User menu

Assessment of the "skin reservoir" of urea by confocal Raman microspectroscopy and reverse iontophoresis in vivo.

Bibliographic reference Wascotte, Valentine ; Caspers, Peter ; de Sterke, Johanna ; Jadoul, Michel ; Guy, Richard H ; et. al. Assessment of the "skin reservoir" of urea by confocal Raman microspectroscopy and reverse iontophoresis in vivo.. In: Pharmaceutical research, Vol. 24, no. 10, p. 1897-901 (2007)
Permanent URL
  1. M. J. Tierney, J. A. Tamada, R. O. Potts, L. Jovanovic, and S. Garg. Clinical evaluation of the GlucoWatch biographer: a continual, non-invasive glucose monitor for patients with diabetes. Biosens. Bioelectron. 16:621–629 (2001).
  2. B. Leboulanger, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro. Reverse iontophoresis for non-invasive transdermal monitoring. Physiol. Meas. 25:R35–R50 (2004).
  3. V. Wascotte, M. B. Delgado-Charro, E. Rozet, P. Wallemacq, P. Hubert, R. Guy, and V. Preat. Monitoring of urea and potassium by reverse iontophoresis in vitro. Pharm. Res. (in press) (2007).
  4. M. Gniadecka, O. Faurskov Nielsen, D. H. Christensen, and H. C. Wulf. Structure of water, proteins, and lipids in intact human skin, hair and nail. J. Invest. Dermatol. 110:393–398 (1998).
  5. B. W. Barry, H. G. M. Edwards, and A. C. Williams. Fourier transform Raman and infrared vibrational study of human skin: assignment of spectral bands. J. Raman Spectrosc. 23:641–645 (1992).
  6. K. U. Schallreuter, J. Moore, J. M. Wood, W. D. Beazley, D. C. Gaze, D. J. Tobin, H. S. Marshall, A. Panske, E. Panzig, and N. A. Hibberts. In vivo and in vitro evidence for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) accumulation in the epidermis of patients with vitiligo and its successful removal by a UVB-activated pseudocatalase. J. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc. 4:91–96 (1999).
  7. J. Wohlrab, A. Vollmann, S. Wartewig, W. C. Marsh, and R. Neubert. Noninvasive characterization of human stratum corneum of undiseased skin of patients with atopic dermatitis and psoriasis as studied by Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy. Biopolymers. 62:141–146 (2001).
  8. A. Nijssen, T. C. Bakker Shut, F. Heule, P. J. Caspers, D. P. Hayes, M. Neumann, and G. J. Puppels. Discrimination basal cell carcinoma from its surrounding tissue by Raman spectroscopy. J. Invest. Dermatol. 119:64–69 (2002).
  9. P. J. Caspers, G. W. Lucassen, E. A. Carter, H. A. Bruining, and G. J. Puppels. In vivo confocal Raman microspectroscopy of the skin: noninvasive determination of molecular concentration profiles. J. Invest. Dermatol. 116:434–442 (2001).
  10. P. J. Caspers, G. W. Lucassen, and G. J. Puppels. Combined in vivo confocal Raman spectroscopy and confocal microspectroscopy of human skin. Biophys. J. 85:572–580 (2003).
  11. C. R. Harding. The stratum corneum: structure and function in health and disease. Dermatol. Ther. 17 Suppl 1:6–15 (2004).
  12. A. S. Levey, K. Eckardt, Y. Tsukamoto, A. Levin, J. Coresh, J. Rossert, D. De Zeeuw, T. H. Hostetter, N. Lameire, and G. Eknoyan. Definition and classification of chronic kidney disease: A position statement from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Kidney Int. 67:2089–2100 (2005).
  13. E. Rozet, V. Wascotte, N. Lecouturier, V. Préat, W. Dewé, B. Boulanger, and P. Hubert. Improvement of the decision efficiency of the accuracy profile by means of indexes for analytical methods validation. Application to a diacetyl-monoxime colorimetric assay used for the determination of urea in transdermal iontophoretic extracts. Anal. Chim. Acta. 591:239–247 (2007).
  14. S. Nixon, M. B. Delgado-Charro, and R. H. Guy. Non-invasive monitoring of lactate by reverse iontophoresis. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 56:157 (2004).
  15. P. F. Mulvenna, and G. Savidge. A modified manual method for the determination of urea in seawater using diacetylmonoxime reagent, Estuarine. Coast. Shelf Sci. 34:429–438 (1992).
  16. H. Motulsky. t tests and nonparametric comparisons. In Graph Pad Software, Graph Pad Prism. Version 4.0. Statistics guide. Statistical analysis for laboratories and clinical researchers, Graph Pad Software, San Diego, 2007, p. 51.
  17. B. Leboulanger, J. M. Aubry, G. Bondolfi, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro. Lithium monitoring by reverse iontophoresis in vivo. Clin. Chem. 50:2091–2100 (2004).
  18. A. Sieg, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro. Simultaneous extraction of urea and glucose by reverse iontophoresis in vivo. Pharm. Res. 21:1805–1810 (2004).
  19. D. Marro, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro. Characterization of the iontophoretic permselectivity properties of human and pig skin. J. Control. Release. 70:213–217 (2001).
  20. J. P. Marty. NMF et Cosmétologie de l’Hydratation Cutanée. Ann. Dermatol. Venereol. 131–136 (2002).
  21. V. Wascotte, B. Degado-Charro, R. Guy, and V. Préat. Monitoring urea and potassium by reverse iontophoresis, Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting and Exposition of the Controlled Release Society. Abstract number 141, 2006.