User menu

Pest categorisation of Elsinoë fawcettii and E. australis

Bibliographic reference Jeger, Michael ; Bragard, Claude ; Caffier, David ; Candresse, Thierry ; Chatzivassiliou, Elisavet ; et. al. Pest categorisation of Elsinoë fawcettii and E. australis. In: EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, p. 5100(1-27) (2017)
Permanent URL
  1. Ash G. J., Stodart B., Hyun J.-W., Black Scab of Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) in Australia Caused by a Putative New Pathotype of Elsinoë australis, 10.1094/pdis-06-11-0465
  2. Bernal RP, 2000. Occurrence of citrus scab strains resistant to benzimidazoles in the northern part of Uruguay and the evaluation of new fungicides to control this disease. In: Proceedings of the International Society of Citriculture IX Congress, 3–7 December 2000, Orlando, Florida, USA, pp. 984–986.
  3. Bitancourt, Phytopathology, 26, 393 (1936)
  4. Bitancourt, Journal of Agricultural Research, 54, 1 (1937)
  5. CABI , 2017. Invasive Species Compendium. Available online:
  6. CHUNG KUANG-REN, Elsinoë fawcettii and Elsinoë australis: the fungal pathogens causing citrus scab : Elsinoë pathogens of citrus, 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2010.00663.x
  7. , Guidance on a harmonised framework for pest risk assessment and the identification and evaluation of pest risk management options by EFSA : Harmonised framework for pest risk assessment in the EU, 10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1495
  8. EFSA PLH Panel, EFSA Journal, 12, 3557 (2014)
  9. Smith, Quarantine pests for Europe (1992)
  10. EPPO (European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization), 2017. EPPO Global Database. Available online:
  11. Europhyt , online. The European Network of Plant Health Information System. EUROPHYT database. Available online:
  12. Fan X.L., Barreto R.W., Groenewald J.Z., Bezerra J.D.P., Pereira O.L., Cheewangkoon R., Mostert L., Tian C.M., Crous P.W., Phylogeny and taxonomy of the scab and spot anthracnose fungus Elsinoë ( Myriangiales , Dothideomycetes ), 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.02.001
  13. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 2004. ISPM (International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures) 21—Pest risk analysis of regulated non‐quarantine pests. FAO, Rome, 30 pp. Available online:
  14. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 2013. ISPM (International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures) 11—Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests. FAO, Rome, 36 pp. Available online:
  15. HOU Xin, HUANG Feng, ZHANG Tian-yuan, XU Jian-guo, Kevin Hyde D, LI Hong-ye, Pathotypes and Genetic Diversity of Chinese Collections of Elsinoë fawcettii Causing Citrus Scab, 10.1016/s2095-3119(13)60522-5
  16. Hyun J.-W., Timmer L. W., Lee S.-C., Yun S.-H., Ko S.-W., Kim K.-S., Pathological Characterization and Molecular Analysis of Elsinoe Isolates Causing Scab Diseases of Citrus in Jeju Island in Korea, 10.1094/pdis.2001.85.9.1013
  17. Hyun J. W., Peres N. A., Yi S.-Y., Timmer L. W., Kim K. S., Kwon H.-M., Lim H.-C., Development of PCR Assays for the Identification of Species and Pathotypes of Elsinoë Causing Scab on Citrus, 10.1094/pdis-91-7-0865
  18. Hyun J. W., Yi S. H., MacKenzie S. J., Timmer L. W., Kim K. S., Kang S. K., Kwon H. M., Lim H. C., Pathotypes and Genetic Relationship of Worldwide Collections of Elsinoë spp. Causing Scab Diseases of Citrus, 10.1094/phyto-99-6-0721
  19. Miles Andrew K., Tan Yu Pei, Shivas Roger G., Drenth André, Novel Pathotypes of Elsinoë australis Associated with Citrus australasica and Simmondsia chinensis in Australia, 10.1007/s40858-015-0005-0
  20. Peel M. C., Finlayson B. L., McMahon T. A., Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, 10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007
  21. Schultz, Citrus scab and sweet orange scab, 2 (2013)
  22. Timmer, Citrus Health Management, 107 (1999)
  23. Compendium of Citrus Diseases, Second Edition, ISBN:9780890545850, 10.1094/9780890545850
  24. Timmer L., Morphological and Pathological Characterization of Species ofElsinoeCausing Scab Diseases of Citrus, 10.1094/phyto-86-1032
  25. Wang Li-Yuan, Liao Hui-Ling, Bau Huey-Jiunn, Chung Kuang-Ren, Characterization of pathogenic variants ofElsinoë fawcettiiof citrus implies the presence of new pathotypes and cryptic species in Florida, 10.1080/07060660909507569
  26. Whiteside, Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 87, 9 (1974)
  27. Whiteside J. O., Biological Characteristics of Elsinoë fawcetti Pertaining to the Epidemiology of Sour Orange Scab, 10.1094/phyto-65-1170
  28. Whiteside J. O., Detection of Benomyl-Tolerant Strains ofElsinoë fawcettiin Florida Citrus Groves and Nurseries, 10.1094/pd-64-871
  29. Whiteside, Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 94, 5 (1981)
  30. Whiteside J. O., Factors Contributing to the Rare Occurrence of Scab on Sweet Orange in Florida, 10.1094/pd-72-0626