User menu

The ATLAS Inner Detector commissioning and calibration

Bibliographic reference The ATLAS Collaboration ; Aad, Georges ; Jez, Pavel ; et. al. The ATLAS Inner Detector commissioning and calibration. In: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields, Vol. 70, no.3, p. 787-821 (2010)
Permanent URL http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/138150
  1. G. Aad et al., The ATLAS experiment at the CERN large hadron collider. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, S08003 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08003
  2. L. Evans, P. Bryant (eds.), LHC machine. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, S08001 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08001
  3. G. Aad et al., ATLAS pixel detector electronics and sensors. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, P07007 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/P07007
  4. I. Peric et al., The FEI3 readout chip for the ATLAS pixel detector. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 565, 178–187 (2006). doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.05.032
  5. A. Abdesselam et al., The barrel modules of the ATLAS semiconductor tracker. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 568, 642–671 (2006). doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.08.036
  6. A. Abdesselam et al., The ATLAS semiconductor tracker end-cap module. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 575, 353–389 (2007). doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.02.019
  7. A. Ahmad et al., The Silicon microstrip sensors of the ATLAS semiconductor tracker. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 578, 98–118 (2007). doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.04.157
  8. F. Campabadal et al., Design and performance of the ABCD3TA ASIC for readout of silicon strip detectors in the ATLAS semiconductor tracker. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 552, 292–328 (2005). doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.07.002
  9. E. Abat et al., The ATLAS TRT barrel detector. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, P02014 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/02/P02014
  10. E. Abat et al., The ATLAS TRT end-cap detectors. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, P10003 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/10/P10003
  11. E. Abat et al., The ATLAS TRT electronics. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, P06007 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/S08003
  12. V. Cindro et al., The ATLAS beam conditions monitor. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, P02004 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/02/P02004
  13. A. Abdesselam et al., The optical links of the ATLAS semiconductor tracker. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 2, P09003 (2007). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/2/09/P09003
  14. K.K. Gan et al., Optical link of the ATLAS pixel detector. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 570, 292–294 (2007). doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.09.042
  15. P. Moreira et al., G-Link and Gigabit Ethernet compliant serializer for LHC data transmission. IEEE Nucl. Sci. Symp. 2, 96–99 (2000). doi: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2000.949860
  16. M.L. Chu et al., The off-detector opto-electronics for the optical links of the ATLAS semiconductor tracker and pixel detector. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 530, 293–310 (2004). doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.228
  17. P. Lichard et al., Evolution of the TRT backend and the new TRT-TTC board, in Proceedings of the 2005 LECC, Heidelberg. CERN-LHCC-2005-038 (CERN, Geneva, 2005), p. 253
  18. A. Abdesselam et al., The Data acquisition and calibration system for the ATLAS semiconductor tracker. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, P01003 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/01/P01003
  19. D. Attree et al., The evaporative cooling system for the ATLAS inner detector. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, P07003 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/07/P07003
  20. A. Barriuso Poy et al., The detector control system of the ATLAS experiment. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 3, P05006 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/05/P05006
  21. M. White, Data quality monitor for the ATLAS inner detector, in 17th International Workshop on Vertex detectors. Proceedings of Science, 2008. PoS (Vertex 2008) 044
  22. ATLAS Collaboration, The athena framework, in ATLAS Computing Technical Design Report, CERN-LHCC-2005-022 (CERN, Geneva, 2005) p. 27
  23. T. Cornelissen et al., Concepts, Design and Implementation of the ATLAS New Tracking (NEWT). ATLAS Note ATL-SOFT-PUB-2007-007
  24. T. Cornelissen et al., The global χ 2 track fitter in ATLAS. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 119, 032013 (2008). doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/119/3/032013
  25. A. Fratina et al., The TRT Fast-OR Trigger. ATLAS Note ATL-INDET-PUB-2009-002
  26. G. Aad et al., HLT track reconstruction performance, in Expected Performance of the ATLAS Experiment: Detector, Trigger and Physics. CERN-OPEN-2008-020 (CERN, Geneva, 2009), p. 565
  27. A. Dar, Atm. neutrinos, astrophysical neutrons, and proton-decay experiments. Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 227 (1983). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.51.22
  28. C. Amsler et al., The review of particle physics. Phys. Lett. B 667, 1 (2008). doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2008.07.018
  29. S. Agostinelli et al., Geant4—a simulation Toolkit. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 506, 250–303 (2003). doi: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8
  30. J. Allison et al., Geant4 developments and applications. IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 53(1), 270–278 (2006). doi: 10.1109/TNS.2006.869826
  31. K.E. Arms et al., ATLAS pixel opto-electronics. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 554, 458–468 (2005). doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.07.070
  32. M.S. Alam et al., The ATLAS silicon pixel sensors. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 456, 217–232 (2001). doi: 10.1016/S0168-9002(00)00574-X
  33. H. Bichsel, Straggling in thin silicon detectors. Rev. Mod. Phys. 60, 663–669 (1988). doi: 10.1103/RevModPhys.60.663
  34. R.D. Ryan, Precision measurements of the ionization energy and its temperature variation in high purity silicon radiation detectors. IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 20(1), 473–480 (1973). doi: 10.1109/TNS.1973.4326950
  35. P. Christmas, Average energy required to produce an ion pair. Tech. Rep. Report 31 (ICRU, 1979)
  36. R.H. Pehl et al., Accurate determination of the ionization energy in semiconductor devices. Nucl. Instrum. Methods 59, 45–55 (1968)
  37. F. Scholze et al., Determination of the electron-hole pair creation energy for semiconductors from the spectral responsivity of photodiodes. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 439, 208–215 (2000). doi: 10.1016/S0168-9002(99)00937-7
  38. I. Gorelov et al., A measurement of Lorentz angle and spatial resolution of radiation hard silicon pixel sensors. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 481, 204–221 (2002). doi: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)01413-9
  39. ATLAS Collaboration, Alignment requirements, in ATLAS Inner Detector Technical Design Report, vol. I. CERN-LHCC-1997-016 (CERN, Geneva, 1997), p. 215
  40. P. Brükman, A. Hicheur, S.J. Haywood, Global χ 2 Approach to the Alignment of the ATLAS Silicon Tracking Detectors. ATLAS Note ATL-INDET-PUB-2005-002
  41. R. Härtel, Iterative local χ 2 alignment approach for the ATLAS SCT detector. Master’s thesis, MPI Munich (2005)
  42. T. Göttfert, Iterative local χ 2 alignment algorithm for the ATLAS Pixel detector. Master’s thesis, Universität Würzburg and MPI Munich (2006)
  43. F. Heinemann, Track Based Alignment of the ATLAS Silicon Detectors with the Robust Alignment Algorithm. ATLAS Note ATL-INDET-PUB-2007-011
  44. A. Andreazza, V. Kostyukhin, R.J. Madaras, Survey of the ATLAS Pixel Detector Components. ATLAS Note ATL-INDET-PUB-2008-012
  45. C. Jacoboni et al., A review of some charge transport properties of silicon. Solid State Electron. 20, 77–89 (1977). doi: 10.1016/0038-1101(77)90054-5
  46. F. Campabadal et al., Beam tests of ATLAS SCT silicon strip detector modules. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 538, 384–407 (2005). doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.08.133