User menu

Cervical lymph node metastases from remote primary tumor sites.

Bibliographic reference López, Fernando ; Rodrigo, Juan P. ; Silver, Carl E. ; Haigentz, Missak ; Bishop, Justin A. ; et. al. Cervical lymph node metastases from remote primary tumor sites.. In: Head & Neck : journal for the sciences and specialities of the head and neck, Vol. 38, no. Suppl. 1, p. E2374–E2385 (2016)
Permanent URL
  1. Ellison Erin, LaPuerta Pablo, Martin Sue Ellen, Supraclavicular masses: Results of a series of 309 cases biopsied by fine needle aspiration, 10.1002/(sici)1097-0347(199905)21:3<239::aid-hed9>;2-b
  2. Manoharan Madhavi, Satyanarayana Durga, Jeyarajah Arjun R, Cervical lymphadenopathy – an unusual presentation of carcinoma of the cervix: a case report, 10.1186/1752-1947-2-252
  3. Howlett D.C., Skelton E., Moody A.B., Establishing an accurate diagnosis of a parotid lump: evaluation of the current biopsy methods – fine needle aspiration cytology, ultrasound-guided core biopsy, and intraoperative frozen section, 10.1016/j.bjoms.2015.03.015
  4. Burke C, Thomas R, Inglis C, Baldwin A, Ramesar K, Grace R, Howlett D C, Ultrasound-guided core biopsy in the diagnosis of lymphoma of the head and neck. A 9 year experience, 10.1259/bjr/60580076
  5. Zuur C.L., van Velthuysen M.L.F., Schornagel J.H., Hilgers F.J.M., Balm A.J.M., Diagnosis and treatment of isolated neck metastases of adenocarcinomas, 10.1053/ejso.2001.1222
  6. Kwee Thomas C., Kwee Robert M., Combined FDG-PET/CT for the detection of unknown primary tumors: systematic review and meta-analysis, 10.1007/s00330-008-1194-4
  7. Olivotto Ivo A., Chua Boon, Allan Sharon J., Speers Caroline H., Chia Stephen, Ragaz Joseph, Long-Term Survival of Patients With Supraclavicular Metastases at Diagnosis of Breast Cancer, 10.1200/jco.2003.11.105
  8. Pedersen Anders N., Møller Susanne, Steffensen Karina D., Haahr Vera, Jensen Merete, Kempel Mette M., Jepsen Søren L., Madsen Ebbe L., Roslind Anne, Sandberg Erik, Schöllkopf Claudia, Sørensen Peter G., Windfeldt Karen Margrethe, Andersson Michael, Supraclavicular recurrence after early breast cancer: a curable condition?, 10.1007/s10549-010-0918-8
  9. Chen, J Clin Oncol, 28, 15s (2010)
  10. Chen Shin-Cheh, Chen Miin-Fu, Hwang Tsann-Long, Chao Tzu-Chieh, Lo Yung-Feng, Hsueh Swei, Chang Joseph T.-C, Leung Wei-Man, Prediction of supraclavicular lymph node metastasis in breast carcinoma, 10.1016/s0360-3016(01)02680-3
  11. Sesterhenn A.M., Albert U.S., Barth P.J., Wagner U., Werner J.A., The status of neck node metastases in breast cancer—loco-regional or distant?, 10.1016/j.breast.2005.05.006
  12. Sproson Eleanor L., Herd M. Kerry, Spedding Anne V., Brennan Peter A., Puxeddu Roberto, Treatment of breast adenocarcinoma metastasis to the neck: Dedifferentiation of the tumor as suggested by hormone markers, 10.1002/hed.21852
  13. Tanis Pieter J, Nieweg Omgo E, Valdés Olmos Renato A, Kroon Bin B.R, Anatomy and physiology of lymphatic drainage of the breast from the perspective of sentinel node biopsy11No competing interests declared., 10.1016/s1072-7515(00)00776-6
  14. AJCC cancer staging manual (2010)
  15. Chen Shin-Cheh, Chang Hsien-Kun, Lin Yung-Chang, Leung Wai-Man, Tsai Chien-Sheng, Cheung Yun-Chung, Hsueh Swei, See Lai-Chu, Chen Miin-Fu, Prognosis of Breast Cancer After Supraclavicular Lymph Node Metastasis: Not a Distant Metastasis, 10.1245/s10434-006-9012-1
  16. Bisase B, Kerawala C, Survey of UK practice for management of breast cancer metastases to the neck, 10.1308/003588412x13171221591736
  17. Brito Rogelio A., Valero Vicente, Buzdar Aman U., Booser Daniel J., Ames Frederick, Strom Eric, Ross Merrick, Theriault Richard L., Frye Debra, Kau Shu-Wan, Asmar Lina, McNeese Marsha, Singletary S. Eva, Hortobagyi Gabriel N., Long-Term Results of Combined-Modality Therapy for Locally Advanced Breast Cancer With Ipsilateral Supraclavicular Metastases: The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Experience, 10.1200/jco.2001.19.3.628
  18. Marcial Victor A., The role of radiation therapy in the multidisciplinary management of recurrent and metastatic breast cancer, 10.1002/cncr.2820741334
  19. Wick Mark R., Lillemoe Tamera J., Copland Gary T., Swanson Paul E., Manivel J.Carlos, Kiang David T., Gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 as a marker for breast cancer: Immunohistochemical analysis of 690 human neoplasms and comparison with alpha-lactalbumin, 10.1016/0046-8177(89)90137-8
  20. Bhargava Rohit, Dabbs David J., Use of Immunohistochemistry in Diagnosis of Breast Epithelial Lesions : , 10.1097/pap.0b013e31803244d5
  21. Swanson, Arch Pathol Lab Med, 115, 158 (1991)
  22. Bishop Justin A., Yonescu Raluca, Batista Denise, Begum Shahnaz, Eisele David W., Westra William H., Utility of mammaglobin immunohistochemistry as a proxy marker for the ETV6-NTRK3 translocation in the diagnosis of salivary mammary analogue secretory carcinoma, 10.1016/j.humpath.2013.03.017
  23. Han, Arch Pathol Lab Med, 127, 1330 (2003)
  24. Bennett Audrey K, Mills Stacey E, Wick Mark R, Salivary-type neoplasms of the breast and lung, 10.1053/j.semdp.2003.09.001
  25. Minna, DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer: principles & practice of oncology, 396 (1982)
  26. Carlson Eric R., Reddi Sanjay P., Monteleone Kevin L., Metastatic lung cancer of the neck: Report of 2 cases, 10.1053/joms.2002.34420
  27. Davis Ray S., Flynn Michael B., Moore Condict, An unusual presentation of carcinoma of the lung: 26 patients with cervical node metastases, 10.1002/jso.2930090513
  28. Kendirlinan Resat, Özkan Gülcihan, Bayram Mehmet, Bakan Nur, Tutar Mehmet, Gür Aygün, Camsari Güngör, Ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of metastases in nonpalpable supraclavicular lymph nodes in lung cancer patients, 10.1186/2049-6958-6-4-220
  29. Aldridge Tom, Kusanale Atul, Colbert Serryth, Brennan Peter A., Supraclavicular metastases from distant primaries: what is the role of the head and neck surgeon?, 10.1016/j.bjoms.2012.03.016
  30. Prosch H, Strasser G, Sonka C, Oschatz E, Mashaal S, Mohn-Staudner A, Mostbeck G, Cervical Ultrasound (US) and US-guided Lymph Node Biopsy as a Routine Procedure for Staging of Lung Cancer, 10.1055/s-2007-963215
  31. Srodon M., Westra W.H., Immunohistochemical staining for thyroid transcription factor-1: A helpful aid in discerning primary site of tumor origin in patients with brain metastases, 10.1053/hupa.2002.124910
  32. Ordóñez Nelson G., Thyroid Transcription Factor-1 is a Marker of Lung and Thyroid Carcinomas : , 10.1097/00125480-200007020-00007
  33. Bishop Justin A., Sharma Rajni, Illei Peter B., Napsin A and thyroid transcription factor-1 expression in carcinomas of the lung, breast, pancreas, colon, kidney, thyroid, and malignant mesothelioma, 10.1016/j.humpath.2009.06.014
  34. Haigentz Missak, Hartl Dana M., Silver Carl E., Langendijk Johannes A., Strojan Primož, Paleri Vinidh, de Bree Remco, Machiels Jean-Pascal, Hamoir Marc, Rinaldo Alessandra, Paccagnella Daniela, Shaha Ashok R., Takes Robert P., Ferlito Alfio, Distant metastases from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Part III. Treatment, 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2012.03.019
  35. Lerut T, Nafteux P, Moons J, Coosemans W, Decker G, De Leyn P, Van Raemdonck D, Ectors N, Three-Field Lymphadenectomy for Carcinoma of the Esophagus and Gastroesophageal Junction in 174 R0 Resections: Impact on Staging, Disease-Free Survival, and Outcome : A Plea for Adaptation of TNM Classification in Upper-Half Esophageal Carcinoma, 10.1097/01.sla.0000145925.70409.d7
  36. Tachibana Mitsuo, Dhar Dipok Kumar, Kinugasa Shoichi, Kotoh Tsukasa, Shibakita Muneaki, Ohno Satoshi, Masunaga Reiko, Kubota Hirofumi, Nagasue Naofumi, Esophageal Cancer with Distant Lymph Node Metastasis : Prognostic Significance of Metastatic Lymph Node Ratio, 10.1097/00004836-200012000-00010
  37. Nakagawa S., Nishimaki T., Kosugi S., Ohashi M., Kanda T., Hatakeyama K., Cervical lymphadenectomy is beneficial for patients with carcinoma of the upper and mid-thoracic esophagus, 10.1046/j.1442-2050.2003.00286.x
  38. GRIFFITH J.F., CHAN A.C.W., AHUJA A.T., LEUNG S.F., CHOW L.T.C., CHUNG S.C.S., METREWELI C., Neck Ultrasound in Staging Squamous Oesophageal Carcinoma — a High Yield Technique, 10.1053/crad.2000.0502
  39. FUJITA HIROMASA, KAKEGAWA TERUO, YAMANA HIDEAKI, SHIMA ICHIRO, RIKITAKE HIROSHI, HYODO MAKOTO, YOKOYAMA TOSHIO, FUJII TERUHIKO, TOH UHI, TSUGANE SHOICHIRO, Cervico-Thoraco-Abdominal (3-Field) Lymph Node Dissection for Carcinoma in the Thoracic Esophagus., 10.2739/kurumemedj.39.167
  40. Kato Hoichi, Watanabe Hiroshi, Tachimori Yuji, Iizuka Toshifumi, Evaluation of neck lymph node dissection for thoracic esophageal carcinoma, 10.1016/0003-4975(91)91008-j
  41. Takashima, Int Surg, 93, 295 (2008)
  42. Lamps Laura W., Folpe Andrew L., The Diagnostic Value of Hepatocyte Paraffin Antibody 1 in Differentiating Hepatocellular Neoplasms From Nonhepatic Tumors: A Review : , 10.1097/00125480-200301000-00004
  43. Fan Z., Expression of Cdx2 and Hepatocyte Antigen in Gastric Carcinoma: Correlation with Histologic Type and Implications for Prognosis, 10.1158/1078-0432.ccr-05-0278
  44. SEER cancer statistics review, 1975-2008 (2011)
  45. NATSUIZAKA MITSUTERU, OMURA TAKUMI, AKAIKE TORU, KUWATA YASUAKI, YAMAZAKI KATSU, SATO TAKAHIRO, KARINO YOSHIYASU, TOYOTA JOUJI, SUGA TOSHIHIRO, ASAKA MASAHIRO, Clinical features of hepatocellular carcinoma with extrahepatic metastases, 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2005.03919.x
  46. Selvasekaran, Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int, 6, 650 (2007)
  47. Köklü Seyfettin, Arhan Mehmet, Köksal Aydin, Ülker Aysel, Temuçin Tülay, An Unusual Presentation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma, 10.1385/ijgc:34:2-3:063
  48. Terada, Int J Clin Exp Pathol, 6, 816 (2013)
  49. Kobayashi Kiyoyuki, Himoto Takashi, Tani Joji, Miyoshi Hisaaki, Yoneyama Hirohito, Deguchi Akihiro, Kurokohchi Kazutaka, Mori Hirohito, Hoshikawa Hiroshi, Ueno Masaki, Masaki Tsutomu, A Rare Case of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Accompanied by Metastasis of a Cervical Lymph Node, 10.2169/internalmedicine.51.6764
  50. Yan Benjamin C., Gong Can, Song Jie, Krausz Thomas, Tretiakova Maria, Hyjek Elizabeth, Al-Ahmadie Hikmat, Alves Venancio, Xiao Shu-Yuan, Anders Robert A., Hart John A., Arginase-1 : A New Immunohistochemical Marker of Hepatocytes and Hepatocellular Neoplasms, 10.1097/pas.0b013e3181e5dffa
  51. Kandil Dina H., Cooper Kumarasen, Glypican-3 : A Novel Diagnostic Marker for Hepatocellular Carcinoma and More, 10.1097/pap.0b013e3181992455
  52. Westreich Richard, Brower Steven, Lawson William, Primary Lymph Node Malignant Gastrinoma with Metastasis to Virchow's Node: A Case Report, 10.1016/j.otohns.2004.03.017
  53. Arnold, Surgery, 116, 1123 (1994)
  54. Pritchyk Keith M., Schiff Bradley A., Newkirk Kenneth A., Krowiak Edward, Deeb Ziad E., Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma to the Head and Neck : , 10.1097/00005537-200209000-00012
  55. Langille, J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 37, 515 (2008)
  56. Miyamoto Richard, Helmus Christian, HYPERNEPHROMA METASTATIC TO THE HEAD AND NECK : , 10.1288/00005537-197306000-00007
  57. Cheng, Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 122, 464 (2000)
  58. Boles, Mich Med, 70, 616 (1971)
  59. Batson Oscar V., THE FUNCTION OF THE VERTEBRAL VEINS AND THEIR ROLE IN THE SPREAD OF METASTASES : , 10.1097/00000658-194007000-00016
  60. Behnes Carl Ludwig, Schlegel Christina, Shoukier Moneef, Magiera Isabella, Henschke Frank, Schwarz Alexander, Bremmer Felix, Loertzer Hagen, Hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma primarily diagnosed in a cervical lymph node: a case report of a 30-year-old woman with multiple metastases, 10.1186/1471-2490-13-3
  61. Tong Guo-Xia, Yu Woojin M, Beaubier Nike T, Weeden Erin M, Hamele-Bena Diane, Mansukhani Mahesh M, O'Toole Kathleen M, Expression of PAX8 in normal and neoplastic renal tissues: an immunohistochemical study, 10.1038/modpathol.2009.88
  62. Nonaka, Mod Pathol, 21, 192 (2008)
  63. Fabbro, Cancer Res, 54, 4744 (1994)
  64. Simo Ricard, Sykes Andrew J., Hargreaves Simon P., Axon Patrick R., Birzgalis Andrew R., Slevin Nick J., Farrington W. Trevor, Metastatic renal cell carcinoma to the nose and paranasal sinuses, 10.1002/1097-0347(200010)22:7<722::aid-hed13>;2-0
  65. Som, AJNR Am J Neuroradiol, 8, 1103 (1987)
  66. Gottlieb Marc D., Roland J. Thomas, Paradoxical spread of renal cell carcinoma to the head and neck, 10.1097/00005537-199809000-00007
  67. Larkin James MG, Chowdhury Simon, Gore Martin E, Drug Insight: advances in renal cell carcinoma and the role of targeted therapies, 10.1038/ncponc0901
  68. Reese David M., Corry Michelle, Small Eric J., Infusional floxuridine-based therapy for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, 10.1002/(sici)1097-0142(20000315)88:6<1310::aid-cncr6>;2-6
  69. Pusztaszeri Marc, Douaihy Nadim, Pelte Marie-Françoise, Pache Jean-Claude, Cervical lymph node metastasis of a micropapillary carcinoma of the bladder: A case report with fine-needle aspiration cytology and differential diagnosis, 10.1002/dc.22845
  71. Miettinen Markku, McCue Peter A., Sarlomo-Rikala Maarit, Rys Janusz, Czapiewski Piotr, Wazny Krzysztof, Langfort Renata, Waloszczyk Piotr, Biernat Wojciech, Lasota Jerzy, Wang Zengfeng, GATA3 : A Multispecific But Potentially Useful Marker in Surgical Pathology, 10.1097/pas.0b013e3182a0218f
  72. Chen Chien-Wen, Torng Pao-Ling, Chen Chi-Ling, Chen Chi-An, Clinical features and outcomes of neck lymphatic metastasis in ovarian epithelial carcinoma, 10.1186/1477-7819-11-255
  73. Dvoretsky Philip M., Richards Keith A., Angel Cynthia, Rabinowitz Larry, Stoler Mark H., Beecham Jackson B., Bonfiglio Thomas A., Distribution of disease at autopsy in 100 women with ovarian cancer, 10.1016/s0046-8177(88)80316-2
  74. Euscher Elizabeth D, Silva Elvio G, Deavers Michael T, Elishaev Esther, Gershenson David M, Malpica Anais, Serous Carcinoma of the Ovary, Fallopian Tube, or Peritoneum Presenting as Lymphadenopathy : , 10.1097/01.pas.0000131530.67979.47
  75. He, Oncol Lett, 6, 448 (2013)
  76. Malpica Anais, Deavers Michael T., Gershenson David, Tortolero-Luna Guillermo, Silva Elvio G., Serous Tumors Involving Extra-abdominal/Extra-pelvic Sites After the Diagnosis of an Ovarian Serous Neoplasm of Low Malignant Potential : , 10.1097/00000478-200108000-00002
  77. Verbruggen Marjolijn B., Verheijen Ren?? H.M., van de Goot Frank R.W., van Beurden Marc, Dorsman Josephine C., van Diest Paul J., Serous Borderline Tumor of the Ovary Presenting With Cervical Lymph Node Involvement : A Report of 3 Cases, 10.1097/00000478-200606000-00010
  78. Fujiwara Mika, Taube Janis, Sharma Mima, McCalmont Timothy H., Kim Jinah, PAX8 discriminates ovarian metastases from adnexal tumors and other cutaneous metastases, 10.1111/j.1600-0560.2010.01564.x
  79. Baker, Int J Gynecol Pathol, 24, 39 (2005)
  80. McCluggage W. Glenn, Young Robert H., Immunohistochemistry as a diagnostic aid in the evaluation of ovarian tumors, 10.1053/j.semdp.2005.11.002
  81. Berek Jonathan S., Lymph Node-Positive Stage IIIC Ovarian Cancer : A Separate Entity?, 10.1111/igc.0b013e3181bf8111
  82. Henriksen Erle, The lymphatic spread of carcinoma of the cervix and of the body of the uterus, 10.1016/0002-9378(49)90200-8
  83. Tran Binh N, Grigsby Perry W, Dehdashti Farrokh, Herzog Thomas J, Siegel Barry A, Occult supraclavicular lymph node metastasis identified by FDG-PET in patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix, 10.1016/s0090-8258(03)00402-5
  84. Diddle A. W., Carcinoma of the cervix uteri with metastases to the neck, 10.1002/1097-0142(197202)29:2<453::aid-cncr2820290230>;2-7
  85. Qiu, Eur J Gynaecol Oncol, 28, 33 (2007)
  86. Oosaki, Obstetrics and Gynecology Therapy, 73, 357 (1996)
  87. Kojima Masataka, Yokoyama Junkichi, Ito Shin, Ohba Shinichi, Fujimaki Mitsuhisa, Ikeda Katsuhisa, Impact of middle and lower jugular neck dissection on supraclavicular lymph node metastasis from endometrial carcinoma, 10.1186/1477-7819-10-143
  88. Woo, Rev Urol, 3, 102 (2001)
  89. Saitoh Hiroshi, Hida Miho, Shimbo Takao, Nakamura Kazuyoshi, Yamagata Jun, Satoh Takeshi, Metastatic patterns of prostatic cancer: Correlation between sites and number of organs involved, 10.1002/1097-0142(19841215)54:12<3078::aid-cncr2820541245>;2-u
  90. Hematpour Khashayar, Bennett Carol J., Rogers David, Head Christian S., Supraclavicular lymph node: incidence of unsuspected metastatic prostate cancer, 10.1007/s00405-006-0066-2
  91. Flocks R. H., Boatman D. L., Incidence of head and neck metastases from genito-urinary neoplasms : HEAD AND NECK METASTASES, 10.1288/00005537-197309000-00011
  92. Lin Yuan-Yung, Lin Deng-Shan, Kang Bor-Hwang, Lin Yaoh-Shiang, Neck mass as the first presentation of metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma, 10.1016/j.jcma.2011.09.012
  93. Epstein, Am J Surg Pathol, 38, e6 (2014)
  94. Greene Frederick L., Sobin Leslie H., The TNM system: Our language for cancer care, 10.1002/jso.10114
  95. Carleton J, van der Riet P, Dahm P, Metastatic prostate cancer presenting as an asymptomatic neck mass, 10.1038/sj.pcan.4500805
  96. Wang, Chang Gung Med J, 27, 840 (2004)
  97. Ahamed SH, Agarwal AK, Raju PPJ, Metastatic prostate carcinoma presenting as supraclavicular lymphadenopathy – is it unusual?, 10.1308/147870806x129278
  98. See William A., Laurenzo John F., Dreicer Robert, Hoffman Henry T., Incidence and Management of Testicular Carcinoma Metastatic to the Neck, 10.1016/s0022-5347(01)66458-9
  99. Wood A., Robson N., Tung K., Mead G., Patterns of supradiaphragmatic metastases in testicular germ cell tumours, 10.1016/s0009-9260(96)80345-x
  100. Gopalan Anuradha, Dhall Deepti, Olgac Semra, Fine Samson W, Korkola James E, Houldsworth Jane, Chaganti Raju S, Bosl George J, Reuter Victor E, Tickoo Satish K, Testicular mixed germ cell tumors: a morphological and immunohistochemical study using stem cell markers, OCT3/4, SOX2 and GDF3, with emphasis on morphologically difficult-to-classify areas, 10.1038/modpathol.2009.66
  101. Cao Dengfeng, Li Jianping, Guo Charles C., Allan Robert W., Humphrey Peter A., SALL4 Is a Novel Diagnostic Marker for Testicular Germ Cell Tumors : , 10.1097/pas.0b013e3181a13eef
  102. Ulbright Thomas M, Germ cell tumors of the gonads: a selective review emphasizing problems in differential diagnosis, newly appreciated, and controversial issues, 10.1038/modpathol.3800310
  103. Gupta Amit, Feifer Andrew H., Gotto Geoffrey T., Kraus Dennis, Motzer Robert, Bosl George J., Bajorin D., Feldman Darren R., Carver Brett, Sheinfeld Joel, Outcomes After Resection of Postchemotherapy Residual Neck Mass in Patients With Germ Cell Tumors—An Update, 10.1016/j.urology.2010.10.002
  104. Lee Jivianne T., Calcaterra Thomas C., Testicular carcinoma metastatic to the neck, 10.1016/s0196-0709(98)90007-2
  105. Zeph R. D., Weisberger E. C., Einhorn L. H., Williams S. D., Lingeman R. E., Modified Neck Dissection for Metastatic Testicular Carcinoma, 10.1001/archotol.1985.00800120061007
  106. Weisberger Edward C., McBride Lawrence C., Modified Neck Dissection for Metastatic Nonseminomatous Testicular Carcinoma, 10.1097/00005537-199908000-00011
  107. Sheinfeld, Urol Clin North Am, 20, 133 (1993)
  108. Liwnicz Boleslaw H., Rubinstein Lucien J., The pathways of extraneural spread in metastasizing gliomas, 10.1016/s0046-8177(79)80051-9
  109. Tascos Nicholas A., Parr Justin, Gonatas Nicholas K., Immunocytochemical study of the glial fibrillary acidic protein in human neoplasms of the central nervous system, 10.1016/s0046-8177(82)80028-2
  110. Coffin, Mod Pathol, 3, 164 (1990)
  111. Schweizer Leonille, Koelsche Christian, Sahm Felix, Piro Rosario M., Capper David, Reuss David E., Pusch Stefan, Habel Antje, Meyer Jochen, Göck Tanja, Jones David T. W., Mawrin Christian, Schittenhelm Jens, Becker Albert, Heim Stephanie, Simon Matthias, Herold-Mende Christel, Mechtersheimer Gunhild, Paulus Werner, König Rainer, Wiestler Otmar D., Pfister Stefan M., von Deimling Andreas, Meningeal hemangiopericytoma and solitary fibrous tumors carry the NAB2-STAT6 fusion and can be diagnosed by nuclear expression of STAT6 protein, 10.1007/s00401-013-1117-6
  112. Blankenstein M.A., Blaauw G., Lamberts S.W.J., Mulder E., Presence of progesterone receptors and absence of oestrogen receptors in human intracranial meningioma cytosols, 10.1016/0277-5379(83)90134-7
  113. Schnitt Stuart J., Vogel Hannes, Meningiomas Diagnostic Value of Immunoperoxidase Staining for Epithelial Membrane Antigen : , 10.1097/00000478-198609000-00006
  114. Gezen, Turk Neurosurg, 4, 132 (1994)
  115. Fabi, Anticancer Res, 24, 2563 (2004)
  116. Lun Melody, Lok Edwin, Gautam Shiva, Wu Erxi, Wong Eric T., The natural history of extracranial metastasis from glioblastoma multiforme, 10.1007/s11060-011-0575-8
  117. Souhami Luis, Seiferheld Wendy, Brachman David, Podgorsak Ervin B., Werner-Wasik Maria, Lustig Robert, Schultz Christopher J., Sause William, Okunieff Paul, Buckner Jan, Zamorano Lucia, Mehta Minesh P., Curran Walter J., Randomized comparison of stereotactic radiosurgery followed by conventional radiotherapy with carmustine to conventional radiotherapy with carmustine for patients with glioblastoma multiforme: Report of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 93-05 protocol, 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2004.04.011
  118. Mondin Vanni, Ferlito Alfio, Devaney Kenneth O., Woolgar Julia A., Rinaldo Alessandra, A survey of metastatic central nervous system tumors to cervical lymph nodes, 10.1007/s00405-010-1357-1
  119. Taha M., Ahmad A., Wharton S., Jellinek D., Extra-cranial metastasis of glioblastoma multiforme presenting as acute parotitis, 10.1080/02688690500305506
  120. Beauchesne Patrick, Soler Claude, Mosnier Jean-François, Diffuse vertebral body metastasis from a glioblastoma multiforme: a technetium-99m Sestamibi single-photon emission computerized tomography study : Case report, 10.3171/jns.2000.93.5.0887
  121. Armstrong Terri S., Prabhu Sujit, Aldape Kenneth, Hossan Betsy, Kang Sanghee, Childress Amanda, Tolentino Lori, Gilbert Mark R., A case of soft tissue metastasis from glioblastoma and review of the literature, 10.1007/s11060-010-0370-y
  122. Mujtaba, J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 23, 160 (2013)
  123. Lopez-Gines Concha, Gil-Benso Rosario, Faus Carmen, Monleon Daniel, Mata Manolo, Morales Jose Manuel, Cigudosa Juan C, Gonzalez-Darder Jose, Celda Bernardo, Cerda-Nicolas Miguel, Metastasizing anaplastic ependymoma in an adult. Chromosomal imbalances, metabolic and gene expression profiles, 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2009.03235.x
  124. Rastogi Neeraj, Jain Manoj, Chhabra Poonam, Kumar Pavan, Extraneural metastases in anaplastic ependymoma, 10.4103/0973-1482.34689
  125. Davis Matthew J., Hasan Fauzia, Weinreb Ilan, Wallace M. Christopher, Kiehl Tim-Rasmus, Extraventricular anaplastic ependymoma with metastasis to scalp and neck, 10.1007/s11060-010-0525-x
  126. Friedman, Cancer Res, 55, 2853 (1995)
  127. NOSHITA Nobuo, MASHIYAMA Shoji, FUKAWA Osamu, ASANO Shigeyuki, WATANABE Mika, TOMINAGA Teiji, Extracranial Metastasis of Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma With 1p19q Loss of Heterozygosity, 10.2176/nmc.50.161
  128. Zustovich F., Della Puppa A., Scienza R., Anselmi P., Furlan C., Cartei G., Metastatic oligodendrogliomas: a review of the literature and case report, 10.1007/s00701-008-1507-z
  129. Rochkind S, Blatt I, Sadeh M, Goldhammer Y, Extracranial metastases of medulloblastoma in adults: literature review., 10.1136/jnnp.54.1.80
  130. Kochbati Lotfi, Bouaouina Noureddine, Hentati Dalenda, Nasr Chiraz, Besbes Mounir, Benna Farouk, Boussen Hamouda, Maalej Mongi, Medulloblastoma with extracentral nervous system metastases: clinical presentation and risk factors, 10.1016/j.canrad.2006.02.004
  131. Watterson Jan, Simonton Susan C., Rorke Lucy B., Packer Roger J., Kim Tae H., Spiegel Ronald H., Priest John R., Fatal brain stem necrosis after standard posterior fossa radiation and aggressive chemotherapy for metastatic medulloblastoma, 10.1002/1097-0142(19930615)71:12<4111::aid-cncr2820711250>;2-4
  132. Rickert, Acta Neuropathol, 105, 309 (2003)
  133. Karasick Jeffrey L., Mullan Sean F., A survey of metastatic meningiomas, 10.3171/jns.1974.40.2.0206
  134. Al�n J. F., Lobato R. D., G�mez P. A., Boto G. R., Lagares A., Ramos A., Ricoy J. R., Intracranial Hemangiopericytoma: Study of 12 Cases, 10.1007/s007010170062
  135. Henriquez Antonio S., Robertson David M., Marshall W. John S., Primary neuroblastoma of the central nervous system with spontaneous extracranial metastases : Case report, 10.3171/jns.1973.38.2.0226
  136. Cartwright David M., Miller Theodore R., Nasr Anthony J., Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of pituitary carcinoma with cervical lymph node metastases: A report of two cases and review of the literature, 10.1002/dc.2840110116
  137. Yu I-Ting, Ho Donald M., Wong Tai-Tong, Liu Hung-Chang, Congenital cerebral primitive neuroectodermal tumor with astrocytic differentiation and extracranial metastases, 10.1007/bf00308497