User menu

Towards scalable production of polyamide 12/halloysite nanocomposites via water-assisted extrusion: mechanical modeling, thermal and fire properties

Bibliographic reference Lecouvet, Benoît ; Sclavons, Michel ; Bourbigot, S. ; Bailly, Christian. Towards scalable production of polyamide 12/halloysite nanocomposites via water-assisted extrusion: mechanical modeling, thermal and fire properties. In: Polymers for Advanced Technologies, Vol. 25, no.2, p. 137-151 (February 2014)
Permanent URL
  1. Giannelis Emmanuel P., Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites, 10.1002/adma.19960080104
  2. Alexandre Michael, Dubois Philippe, Polymer-layered silicate nanocomposites: preparation, properties and uses of a new class of materials, 10.1016/s0927-796x(00)00012-7
  3. Usuki Arimitsu, Kojima Yoshitsugu, Kawasumi Masaya, Okada Akane, Fukushima Yoshiaki, Kurauchi Toshio, Kamigaito Osami, Synthesis of nylon 6-clay hybrid, 10.1557/jmr.1993.1179
  4. Usuki Arimitsu, Hasegawa Naoki, Kato Makoto, Kobayashi Shiro, Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites, Inorganic Polymeric Nanocomposites and Membranes ISBN:9783540253259 p.135-195, 10.1007/b104481
  5. LeBaron P, Polymer-layered silicate nanocomposites: an overview, 10.1016/s0169-1317(99)00017-4
  6. Fornes T. D., Paul D. R., Structure and Properties of Nanocomposites Based on Nylon-11 and -12 Compared with Those Based on Nylon-6, 10.1021/ma048757o
  7. Lu Chunsheng, Mai Yiu-Wing, Influence of Aspect Ratio on Barrier Properties of Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites, 10.1103/physrevlett.95.088303
  8. Zhu Jin, Uhl Fawn M., Morgan Alexander B., Wilkie Charles A., Studies on the Mechanism by Which the Formation of Nanocomposites Enhances Thermal Stability†, 10.1021/cm010451y
  9. Hapuarachchi Tharindu Dhanushka, Peijs Ton, Bilotti Emiliano, Thermal degradation and flammability behavior of polypropylene/clay/carbon nanotube composite systems : POLYPROPYLENE/CLAY/CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITE SYSTEMS, 10.1002/pat.3087
  10. Bartholmai Matthias, Schartel Bernhard, Layered silicate polymer nanocomposites: new approach or illusion for fire retardancy? Investigations of the potentials and the tasks using a model system, 10.1002/pat.483
  11. Kashiwagi Takashi, Harris Richard H., Zhang Xin, Briber R.M., Cipriano Bani H., Raghavan Srinivasa R., Awad Walid H., Shields John R., Flame retardant mechanism of polyamide 6–clay nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.polymer.2003.11.036
  12. Morgan Alexander B., Flame retarded polymer layered silicate nanocomposites: a review of commercial and open literature systems, 10.1002/pat.685
  13. Frost R.L., Raman Microprobe Spectroscopy of Halloysite, 10.1346/ccmn.1997.0450107
  14. Hedicke-Höchstötter Katrin, Lim Goy Teck, Altstädt Volker, Novel polyamide nanocomposites based on silicate nanotubes of the mineral halloysite, 10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.10.011
  15. Handge Ulrich A., Hedicke-Höchstötter Katrin, Altstädt Volker, Composites of polyamide 6 and silicate nanotubes of the mineral halloysite: Influence of molecular weight on thermal, mechanical and rheological properties, 10.1016/j.polymer.2010.04.041
  16. Guo Baochun, Zou Quanliang, Lei Yanda, Jia Demin, Structure and Performance of Polyamide 6/Halloysite Nanotubes Nanocomposites, 10.1295/polymj.pj2009110
  17. Lecouvet B., Gutierrez J.G., Sclavons M., Bailly C., Structure–property relationships in polyamide 12/halloysite nanotube nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2010.11.006
  18. Du, e-Polymers, 130, 1 (2008)
  19. Ning Nan-ying, Yin Qin-jian, Luo Feng, Zhang Qin, Du Rongni, Fu Qiang, Crystallization behavior and mechanical properties of polypropylene/halloysite composites, 10.1016/j.polymer.2007.10.005
  20. Prashantha K., Lacrampe M. F., Krawczak P., Processing and characterization of halloysite nanotubes filled polypropylene nanocomposites based on a masterbatch route: effect of halloysites treatment on structural and mechanical properties, 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2011.30
  21. Lecouvet B., Sclavons M., Bourbigot S., Devaux J., Bailly C., Water-assisted extrusion as a novel processing route to prepare polypropylene/halloysite nanotube nanocomposites: Structure and properties, 10.1016/j.polymer.2011.07.021
  22. Du Mingliang, Guo Baochun, Lei Yanda, Liu Mingxian, Jia Demin, Carboxylated butadiene–styrene rubber/halloysite nanotube nanocomposites: Interfacial interaction and performance, 10.1016/j.polymer.2008.08.042
  23. Rooj Sandip, Das Amit, Thakur Varun, Mahaling R.N., Bhowmick Anil K., Heinrich Gert, Preparation and properties of natural nanocomposites based on natural rubber and naturally occurring halloysite nanotubes, 10.1016/j.matdes.2009.11.009
  24. Rooj Sandip, Das Amit, Heinrich Gert, Tube-like natural halloysite/fluoroelastomer nanocomposites with simultaneous enhanced mechanical, dynamic mechanical and thermal properties, 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2011.06.007
  25. Ye Yueping, Chen Haibin, Wu Jingshen, Ye Lin, High impact strength epoxy nanocomposites with natural nanotubes, 10.1016/j.polymer.2007.08.035
  26. Liu Mingxian, Guo Baochun, Du Mingliang, Lei Yanda, Jia Demin, Natural inorganic nanotubes reinforced epoxy resin nanocomposites, 10.1007/s10965-007-9160-4
  27. Deng Shiqiang, Zhang Jianing, Ye Lin, Wu Jingshen, Toughening epoxies with halloysite nanotubes, 10.1016/j.polymer.2008.09.027
  28. Ye Yueping, Chen Haibin, Wu Jingshen, Chan Chi Ming, Evaluation on the thermal and mechanical properties of HNT-toughened epoxy/carbon fibre composites, 10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.05.010
  29. Prashantha, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 128, 1895 (2013)
  30. Murariu Marius, Dechief Anne-Laure, Paint Yoann, Peeterbroeck Sophie, Bonnaud Leila, Dubois Philippe, Polylactide (PLA)—Halloysite Nanocomposites: Production, Morphology and Key-Properties, 10.1007/s10924-012-0488-4
  31. Prashantha K., Schmitt H., Lacrampe M.F., Krawczak P., Mechanical behaviour and essential work of fracture of halloysite nanotubes filled polyamide 6 nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.compscitech.2011.08.019
  32. Zhao M., Liu P., Halloysite nanotubes/polystyrene (HNTs/PS) nanocomposites via in situ bulk polymerization, 10.1007/s10973-007-8677-4
  33. Du Mingliang, Guo Baochun, Jia Demin, Thermal stability and flame retardant effects of halloysite nanotubes on poly(propylene), 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2005.12.006
  34. Jia Zhixin, Luo Yuanfang, Guo Baochun, Yang Bingtao, Du Mingliang, Jia Demin, Reinforcing and Flame-Retardant Effects of Halloysite Nanotubes on LLDPE, 10.1080/03602550902824440
  35. Marney D.C.O., Russell L.J., Wu D.Y., Nguyen T., Cramm D., Rigopoulos N., Wright N., Greaves M., The suitability of halloysite nanotubes as a fire retardant for nylon 6, 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2008.06.018
  36. Marney D. C. O., Yang W., Russell L. J., Shen S. Z., Nguyen T., Yuan Q., Varley R., Li S., Phosphorus intercalation of halloysite nanotubes for enhanced fire properties of polyamide 6 : PHOSPHORUS INTERCALATION OF HALLOYSITE NANOTUBES, 10.1002/pat.3030
  37. R. A. Korbee A. A. Van Geneen WO 1999 029767
  38. Touchaleaume F., Soulestin J., Sclavons M., Devaux J., Lacrampe M.F., Krawczak P., One-step water-assisted melt-compounding of polyamide 6/pristine clay nanocomposites: An efficient way to prevent matrix degradation, 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2011.07.005
  39. Molajavadi Vadoud, Garmabi Hamid, Water assisted exfoliation of PA6/clay nanocomposites using a twin screw extruder: Effect of water contact time, 10.1002/app.32766
  40. Stoclet Gregory, Sclavons Michel, Devaux Jacques, Relations between structure and property of polyamide 11 nanocomposites based on raw clays elaborated by water-assisted extrusion, 10.1002/app.38053
  41. Siengchin S., Karger-Kocsis J., Thomann R., Nanofilled and/or toughened POM composites produced by water-mediated melt compounding: Structure and mechanical properties, 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2008.88
  42. Mainil Michaël, Urbanczyk Laetitia, Calberg Cédric, Germain Albert, Jerome Christine, Bourbigot Serge, Devaux Jacques, Sclavons Michel, Morphology and properties of SAN-clay nanocomposites prepared principally by water-assisted extrusion, 10.1002/pen.21501
  43. Rousseaux Dimitri D.J., Sallem-Idrissi Naïma, Baudouin Anne-Christine, Devaux Jacques, Godard Pierre, Marchand-Brynaert Jacqueline, Sclavons Michel, Water-assisted extrusion of polypropylene/clay nanocomposites: A comprehensive study, 10.1016/j.polymer.2010.11.027
  44. Fedullo Nicolas, Sclavons Michel, Bailly Christian, Lefebvre Jean-Marc, Devaux Jacques, Nanocomposites from Untreated Clay : A Myth ?, 10.1002/masy.200690023
  45. Fedullo Nicolas, Sorlier Elodie, Sclavons Michel, Bailly Christian, Lefebvre Jean-Marc, Devaux Jacques, Polymer-based nanocomposites: Overview, applications and perspectives, 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2006.09.028
  46. Wevers Marjoleine G.M., Pijpers Thijs F.J., Mathot Vincent B.F., The way to measure quantitatively full dissolution and crystallization of polyamides in water up to 200°C and above by DSC, 10.1016/j.tca.2006.10.020
  47. Charlet Karine, Mathot Vincent, Devaux Jacques, Crystallization and dissolution behaviour of polyamide 6-water systems under pressure, 10.1002/pi.2920
  48. La Mantia F.P, Scaffaro R, Melt stabilization of wet polyamide 6, 10.1016/s0141-3910(01)00250-6
  49. Yu Zhong-Zhen, Hu Guo-Hua, Varlet Joel, Dasari Aravind, Mai Yiu-Wing, Water-assisted melt compounding of nylon-6/pristine montmorillonite nanocomposites, 10.1002/polb.20397
  50. Touchaleaume F., Soulestin J., Sclavons M., Devaux J., Cordenier F., Van Velthem P., Flat J. J., Lacrampe M. F., Krawczak P., Efficient one-step melt-compounding of copolyetheramide/pristine clay nanocomposites using water-injection as intercalating/exfoliating aid, 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2011.106
  51. Delobel René, Bras Michel Le, Ouassou Najib, Alistiqsa Fatia, Thermal Behaviours of Ammonium Polyphosphate-Pentaerythritol and Ammonium Pyrophosphate-Pentaerythritol Intumescent Additives in Polypropylene Formulations, 10.1177/073490419000800202
  52. Hull D., Clyne T. W., An Introduction to Composite Materials, ISBN:9781139170130, 10.1017/cbo9781139170130
  53. Affdl J. C. Halpin, Kardos J. L., The Halpin-Tsai equations: A review, 10.1002/pen.760160512
  54. Halpin, J. Compos. Mater., 3, 732 (1969)
  55. M. Van Es Polymer-clay nanocomposites-the importance of particle dimensions 2001
  56. Durmus Ali, Kasgöz Ahmet, Macosko Christopher, Mechanical Properties of Linear Low-density Polyethylene (LLDPE)/clay Nanocomposites: Estimation of Aspect Ratio and Interfacial Strength by Composite Models, 10.1080/00222340801957780
  57. Callister, Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction (2003)
  58. Pukánszky, Interfaces in polymer, ceramic and metal matrix composites, 467 (1988)
  59. Turcsányi B., Pukánszky B., Tüdõs F., Composition dependence of tensile yield stress in filled polymers, 10.1007/bf01730605
  60. Pukánszky, Compos. Interfaces, 5, 411 (1993)
  61. Nicolais L., Narkis M., Stress-strain behavior of styrene-acrylonitrile/glass bead composites in the glassy region, 10.1002/pen.760110305
  62. Százdi László, Pukánszky Béla, Vancso G. Julius, Pukánszky Béla, Quantitative estimation of the reinforcing effect of layered silicates in PP nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.polymer.2006.04.053
  63. Százdi László, Pozsgay András, Pukánszky Béla, Factors and processes influencing the reinforcing effect of layered silicates in polymer nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2006.11.005
  64. Puffr R., Šebenda J., On the Structure and Properties of Polyamides. XXVII. The Mechanism of Water Sorption in Polyamides, 10.1002/polc.5070160109
  65. Levis S.R., Deasy P.B., Characterisation of halloysite for use as a microtubular drug delivery system, 10.1016/s0378-5173(02)00274-0
  66. LIU P, ZHANG L, Adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions or suspensions with clay nano-adsorbents, 10.1016/j.seppur.2007.07.007
  67. Sakiewicz, J. Achiev. Mater. Manuf. Eng., 48, 177 (2011)
  68. Zhao Mingfei, Liu Peng, Adsorption behavior of methylene blue on halloysite nanotubes, 10.1016/j.micromeso.2007.10.018
  69. Pavlidou S., Papaspyrides C.D., A review on polymer–layered silicate nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2008.07.008
  70. Aït Hocine N., Médéric P., Aubry T., Mechanical properties of polyamide-12 layered silicate nanocomposites and their relations with structure, 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2007.12.002
  71. Osman Maged A., Rupp Jörg E.P., Suter Ulrich W., Tensile properties of polyethylene-layered silicate nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.polymer.2004.11.112
  72. Shan Gui-Fang, Yang Wei, Yang Ming-Bo, Xie Bang-Hu, Fu Qiang, Mai Yiu-Wing, Investigation on Tensile Deformation Behavior of Semi-Crystalline Polymers, 10.1080/00222340902942095
  73. Lecouvet B, Horion J, D’Haese C, Bailly C, Nysten B, Elastic modulus of halloysite nanotubes, 10.1088/0957-4484/24/10/105704
  74. Sinha Ray Suprakas, Okamoto Masami, Polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites: a review from preparation to processing, 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2003.08.002
  75. Filippone G., Dintcheva N.Tz., Acierno D., La Mantia F.P., The role of organoclay in promoting co-continuous morphology in high-density poly(ethylene)/poly(amide) 6 blends, 10.1016/j.polymer.2008.01.045
  76. Phang In Yee, Liu Tianxi, Mohamed Ashiq, Pramoda Kumari Pallathadka, Chen Ling, Shen Lu, Chow Shue Yin, He Chaobin, Lu Xuehong, Hu Xiao, Morphology, thermal and mechanical properties of nylon 12/organoclay nanocomposites prepared by melt compounding, 10.1002/pi.1721
  77. Bilotti E., Zhang R., Deng H., Quero F., Fischer H.R., Peijs T., Sepiolite needle-like clay for PA6 nanocomposites: An alternative to layered silicates?, 10.1016/j.compscitech.2009.07.016
  78. Barber Asa H., Cohen Sidney R., Wagner H. Daniel, Measurement of carbon nanotube–polymer interfacial strength, 10.1063/1.1579568
  79. Coleman J. N., Cadek M., Blake R., Nicolosi V., Ryan K. P., Belton C., Fonseca A., Nagy J. B., Gun'ko Y. K., Blau W. J., High Performance Nanotube-Reinforced Plastics: Understanding the Mechanism of Strength Increase, 10.1002/adfm.200305200
  80. Frankland S. J. V., Caglar A., Brenner D. W., Griebel M., Molecular Simulation of the Influence of Chemical Cross-Links on the Shear Strength of Carbon Nanotube−Polymer Interfaces, 10.1021/jp015591+
  81. Priestley Rodney D., Mundra Manish K., Barnett Nina J., Broadbelt Linda J., Torkelson John M., Effects of Nanoscale Confinement and Interfaces on the Glass Transition Temperatures of a Series of Poly(n-methacrylate) Films, 10.1071/ch07234
  82. Mundra Manish K., Donthu Suresh K., Dravid Vinayak P., Torkelson John M., Effect of Spatial Confinement on the Glass-Transition Temperature of Patterned Polymer Nanostructures, 10.1021/nl062894c
  83. Levchik Sergei V, Weil Edward D, Lewin Menachem, Thermal decomposition of aliphatic nylons, 10.1002/(sici)1097-0126(199907)48:7<532::aid-pi214>;2-r
  84. Davis Rick D, Gilman Jeffery W, VanderHart David L, Processing degradation of polyamide 6/montmorillonite clay nanocomposites and clay organic modifier, 10.1016/s0141-3910(02)00263-x
  85. Herrera M., Matuschek G., Kettrup A., Main products and kinetics of the thermal degradation of polyamides, 10.1016/s0045-6535(00)00233-2
  86. Jang Bok Nam, Wilkie Charles A., The effect of clay on the thermal degradation of polyamide 6 in polyamide 6/clay nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.polymer.2005.02.078
  87. Gilman, Polymer-clay nanocomposites, 193 (2000)
  88. Liu Mingxian, Jia Zhixin, Liu Fang, Jia Demin, Guo Baochun, Tailoring the wettability of polypropylene surfaces with halloysite nanotubes, 10.1016/j.jcis.2010.06.047
  89. Ismail H., Pasbakhsh Pooria, Fauzi M.N. Ahmad, Abu Bakar A., Morphological, thermal and tensile properties of halloysite nanotubes filled ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2008.06.007
  90. Gilman J, Flammability and thermal stability studies of polymer layered-silicate (clay) nanocomposites, 10.1016/s0169-1317(99)00019-8
  91. Schartel B., Bartholmai M., Knoll U., Some comments on the main fire retardancy mechanisms in polymer nanocomposites, 10.1002/pat.792
  92. Kashiwagi Takashi, Grulke Eric, Hilding Jenny, Groth Katrina, Harris Richard, Butler Kathryn, Shields John, Kharchenko Semen, Douglas Jack, Thermal and flammability properties of polypropylene/carbon nanotube nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.polymer.2004.03.088
  93. Gilman Jeffrey W., Flame Retardant Mechanism of Polymer–Clay Nanocomposites, Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites ISBN:9780470109038 p.67-87, 10.1002/9780470109038.ch3
  94. Laoutid F., Bonnaud L., Alexandre M., Lopez-Cuesta J.-M., Dubois Ph., New prospects in flame retardant polymer materials: From fundamentals to nanocomposites, 10.1016/j.mser.2008.09.002
  95. Hornsby Peter R., The application of hydrated mineral fillers as fire retardant and smoke suppressing additives for polymers, 10.1002/masy.19961080117
  96. Rothon R.N., Hornsby P.R., Flame retardant effects of magnesium hydroxide, 10.1016/s0141-3910(96)00067-5