev Vladimir A., Jackson Craig H., Polar amplification: is atmospheric heat transport important?, 10.1007/s00382-012-1601-z
  72. Feldl Nicole, Bordoni Simona, Merlis Timothy M., Coupled High-Latitude Climate Feedbacks and Their Impact on Atmospheric Heat Transport, 10.1175/jcli-d-16-0324.1
  73. Kay Jennifer E., Holland Marika M., Bitz Cecilia M., Blanchard-Wrigglesworth Edward, Gettelman Andrew, Conley Andrew, Bailey David, The Influence of Local Feedbacks and Northward Heat Transport on the Equilibrium Arctic Climate Response to Increased Greenhouse Gas Forcing, 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00622.1
  74. Roe Gerard H., Feldl Nicole, Armour Kyle C., Hwang Yen-Ting, Frierson Dargan M. W., The remote impacts of climate feedbacks on regional climate predictability, 10.1038/ngeo2346
  75. Cai Ming, Lu Jianhua, Dynamical greenhouse-plus feedback and polar warming amplification. Part II: meridional and vertical asymmetries of the global warming, 10.1007/s00382-007-0238-9
  76. Feldl Nicole, Roe Gerard H., The Nonlinear and Nonlocal Nature of Climate Feedbacks, 10.1175/jcli-d-12-00631.1
  77. Zelinka Mark D., Hartmann Dennis L., Climate Feedbacks and Their Implications for Poleward Energy Flux Changes in a Warming Climate, 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00096.1
  78. Overland James E., Dethloff Klaus, Francis Jennifer A., Hall Richard J., Hanna Edward, Kim Seong-Joong, Screen James A., Shepherd Theodore G., Vihma Timo, Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic, 10.1038/nclimate3121
  79. Marshall John, Scott Jeffery R., Armour Kyle C., Campin J.-M., Kelley Maxwell, Romanou Anastasia, The ocean’s role in the transient response of climate to abrupt greenhouse gas forcing, 10.1007/s00382-014-2308-0
  80. Jungclaus J. H., Lohmann K., Zanchettin D., Enhanced 20th-century heat transfer to the Arctic simulated in the context of climate variations over the last millennium, 10.5194/cp-10-2201-2014
  81. Bitz C. M., Gent P. R., Woodgate R. A., Holland M. M., Lindsay R., The Influence of Sea Ice on Ocean Heat Uptake in Response to Increasing CO2, 10.1175/jcli3756.1
  82. Gregory, J. M. et al. A new method for diagnosing radiative forcing and climate sensitivity. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L03205 (2004).
  83. Taylor K. E., Crucifix M., Braconnot P., Hewitt C. D., Doutriaux C., Broccoli A. J., Mitchell J. F. B., Webb M. J., Estimating Shortwave Radiative Forcing and Response in Climate Models, 10.1175/jcli4143.1
  84. Soden Brian J., Held Isaac M., Colman Robert, Shell Karen M., Kiehl Jeffrey T., Shields Christine A., Quantifying Climate Feedbacks Using Radiative Kernels, 10.1175/2007jcli2110.1
  85. Shell Karen M., Kiehl Jeffrey T., Shields Christine A., Using the Radiative Kernel Technique to Calculate Climate Feedbacks in NCAR’s Community Atmospheric Model, 10.1175/2007jcli2044.1
  86. Jonko Alexandra K., Shell Karen M., Sanderson Benjamin M., Danabasoglu Gokhan, Climate Feedbacks in CCSM3 under Changing CO2Forcing. Part I: Adapting the Linear Radiative Kernel Technique to Feedback Calculations for a Broad Range of Forcings, 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00524.1
  87. Jonko Alexandra K., Shell Karen M., Sanderson Benjamin M., Danabasoglu Gokhan, Climate Feedbacks in CCSM3 under Changing CO2Forcing. Part II: Variation of Climate Feedbacks and Sensitivity with Forcing, 10.1175/jcli-d-12-00479.1
  88. Sedlar Joseph, Shupe Matthew D., Tjernström Michael, On the Relationship between Thermodynamic Structure and Cloud Top, and Its Climate Significance in the Arctic, 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00186.1
  89. Cai Ming, Lu Jianhua, A new framework for isolating individual feedback processes in coupled general circulation climate models. Part II: Method demonstrations and comparisons, 10.1007/s00382-008-0424-4
  90. Feldl N., Roe G. H., Four perspectives on climate feedbacks : PERSPECTIVES, 10.1002/grl.50711
  91. Sherwood Steven C., Bony Sandrine, Boucher Olivier, Bretherton Chris, Forster Piers M., Gregory Jonathan M., Stevens Bjorn, Adjustments in the Forcing-Feedback Framework for Understanding Climate Change, 10.1175/bams-d-13-00167.1
  92. Andrews Timothy, Gregory Jonathan M., Webb Mark J., The Dependence of Radiative Forcing and Feedback on Evolving Patterns of Surface Temperature Change in Climate Models, 10.1175/jcli-d-14-00545.1
  93. Colman R. A., McAvaney B. J., On tropospheric adjustment to forcing and climate feedbacks, 10.1007/s00382-011-1067-4
  94. Meraner Katharina, Mauritsen Thorsten, Voigt Aiko, Robust increase in equilibrium climate sensitivity under global warming : ROBUST INCREASE IN CLIMATE SENSITIVITY, 10.1002/2013gl058118
  95. Gregory J. M., Andrews T., Good P., The inconstancy of the transient climate response parameter under increasing CO2, 10.1098/rsta.2014.0417
  96. Rugenstein Maria A. A., Caldeira Ken, Knutti Reto, Dependence of global radiative feedbacks on evolving patterns of surface heat fluxes : FEEDBACKS AND SURFACE FLUXES, 10.1002/2016gl070907
  97. Holland M. M., Bitz C. M., Polar amplification of climate change in coupled models, 10.1007/s00382-003-0332-6
  98. Sejas Sergio A., Cai Ming, Hu Aixue, Meehl Gerald A., Washington Warren, Taylor Patrick C., Individual Feedback Contributions to the Seasonality of Surface Warming, 10.1175/jcli-d-13-00658.1
  99. Svensson Gunilla, Karlsson Johannes, On the Arctic Wintertime Climate in Global Climate Models, 10.1175/2011jcli4012.1
  100. de Boer Gijs, Chapman William, Kay Jennifer E., Medeiros Brian, Shupe Matthew D., Vavrus Steve, Walsh John, A Characterization of the Present-Day Arctic Atmosphere in CCSM4, 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00228.1
  101. Qu Xin, Hall Alex, What Controls the Strength of Snow-Albedo Feedback?, 10.1175/jcli4186.1
  102. Notz Dirk, Jahn Alexandra, Holland Marika, Hunke Elizabeth, Massonnet François, Stroeve Julienne, Tremblay Bruno, Vancoppenolle Martin, The CMIP6 Sea-Ice Model Intercomparison Project (SIMIP): understanding sea ice through climate-model simulations, 10.5194/gmd-9-3427-2016
  103. Pithan Felix, Ackerman Andrew, Angevine Wayne M., Hartung Kerstin, Ickes Luisa, Kelley Maxwell, Medeiros Brian, Sandu Irina, Steeneveld Gert-Jan, Sterk H. A. M., Svensson Gunilla, Vaillancourt Paul A., Zadra Ayrton, Select strengths and biases of models in representing the Arctic winter boundary layer over sea ice: the Larcform 1 single column model intercomparison : FIRST ARCTIC AIR MASS INTERCOMPARISON, 10.1002/2016ms000630
  104. Hawkins Ed, Sutton Rowan, Connecting Climate Model Projections of Global Temperature Change with the Real World, 10.1175/bams-d-14-00154.1
  105. Knutti Reto, Why are climate models reproducing the observed global surface warming so well?, 10.1029/2008gl034932
  106. Bitz, C. M. Some aspects of uncertainty in predicting sea ice thinning. Arctic sea ice decline: observations, projections, mechanisms, and implications, Amer. Geophys. Union (eds deWeaver, E., Bitz, C. M. & Tremblay, B.) 63–76 (2008).
  107. Meehl Gerald A., Washington Warren M., Arblaster Julie M., Hu Aixue, Teng Haiyan, Kay Jennifer E., Gettelman Andrew, Lawrence David M., Sanderson Benjamin M., Strand Warren G., Climate Change Projections in CESM1(CAM5) Compared to CCSM4, 10.1175/jcli-d-12-00572.1
  108. Wang, M. & Overland, J. E. A sea ice free summer Arctic within 30 years: an update from CMIP5 models. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L18501 (2012).
  109. Massonnet F., Fichefet T., Goosse H., Bitz C. M., Philippon-Berthier G., Holland M. M., Barriat P.-Y., Constraining projections of summer Arctic sea ice, 10.5194/tc-6-1383-2012
  110. Eyring Veronika, Gleckler Peter J., Heinze Christoph, Stouffer Ronald J., Taylor Karl E., Balaji V., Guilyardi Eric, Joussaume Sylvie, Kindermann Stephan, Lawrence Bryan N., Meehl Gerald A., Righi Mattia, Williams Dean N., Towards improved and more routine Earth system model evaluation in CMIP, 10.5194/esd-7-813-2016
  111. Gloersen, P. et al. Arctic and Antarctic sea ice, 1978–1987: satellite passive microwave observations and analysis. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA SP-511 (1992).
  112. Barthélemy Antoine, Fichefet Thierry, Goosse Hugues, Madec Gurvan, Modeling the interplay between sea ice formation and the oceanic mixed layer: Limitations of simple brine rejection parameterizations, 10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.12.009
  113. Gent Peter R., Danabasoglu Gokhan, Donner Leo J., Holland Marika M., Hunke Elizabeth C., Jayne Steve R., Lawrence David M., Neale Richard B., Rasch Philip J., Vertenstein Mariana, Worley Patrick H., Yang Zong-Liang, Zhang Minghua, The Community Climate System Model Version 4, 10.1175/2011jcli4083.1
  114. Dufresne J.-L., Foujols M.-A., Denvil S., Caubel A., Marti O., Aumont O., Balkanski Y., Bekki S., Bellenger H., Benshila R., Bony S., Bopp L., Braconnot P., Brockmann P., Cadule P., Cheruy F., Codron F., Cozic A., Cugnet D., de Noblet N., Duvel J.-P., Ethé C., Fairhead L., Fichefet T., Flavoni S., Friedlingstein P., Grandpeix J.-Y., Guez L., Guilyardi E., Hauglustaine D., Hourdin F., Idelkadi A., Ghattas J., Joussaume S., Kageyama M., Krinner G., Labetoulle S., Lahellec A., Lefebvre M.-P., Lefevre F., Levy C., Li Z. X., Lloyd J., Lott F., Madec G., Mancip M., Marchand M., Masson S., Meurdesoif Y., Mignot J., Musat I., Parouty S., Polcher J., Rio C., Schulz M., Swingedouw D., Szopa S., Talandier C., Terray P., Viovy N., Vuichard N., Climate change projections using the IPSL-CM5 Earth System Model: from CMIP3 to CMIP5, 10.1007/s00382-012-1636-1
  115. Ridgway K. R., Dunn J. R., Wilkin J. L., Ocean Interpolation by Four-Dimensional Weighted Least Squares—Application to the Waters around Australasia, 10.1175/1520-0426(2002)019<1357:oibfdw>2.0.co;2
  116. Massonnet François, Mathiot Pierre, Fichefet Thierry, Goosse Hugues, König Beatty Christof, Vancoppenolle Martin, Lavergne Thomas, A model reconstruction of the Antarctic sea ice thickness and volume changes over 1980–2008 using data assimilation, 10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.01.003
  117. Donohoe Aaron, Armour Kyle C., Pendergrass Angeline G., Battisti David S., Shortwave and longwave radiative contributions to global warming under increasing CO2, 10.1073/pnas.1412190111
Bibliographic reference Goosse, Hugues ; Jennifer Kay ; Kyle Armour ; Alejandro Bodas-Salcedo ; Helene Chepfer ; et. al. Quantifying climate feedbacks in polar regions. In: Nature Communications, Vol. 9, no. 1
Permanent URL http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/196784